GCN2 is essential for CD8 + T cell survival and function in murine models of malignant glioma

In conclusion, our data demonstrate the vital importance of intact GCN2 signaling on CD8+ T-cell function and survival in glioblastoma.
Source: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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We examined the effects of NOC-18, an NO donor, on the expression of PD-L1 in A172 glioblastoma cells. NOC-18 increased PD-L1 expression in A172 glioblastoma cells. Moreover, this increase is regulated via the JNK pathway. PMID: 32201424 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Biol Pharm Bull Source Type: research
AbstractGlioblastoma remains as the most common and aggressive primary adult brain tumor to date. Within the last decade, cancer immunotherapy surfaced as a broadly successful therapeutic approach for a variety of cancers. However, due to the neuroanatomical and immunosuppressive nature of malignant gliomas, conventional chemotherapy and radiotherapy treatments garner limited efficacy in patients with these tumors. The intricate structure of the blood brain barrier restricts immune accessibility into the tumor microenvironment, and malignant gliomas can activate various adaptive responses to subvert anticancer immune respo...
Source: Journal of Neuro-Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: IL15Rα-IL15-armed oncolytic poxviruses provide potent antitumor effects against brain tumors when combined with adoptive T cell therapy, rapamycin and celecoxib. PMID: 32019860 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Clin Cancer Res Source Type: research
Authors: Galldiks N, Lohmann P, Werner JM, Ceccon G, Fink GR, Langen KJ Abstract Introduction: Currently, immunotherapy using vaccination strategies or oncolytic virus approaches, cell-based immunotherapy, and the blockade of immune checkpoints are under evaluation in patients with brain cancer. Here we summarize clinically significant imaging findings such as treatment-related changes detected by advanced neuroimaging techniques following the most suitable immunotherapy options currently used in neuro-oncology. We, furthermore, provide an overview of how these advanced imaging techniques may help to overcome short...
Source: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Expert Rev Anticancer Ther Source Type: research
AbstractGlioblastoma is a highly prevalent and aggressive form of primary brain tumor. It represents approximately 56% of all the newly diagnosed gliomas. Macrophages are one of the major constituents of tumor-infiltrating immune cells in the human gliomas. The role of immunosuppressive macrophages is very well documented in correlation with the poor prognosis of patients suffering from breast, prostate, bladder and cervical cancers. The current study highlights the correlation between the tumor-associated macrophage phenotypes and glioma progression. We observed an increase in the pool of M2 macrophages in high-grade glio...
Source: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Abstract Glioma is the most common primary brain cancer, and half of patients present a diagnosis of glioblastoma (GBM), its most aggressive and lethal form. Conventional therapies, including surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy, have not resulted in major ameliorations in GBM survival outcome, which remains extremely poor. Recent immunotherapy improvements for other tumors, coupled with growing knowledge of the complex interactions between malignant glioma cells and the immune system, led to an exponential increase in glioma immunotherapy research. However, immunotherapeutic strategies in GBM have not yet reac...
Source: Immunobiology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Immunobiology Source Type: research
Purpose of review The current review summarizes recent advances on three important issues in neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) management: the identification of specific NF1 gene mutations predicting the risk for developing neurological malignancies; the molecular features of NF1-associated tumors and their differences from sporadic neoplasms; genetic, epigenetic, or microenviromental factors leading benign tumors to a malignant transformation in NF1. Recent findings The association between the risk of developing optic pathway glioma and specific germiline NF1 mutations is still debated and further studies are needed wit...
Source: Current Opinion in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: BRAIN AND NERVOUS SYSTEM: Edited by Marc Sanson Source Type: research
Brain tumors are among the deadliest malignancies. The brain tumor microenvironment (TME) hosts a unique collection of cells, soluble factors, and extracellular matrix components that regulate disease evolution of both primary and metastatic brain malignancies. It is established that macrophages and other myeloid cells are abundant in the brain TME and strongly correlate with aggressive phenotypes and distinct genetic signatures, while lymphoid cells are less frequent but are now known to have a pronounced effect on disease progression. Different types of brain tumors vary widely in their microenvironmental contexture, and...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
In this study, we found that: (a) high expression of lncRNAMIR155 host gene (MIR155HG) was closely related to better overall survival (OS) in cholangiocarcinoma (CHOL), lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD), and skin cutaneous melanoma (SKCM), and have better disease ‐free survival (DFS) in CHOL. Meanwhile, the high level ofMIR155HG was associated with poorer OS in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), kidney renal clear cell carcinoma (KIRC), brain lower grade glioma (LGG), and uveal melanoma (UVM). (b) The expression ofMIR155HG was significantly correlated with infiltrating levels of immune cells and immune molecules, especially with im...
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
Abstract Pediatric brain tumors are the leading cause of childhood cancer-related death. Immunotherapy is a powerful new approach for treating some refractory cancers; applying this 'fourth pillar' of cancer treatment to pediatric brain tumors is an exciting but challenging prospect. This review offers new perspectives on moving towards successful immunotherapy for pediatric brain tumors, focusing on pediatric high-grade glioma (HGG), a subgroup with universally poor outcomes. We cover chimeric antigen receptor T cell (CAR-T) therapy, vaccine therapy, and checkpoint inhibition in this context, and focus on the nee...
Source: Trends in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Trends Immunol Source Type: research
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