Design of an Enhanced Public Health Surveillance System for Hepatitis C Virus Elimination in King County, Washington.
Design of an Enhanced Public Health Surveillance System for Hepatitis C Virus Elimination in King County, Washington. Public Health Rep. 2020 Jan;135(1):33-39 Authors: Baer A, Fagalde MS, Drake CD, Sohlberg EH, Barash E, Glick S, Millman AJ, Duchin JS Abstract INTRODUCTION: With the goal of eliminating hepatitis C virus (HCV) as a public health problem in Washington State, Public Health-Seattle &King County (PHSKC) designed a Hepatitis C Virus Test and Cure (HCV-TAC) data system to integrate surveillance, clinical, and laboratory data into a comprehensive database. The intent of the system was to promote identification, treatment, and cure of HCV-infected persons (ie, HCV care cascade) using a population health approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data system automatically integrated case reports received via telephone and fax from health care providers and laboratories, hepatitis test results reported via electronic laboratory reporting, and data on laboratory and clinic visits reported by 6 regional health care systems. PHSKC examined patient-level laboratory test results and established HCV case classification using Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists criteria, classifying patients as confirmed if they had detectable HCV RNA. RESULTS: The data enabled PHSKC to report the number of patients at various stages along the HCV care cascade. Of 7747 HCV RNA-positive patients seen by a partner site, 5377 (69%) were assessed for severit...
In conclusion, the molecular mechanism of anti-HCC of B. batryticatus can be related to the tumor microenvironment to some extent. B. batryticatus may exert its anti-cancer effects and improve prognosis of patients by regulating macrophages M1 in VIR and NVIR through acting on different targets.
Authors: Ifeorah IM, Bakarey AS, Akubo AO, Onyemelukwe FN Abstract Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is associated with liver complicated diseases resulting in end-stage hepatocellular carcinoma. Although vertical transmission from mother to child serves as one of the routes of HCV acquisition in children, yet HCV infection in pregnant women and children is still underappreciated in sub-Saharan Africa. Therefore, this study investigated the burden of HCV, associated risk factors, and viremia among antenatal and postnatal clinic attendees in the rural and urban communities of Kogi State, Nigeria. Atotal of 176 blood samples w...
AbstractCoping has emerged as a vital indicator among patients in the chronic conditions. The current study examined the role of demographic characteristics (such as age, education, gender, marital status, residential background, family type and number of children) in adoption of coping (emotion-focused, problem-solving, religious –spiritual) strategies for nursing among hepatitis patients. A sample of 500 patients (of hepatitis C) was drawn from five most populous districts (Lahore, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Gujranwala and Multan) of Punjab, Pakistan, by using Epi Info software with an alpha level of 0.03. The data we...
CONCLUSION We identified a population of HCV-specific CD4+ T cells with a follicular T helper cell signature that is maintained after therapy-induced elimination of persistent infection and may constitute an important target population for vaccination efforts to prevent reinfection and immunotherapeutic approaches for persistent viral infections.FUNDING Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation), the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), the European Union, the Berta-Ottenstein-Programme for Advanced Clinician Scientists, and the ANRS.
Publication date: January 2020Source: Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B, Volume 10, Issue 1Author(s): Meng-Hao Huang, Hu Li, Rong Xue, Jianrui Li, Lihua Wang, Junjun Cheng, Zhouyi Wu, Wenjing Li, Jinhua Chen, Xiaoqin Lv, Qiang Li, Pei Lan, Limin Zhao, Yongfeng Yang, Zonggen Peng, Jiandong Jiang
Although our Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study reported a relatively slow international decrease of hepatitis C virus (HCV) prevalence and incidence in hemodialysis (HD) units from 1996 to 20121 (before the direct-acting antiviral era), Huang et al. now report their direct-acting antiviral–based elimination of HCV from a single HD unit in Taiwan.2 Such eradication of HCV will reduce the clinical burden associated with HCV infection. In addition, HCV eradication should prevent HCV nosocomial transmission.
We read the report by Jadoul et al.1 with great interest in a recent issue in Kidney International. The World Health Organization has set ambitious goals for hepatitis C virus (HCV) eradication using the “micro-elimination” approach.2 Taiwan has one of the highest prevalence and incidence of end-stage kidney disease worldwid e. HCV infection is an important complication among our hemodialysis patients.3 With the advent of the new direct-acting antivirals, complete eradication of HCV infection is one of our key priorities.
ConclusionDirect-acting antiviral treatment including sofosbuvir, daclatasvir and ribavirin appears to be safe and shows no detectable intraocular complications in the six-month follow-up period, and routine ophthalmic follow-up seems to be less required than in older anti-HCV medications.