New Study Offers First Evidence Of Vaping's Long-Term Risks

The study finds that e-cigarettes are linked to increased risk of chronic lung diseases including emphysema, chronic bronchitis and COPD, as well as weakened immune defenses.
Source: NPR Health and Science - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Source Type: news

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Abstract INTRODUCTION: Influenza vaccination is the most effective way to prevent influenza. Few studies on its rate were reported throughout China and for populations with chronic diseases. An estimation of the rates in China was accomplished. METHODS: All data were from a national cross-sectional survey of a sample representing the population aged 40 years or older in mainland China in 2014-15. A total of 74,484 individuals with complete self-reported influenza vaccination status were analyzed in 2018-19. RESULTS: The overall influenza vaccination rate was 2.4% (95% CI 1.4-3.3) with 1.7% (95% CI 1...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
(Natural News) Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) refers to a group of conditions that can block airflow and cause a wide variety of breathing-related problems, including emphysema and bronchitis. They cause the body to create more mucus and trigger inflammation, which can cause parts of the lungs to become significantly less elastic and damages the...
Source: NaturalNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
R, Diaz AA Abstract BACKGROUND: Mucous exudates occluding the lumen of small airways are associated with reduced lung function and mortality in COPD subjects; however, luminal plugs in large airways have not been widely studied. We aimed to examine the associations of chest computed tomography (CT)-identified luminal plugging with lung function, health-related quality of life, and COPD phenotypes. METHODS: We randomly selected 100 smokers without COPD and 400 with COPD from the COPDGene Study. Luminal plugging was visually identified on inspiratory CT scans at baseline and five-year follow-up. The relationsh...
Source: Chest - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Chest Source Type: research
Abstract Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common term for alveolar septal wall destruction resulting in emphysema, and chronic bronchitis accompanied by conductive airway remodelling. In general, this disease is characterized by a disbalance of proteolytic/anti-proteolytic activity, augmented inflammatory response, increased oxidative/nitrosative stress, rise in number of apoptotic cells and decreased proliferation. As the first responder to the various environmental stimuli, epithelium occupies an important position in different lung pathologies, including COPD. Epithelium sequentially transition...
Source: Cellular Signalling - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Cell Signal Source Type: research
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality in both men and women in the United States, with an estimated 154,050 deaths expected to occur in 2018 [1]. Cigarette smoking has been linked to the development of lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) [2] and COPD has been found to be independently associated with an increased risk of developing lung cancer. A pooled analysis of 17 epidemiologic studies reported a 2.4-fold increase in risk of lung cancer associated with emphysema (ORmeta  = 2.44, 95% CI: 1.64, 3.62), and a 1.5-fold association with chronic bronchitis (ORmeta =...
Source: Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe results suggest possible e-cigarette–related pulmonary toxicity across all the categories of combustible cigarette smoking status, including those who had never smoked combustible cigarettes.
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Abstract Inhaled bronchodilators are the cornerstone of treatment for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Soft mist inhalers (SMIs) are devices that deliver bronchodilators. Although correct device use is paramount to successful medication delivery, patient errors are common. This global systematic literature review and meta-analysis examined device use errors with SMIs among patients with obstructive lung diseases. PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Cochrane, and Google Scholar were searched to identify studies published between 2010 and 2019 that met the following inclusion criteria: (a) English language; (b) a...
Source: Chronic Respiratory Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Chron Respir Dis Source Type: research
ConclusionsUse of e-cigarettes is an independent risk factor for respiratory disease in addition to combustible tobacco smoking. Dual use, the most common use pattern, is riskier than using either product alone.
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
This study actually does support the harm reduction potential of e-cigarettes,” says Andy Tan, an assistant professor of population sciences at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute who has studied e-cigarettes. “Yes, vaping is associated with about 29% to 31% higher odds of subsequent lung disease within two to three years than not vaping—but compare this with the 156% higher odds of using combustible tobacco than not smoking.” For the purposes of the study, Glantz and his co-author combined four conditions—chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), chronic bronchitis, emphysema and asthma—in...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized E-Cigarettes embargoed study Lung Disease Research vaping Source Type: news
MONDAY, Dec. 16, 2019 -- As if the news on vaping wasn't bad enough, a new study suggests that e-cigarette users are also at significantly higher risk of chronic lung diseases such as asthma, bronchitis, emphysema and COPD. Those risks rose even...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - Category: General Medicine Source Type: news
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