Impact of sunshine on the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus in primiparous women.

Impact of sunshine on the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus in primiparous women. Int J Circumpolar Health. 2020 Dec;79(1):1703882 Authors: Laine MK, Kautiainen H, Gissler M, Pennanen P, Eriksson JG Abstract There is a lack of data about the influence of sunshine hours on the prevalence for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the prevalence of GDM varied according to hours of daily sunshine during the first trimester. The study cohort (N = 6189) consists of all primiparous women with a Finnish background who delivered between 2009 and 2015 living in Vantaa city, Finland. Data on births and maternal characteristics were obtained from National Health Registers. Data on sunshine hours were obtained from the Finnish Meteorological Institute. Individual daily sunshine hours during the first trimester of pregnancy were calculated for each woman. Diagnosis of GDM was based on a standard 75-g 2-h glucose tolerance test (OGTT). No relationship was observed between month of conception and GDM. Daily sunshine hours during the first trimester and GDM showed a U-shaped association (adjusted p-value 0.019). In OGTT, a U-shaped association was observed between 0-h glucose value and daily sunshine hours during the first trimester (p = 0.039) as well as with the 1-h glucose value (p = 0.012), respectively. In primiparous women daily sunshine hours during the first trimester showed a U-shaped association with the prevalenc...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

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The objective of the present study is to compare the sonographic measurement of subcutaneous adipose thickness and visceral adipose thickness during 1st trimester screening for aneuploidies between non ‐diabetic pregnant women and patients who develop 1st trimester or 2nd trimester gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).Material and methodsAdipose thickness was measured by transabdominal ultrasound imaging in pregnant women attending our clinic for screening for fetal aneuploidies between 11 and 13  weeks of gestation. During the 1st trimester all patients were evaluated for fasting glycemia in accordance with the Inte...
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
Conclusions: there was a high prevalence of UI during pregnancy. This condition was strongly associated with lifestyle habits and gestational morbidities. Finally, it is worth high-lighting the fact that delivery via caesarean section increased the chance of UI in subsequent pregnancies.Resumo Objetivos: estimar a preval ência de incontinência urinária (IU) na gestação, identificar e quantificar fatores associados à IU gestacional. Métodos: estudo transversal realizado com mulheres admitidas para o parto nas maternidades da cidade de Botucatu (São Paulo). Foi utilizado ...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Saude Materno Infantil - Category: Midwifery Source Type: research
In the recent three decades, the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has experienced a rapid increase in the world, in particular in Asian countries, due to rapid urbanization and increasing prevalence of sedentary lifestyles [1,2]. The increased prevalence of GDM and its associated long-term health outcomes in the mother and offspring has become a high global medical burden [3]. Women with GDM are at higher risk of pregnancy-induced hypertension and preeclampsia during the index pregnancy and adverse pregnancy outcomes [4,5], and at markedly increased risk of diabetes [6] and cardiovascular diseases [7] later in life.
Source: Primary Care Diabetes - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Original research Source Type: research
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Published online: 13 January 2020; doi:10.1038/s41430-019-0542-6The association of elevated serum ferritin concentration in early pregnancy with gestational diabetes mellitus: a prospective observational study
Source: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Source Type: research
This study was conducted with the aim to assess obesity-related adverse maternal, neonatal and perinatal outcomes using new Asian Indian guidelines.MethodologyPregnant women up to 16-week gestation on first visit were enrolled. There were two exposure groups: one with BMI  
Source: The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
G Arora, N SahniJournal of Postgraduate Medicine 2020 66(1):51-53 Sheehan's syndrome (SS) is caused by infarction of the pituitary gland usually precipitated by hypotension due to massive uterine hemorrhage during the peripartum period. Once SS develops, it becomes a major comorbidity for the young females and predisposes them to further medical, obstetric, and anesthetic complications. Herein, we report the perioperative anesthetic management of a 28-year-old female, already diagnosed with SS precipitated by urosepsis and septicemic shock in a previous pregnancy, now presenting with twin pregnancy for elective cesare...
Source: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
mellitus (GDM) is the commonest medical condition in pregnancy. It is associated with a range of maternal and infant complications including large-for-gestational-age, stillbirth, pre-term birth, shoulder dystocia, caesarean section, and neonatal hypoglycaemia. Increasingly, longer-term metabolic risks are also being recognized for women who have GDM and their children. Because the relationship between maternal glucose and complications is linear, the appropriate thresholds for diagnosis and treatment remain controversial.
Source: Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Reproductive Medicine - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
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Source: J Cell Mol Med - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: J Cell Mol Med Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
Authors: Hur KY PMID: 31902146 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes Metab J Source Type: research
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