Craniofacial surgery and specific airway problems.

Craniofacial surgery and specific airway problems. Paediatr Anaesth. 2019 Dec 14;: Authors: Garcia-Marcinkiewicz AG, Stricker PA Abstract Infants and children undergoing craniofacial surgery may present with a wide range of diseases and conditions posing an array of challenges to the anesthesiologist. Optimal perioperative care requires an understanding of these diseases and their impact on airway and anesthetic management. For those children with anomalies affecting airway anatomy, soft tissues of the head and neck, or skeletal mobility, advanced airway management techniques (i.e., modalities other than direct laryngoscopy) may be required to secure the airway. Additionally, some craniofacial surgical procedures have direct implications on airway management, such as with LeFort III midface advancement involving halo distractor application, where the distractor device precludes facemask ventilation. For all of these patients, the anesthetic and airway management plans must be tailored to the surgery being performed, the patient's specific conditions, and take into consideration all phases of perioperative care. In this review we present some of the more commonly encountered craniofacial abnormalities affecting airway management. PMID: 31837242 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Paediatric Anaesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Paediatr Anaesth Source Type: research

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