Vaping Damages Your Lungs, But Is Still Safer Than Smoking, a Long-Term Study Suggests

This study actually does support the harm reduction potential of e-cigarettes,” says Andy Tan, an assistant professor of population sciences at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute who has studied e-cigarettes. “Yes, vaping is associated with about 29% to 31% higher odds of subsequent lung disease within two to three years than not vaping—but compare this with the 156% higher odds of using combustible tobacco than not smoking.” For the purposes of the study, Glantz and his co-author combined four conditions—chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), chronic bronchitis, emphysema and asthma—into one respiratory disease umbrella. They used data provided by about 32,000 adults who responded to the U.S. National Institutes of Health’s Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) study, which asks individuals about their tobacco-product use, general health and demographic profile. When respondents first joined the PATH study, about 5,500 already had respiratory disease. About 12% of the total sample identified as former e-cigarette users, while 5.5% were current users. Meanwhile, 45% were former combustible tobacco users and 26% were current users. The individuals were then asked to take follow-up PATH surveys one and two years later, reporting any changes to their tobacco use and health. About 1,100 people developed respiratory disease in the following years. The researchers found that both nicotine e-cigarette and combustible tobacco us...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized E-Cigarettes embargoed study Lung Disease Research vaping Source Type: news

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Publication date: 15 February 2021Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 404, Part BAuthor(s): Yanhua Liu, Yang Li, Shanshan Dong, Lu Han, Ruixin Guo, Yourong Fu, Shenghu Zhang, Jianqiu Chen
Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
Authors: Musio F Abstract INTRODUCTION: Anemia has and will continue to be a central theme in medicine particularly as clinicians are treating a burgeoning population of complex multi-organ system processes. As a result of multiple randomized controlled trials (RCTs), meta-analyses, and societal recommendations overly restrictive paradigms and under-administration of erythropoiesis stimulating agents (ESAs) have likely been followed by clinicians among all specialties. AREAS COVERED: A review of anemia in the context of chronic kidney disease, hematologic malignancies and cancer is presented with focus on the e...
Source: Expert Review of Hematology - Category: Hematology Tags: Expert Rev Hematol Source Type: research
Lung cancer is a common malignancy worldwide, and risk factors include bronchitis, asthma, tuberculosis, smoking, and air pollution. These are also risk factors for spontaneous pneumothorax, a benign disease. We hypothesized that patients who experience a spontaneous pneumothorax have a greater risk to develop lung cancer, and designed a study to determine if this is so. We used the population-based Taiwan Health Insurance Research Database to perform a retrospective cohort study. The database includes more than 99% of the population of Taiwan. We established a 27,405-person pneumothorax cohort and a 109,620 person compar...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The increase of miR-7 methylation levels experienced by COPD patients occurs mainly at the expense of the emphysema phenotype, which might contribute to explain the higher incidence of lung cancer in these patients. PMID: 31780284 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Archivos de Bronconeumologia - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Arch Bronconeumol Source Type: research
Smoke-measuring smart shirts, breath sound analyzing algorithms, and smart inhalers pave the way of pulmonology and respiratory care into the future. As the number of patients suffering from asthma, COPD, or lung cancer due to rising air pollution and steady smoker-levels will unfortunately not decrease any time soon, we looked around what technology can do to help both patients and caregivers. The results are breathtaking. Attacks of breathlessness are too common The diseases which pulmonologists and respiratory care specialists attempt to fight are among the most common conditions in the modern world – and t...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Artificial Intelligence Future of Medicine Health Sensors & Trackers AI asthma cancer cancer treatment care COPD diagnostics inhaler lung lung cancer management medical specialty pulmonology respiratory respiratory care Source Type: blogs
Conclusions: We think that reductions of HIF-1α levels in PE led to decreases in protein levels of activated LOX, LOXL1 and LOXL2, and abnormalities in elastic fiber biology. In emphysematous areas, HIF-1α activation induced by decreased COMMD1 protein can contribute to the generation of disease pathogenesis. Approaches made to increase activated LOXs and COMMD1 can be effective for the regression of PE.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Mechanisms of Lung Injury and Repair Source Type: research
Conclusions: Alterations to RV structure may represent a mechanism by which long-term PM10–2.5 exposure increases risks for adverse respiratory and cardiovascular outcomes, especially among certain susceptible populations. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP658 Received: 14 June 2016 Revised: 24 February 2017 Accepted: 16 March 2017 Published: 27 July 2017 Address correspondence to S. D. Adar, University of Michigan School of Public Health, 1415 Washington Heights, SPH II-5539, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA. Telephone: (734) 615-9207; Email: sadar@umich.edu Supplemental Material is available online (https://doi.org/10.1289/E...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
To examine the airways in a minimally invasive fashion, bronchoscopy is the most used technique worldwide. Although the first bronchoscopy was a therapeutic one for the removal of a foreign body, until the 1970s the technique was more or less for diagnostic indications [1]. However, in recent years, bronchoscopy has experienced rapid development. More and more interventional techniques have been introduced, offering new options for patients [2]. In the early 2000s, endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration was established, and cryoprobes are nowadays the preferred option for establishing the diagnosi...
Source: European Respiratory Review - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Pulmonary pharmacology and therapeutics, Respiratory clinical practice Editorial Source Type: research
Over the last half century, technology has made possible the probing of the solar system and galaxy beyond. People can instantly correspond with anyone in the world. We can see —in real time—events and phenomena heretofore only reported by second and third hand accounts. Yet with all of the distance breached by modern devices, we are also able to know in detail the goings on inside our own bodies. With the advent of computed tomography (CT) imaging, known familiarly as “CAT scans,” doctors and their patients now get a bird’s eye view of internal organs. This scientific know-how goes beyond sim...
Source: ePharma Summit - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Anatomy CT Scan Lungs Medical Devices Source Type: blogs
Hippocrates may well have appreciated the significance of the presence of emphysema, but it was not until the 17th century that Bonet1 described the larger lungs of those with emphysema, to which he attributed their breathlessness. In 1821, Laennec connected emphysema to ageing, when he ascribed a subtly different definition to emphysema, describing it as "a breakdown of tissue in the parenchyma of the lungs as opposed to air trapped in the alveoli due to obstruction as occurs in asthma and chronic bronchitis" essentially considering emphysema to be an ‘independent finding’ to obstructive lung disease...
Source: Thorax - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
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