Integrated multitrophic aquaculture systems – Potential risks for food safety
Publication date: Available online 13 December 2019Source: Trends in Food Science &TechnologyAuthor(s): João Rosa, Marco F.L. Lemos, Daniel Crespo, Margarida Nunes, Andreia Freitas, Fernando Ramos, Miguel Ângelo Pardal, Sara LestonAbstractBackgroundThe demand for fish and fish products is now higher than ever. However, several problems such as nutrient loading or excessive use of resources can be associated with the intensification of aquaculture systems. Integrated multitrophic aquaculture systems (IMTAs) refer to the co-culture of different species belonging to different trophic levels, and offer a sustainable approach to aquaculture development. In these systems, organic and inorganic extractive species will feed on other species waste or on uneaten feed nutrients, acting as bioremediators.Scope and approachThe extractive capacity that these organisms have to take up nutrients from the water also means they will accumulate chemicals that are often administered in intensive productions. The present review describes a vast number of substances that can be found in IMTAs, either intentionally administered or resulting from contamination, and subsequently accumulated in species reared afterwards in these systems. The presence of such chemicals in organisms produced in IMTAs raises several food safety and human health concerns, which need to be addressed.Key findings and conclusionsAlthough IMTAs still face many challenges in terms of large scale production, le...
Publication date: Available online 3 June 2020Source: The Journal of Molecular DiagnosticsAuthor(s): Anthony N. Sireci, Jay L. Patel, Loren Joseph, Matthew C. Hiemenz, Oana C. Rosca, Samuel K. Caughron, Sarah A. Thibault-Sennett, Tara L. Burke, Dara L. Aisner
Publication date: Available online 2 June 2020Source: Pathology - Research and PracticeAuthor(s): Theodore Vougiouklakis, Brendan J. Belovarac, Andrew Lytle, Luis Chiriboga, Ugur Ozerdem
Publication date: Available online 2 June 2020Source: Pathology - Research and PracticeAuthor(s): Hyeongjoo Kim, Taewan Kim, Gunn Jaygal, Jongsoo Woo, Chang-Jin Kim, Moo-Jun Baek, Dongjun Jeong
Publication date: Available online 2 June 2020Source: Pathology - Research and PracticeAuthor(s): Qian Wu, Weiya Wang, Ping Zhou, Yiyun Fu, Ying Zhang, Yang W. Shao, Lili Jiang
Publication date: Available online 2 June 2020Source: The Journal of Foot and Ankle SurgeryAuthor(s): Sergio Agudiez Calvo, Jorge Ballesteros de Frutos, Héctor Raúl Cabezas García, Daniel Pecos Martin, Tomás Gallego Izquierdo
Publication date: Available online 2 June 2020Source: Orthopaedics &Traumatology: Surgery &ResearchAuthor(s): Alexandre Hardy, Guillaume Lefebvre
Publication date: Available online 2 June 2020Source: Journal of Orthopaedic TranslationAuthor(s): Zihao He, Linyang Chu, Xuqiang Liu, Xuequan Han, Kai Zhang, Mengning Yan, Xiaofeng Li, Zhifeng Yu
Publication date: Available online 3 June 2020Source: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and TraumaAuthor(s): Alaa A. Dawood
This study aims to assess whether older adults with low muscle mass or strength, in the presence of obesity, have an increased risk of knee (TKR) and hip replacement (THR) over 13 years. 1082 community-dwelling older adults (51% women; mean age 62.9 ± 7.5 years) were studied at baseline and multiple time points over 13 years. The incidence of TKR and THR was determined by data linkage to National Joint Replacement Registry. Appendicular lean and fat mass were measure d using DXA. Lower-limb muscle strength (LMS) was assessed by dynamometer. Low muscle mass and strength were defined as t...
Publication date: Available online 2 June 2020Source: Journal of OptometryAuthor(s): Tahereh Rakhshandadi, Mohamad-Reza Sedaghat, Farshad Askarizadeh, Hamed Momeni-Moghaddam, Mehdi Khabazkhoob, Abbasali Yekta, Foroozan Narooie-Noori