Bullying and childhood trauma events as predictive factors of suicidal behavior in borderline personality disorder: preliminary findings - Alberdi-Paramo I, Saiz-Gonzalez MD, D íaz-Marsá M, Carrasco-Perera JL.

Traumas in childhood could present a significant association with suicidal behavior in BPD. The aim of the report is to study the link between a traumatic childhood involving school bullying and the different forms and degrees of suicidal behavior in BPD. ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

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AbstractResearch on psychotherapies for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is increasingly focused on understanding not only which treatments work but why and for whom they work. The present pilot study evaluated the temporal relations between five hypothesized change targets —posttraumatic cognitions, guilt, shame, general emotion dysregulation, and experiential avoidance—and PTSD severity among women with PTSD, borderline personality disorder, and recent suicidal and/or self‐injurious behaviors. Participants (N = 26) were randomized to receive 1 year of dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) with or without t...
Source: Journal of Traumatic Stress - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: BRIEF REPORT Source Type: research
Although great advancements in evidence-based therapies, chronic suicidal patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) still challenge our mental health system. While BPD patients continue suffering from distress and aversive emotions, therapists and relatives feel often stunned and helpless when confronted with suicidality resulting in interruption of therapies, repeated presentations to emergency rooms and referrals to hospitals. Reviewing the current knowledge of the functions and background of non-suicidal self-injury, we learned that reinforcement mechanisms play an important role to understand why individuals ...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
OBJECTIVE: Suicide remains a leading cause of death in the United States, and recent reports have suggested the suicide rate is increasing. One of the most robust predictors of future suicidal behavior is a history of attempting suicide. Despite this, litt...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with both bipolar disorder and BPD have more severe psychosocial morbidity than patients with only one of these disorders. PMID: 32178744 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Psychological Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research
The objectives of this study are: (i) to assess the frequency of self-stigma in a multicentric nonselected psychiatric rehabilitation SMI and ASD sample; and (ii) to investigate the correlates of elevated self-stigma in different SMI conditions and in ASD. METHODS.: A total of 738 SMI or ASD outpatients were recruited from the French National Centers of Reference for Psychiatric Rehabilitation cohort (REHABase). Evaluations included sociodemographic data, illness characteristics, and standardized scales for clinical severity, quality of life, satisfaction with life, wellbeing, personal recovery, a large cognitive batte...
Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Psychiatry Source Type: research
Objective: Suicidal individuals are a heterogeneous population and may differ in systematic ways in their responsiveness to stress. The primary aim of the present study was to identify whether a different pattern of physiological stress response exi...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is characterized by a pattern of instability in interpersonal relationships, affect, self-image and is marked by behavioral impulsivity including suicidal ideation and attempts. Additionally, individuals wi...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news
Nonsuicidal self-injury disorder (NSSID) is a condition in need of further study, especially in adolescent and clinical populations where it is particularly prevalent and studies are limited. Twenty-nine clinical self-injuring adolescents were included in the study. The Clinical Assessment of Nonsuicidal Self-Injury Disorder Index (CANDI) was used to assess prevalence of NSSID. The NSSID diagnosis criteria were met by 62.1% of adolescents. The impairment or distress criterion was least often met. Criteria B and C (assessing reasons for NSSI and cognitions/emotions prior to NSSI) were confirmed by 96–100% of all parti...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionHigher levels of dissociation were associated with more engagement with suicidal thoughts but did not necessarily contribute to SIB. Further research into differential patterns of association of self ‐injury in patients with BPD may investigate other models where dissociation may more strongly factor into outcomes. © 2020 John Wiley&Sons, Ltd.
Source: Personality and Mental Health - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) is an evidence-based psychological therapy, originally developed for the treatment of people with a diagnosis of borderline personality disorder, that specifically focuses on the treatment of suicidal and self-harm behav...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news
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