Can linguistic analysis be used to identify whether adolescents with a chronic illness are depressed?

CAN LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS BE USED TO IDENTIFY WHETHER ADOLESCENTS WITH A CHRONIC ILLNESS ARE DEPRESSED? Clin Psychol Psychother. 2019 Dec 15;: Authors: Jones LS, Anderson E, Loades M, Barnes R, Crawley E Abstract Comorbid depression is common in adolescents with chronic illness. We aimed to design and test a linguistic coding scheme for identifying depression in adolescents with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME), by exploring features of e-consultations within online cognitive behavioural therapy treatment. E-consultations of 16 adolescents (aged 11 - 17) receiving FITNET-NHS treatment in a national randomised controlled trial were examined. A theoretically-driven linguistic coding scheme was developed and used to categorise comorbid depression in e-consultations using computerised content analysis. Linguistic coding scheme categorisation was subsequently compared to classification of depression using the Revised Children's Anxiety and Depression Scale (RCADS) published cut-offs (t-scores ≥ 65, ≥ 70). Extra linguistic elements identified deductively and inductively were compared with self-reported depressive symptoms after unblinding. The linguistic coding scheme categorised three (19%) of our sample consistently with self-report assessment. Of all 12 identified linguistic features, differences in language use by categorisation of self-report assessment were found for 'past-focus' words (mean rank frequencies: 1.50 for no dep...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

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AbstractAdolescents with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) appear to be more likely to experience anxiety and/or depression using Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs). However, we do not know how accurate these are at detecting problems in this patient group given the primary symptom of fatigue. We aimed to accurately determine the prevalence of anxiety/depression using gold-standard diagnostic interviews and evaluate the accuracy of PROMs measuring mood disorders in this patient group. We conducted a cross-sectional epidemiological study in a specialist tertiary paediatric CFS/ME service, En...
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