The Prevalence and Factors Associated with Antiepileptic Drug Use in US Nursing Home Residents

ConclusionsAED use was common in nursing homes, with gabapentin most commonly used (presumably for pain). That multiple comorbidities were associated with AED use underscores the need for future studies to investigate the safety and effectiveness of AED use in nursing home residents.
Source: Drugs and Aging - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

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ConclusionThis study identified the most accurate and reliable machine learning methods, which could enhance the application of radiomics methods in the precision of diagnosis of NPC.
Source: Molecular Imaging and Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe results demonstrate that even subtle changes in vessel morphology can be noninvasively quantified. This is of great interest for AD, but also to other models of neurodegenerative diseases involving macrovascular dysfunction.
Source: Molecular Imaging and Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe new PET radiotracer [18F]AF78 demonstrated high affinity for NET and favourable biodistribution in rats. A structure-activity relationship between radiotracer structures and affinity for NET was revealed, which may serve as the basis for the further design of NET targeting radiotracers with favourable features.
Source: Molecular Imaging and Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
ConclusionsUnlike [18F]FDG, [18F]BODIPY 1 showed prominent accumulation in BAT under both inactive and stimulated status. [18F]BODIPY 1 may serve as a valuable BAT PET agent to possibly assess BAT mitochondria density, thus BAT thermogenic capacity after further evaluation.
Source: Molecular Imaging and Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
ConclusionsHypoxia modulation may play a role in nal-IRI ’s mechanism of action. Nal-IRI demonstrated greater anti-tumor activity in the more aggressive and hypoxic tumor model. Furthermore, hypoxia imaging provided early prediction of treatment response.
Source: Molecular Imaging and Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
AbstractThe current utilization of positron emission tomography (PET) imaging is limited due to the high costs associated with production facility start-up and operations; subsequently, there has been a movement towards microfluidic synthesis of radiolabeled imaging pharmaceuticals (tracers). In this review, we summarize the current status of microfluidic radiosynthesis units for producing fluorine-18 labeled PET imaging tracers, including a discussion of the relative strengths and weaknesses of such devices. In addition, we provide a brief overview of the radiotracers that have been produced using microfluidic devices to ...
Source: Molecular Imaging and Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
ConclusionsIntegrated [68Ga]PSMA-11 PET/MRI provides a similarly high diagnostic performance for localization of recurrent PC as PET/CT. For the detection of local recurrences [68Ga]PSMA-11 PET/MRI is superior compared with [68Ga]PSMA-11 PET/CT.
Source: Molecular Imaging and Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeExisting clinical or microbiological scores are not sensitive enough to obtain prompt identification of patients at risk of complicatedClostridium difficile infection (CDI). Our aim was to use a CDI animal model to evaluate 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-D-glucose positron emission tomography ([18F]FDG-PET) as a marker of severe course of infection.ProceduresCDI was induced with cefoperazone for 10  days followed by clindamycin 1 day beforeC. difficile inoculation. Mice were divided into wild type (n = 6), antibiotic without infection (ACn = 4), h001-infected (n = 5...
Source: Molecular Imaging and Biology - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Conclusion: To better understand the complexity and interdependence of families' occupational patterns, future studies should examine multiple perspectives (parents and children) when studying occupations in a family setting. This can be enabled by the use of a variety of data collection methodologies. PMID: 32449442 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy - Category: Occupational Health Tags: Scand J Occup Ther Source Type: research
We reported that, while autophagy was necessary for β cell survival, the highly conserved Sel1L-Hrd1 ERAD protein complex was required for the maintenance of β cell maturation and identity. Using single-cell RNA-Seq, we demonstrated that Sel1L deficiency was not associated with β cell loss, but rather loss of β cell identity. Sel1L-Hrd1 ERAD controlled β cell identity via TGF-β signaling, in part by mediating the degradation of TGF-β receptor 1. Inhibition of TGF-β signaling in Sel1L-deficient β cells augmented the expression of β cell maturation markers and increased the t...
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
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