Circular RNA ITCH: A novel tumor suppressor in multiple cancers
Publication date: Available online 13 December 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Yang Li, Yu-zheng Ge, Luwei Xu, Ruipeng JiaAbstractCircular RNAs (circRNAs) are a new type of endogenous noncoding RNAs with closed circular structure. Emerging evidence indicates that circRNAs play crucial roles in many biological processes by regulating linear RNA transcription, downstream gene expression and protein production. Meanwhile, recent studies have suggested that circRNAs have the potential to be oncogenic or anti-oncogenic and play vital regulatory roles in the initiation and progression of tumors. Circular RNA itchy E3 ubiquitin protein ligase (circ-ITCH), a novel circular RNA originated from several exons of ITCH and located on chromosome 20q11.22, was proved to be declined in many malignant tumors, such as melanoma and ovarian cancer, resulting in tumor occurrence and progression. This review summarizes the biogenesis, characteristics, and functions of circRNAs, as well as recent progression regarding the biological functions and potential molecular mechanisms of circ-ITCH, and future challenges in cancer research.Graphical abstract
What impact do antibiotic-related changes of the gut microbiome have on efficacy of immune-checkpoint inhibitors?Annals of Oncology
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Men with early stage prostate cancer did not show benefits from a vegetable-rich diet.
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Publication date: Available online 19 January 2020Source: Food Research InternationalAuthor(s): Caiyu Lei, Xiangyi Tang, He Li, Hualei Chen, Shujuan YuAbstractThe grape seed extract (GSE) hybridized with medium-chain saturated fatty acids (decanoic acid) exhibited higher lipophilicity, antioxidant activity, and anti-proliferative activity than its parents. The chemical structures of individual hybridized GSE derivatives were identified as 3'-O-decanoyl catechin, 3′-O-decanoyl epicatechin, 3', 5'-2-O-decanoyl epigallocatechin, and 3', 4', 3'', 5''-4-O-decanoyl epicatechin gallate by HPLC-MS2 and 1H and 13C NMR. For gr...
Women whose periods stop before the age of 40 are at greater risk of diabetes, heart disease, strokes, asthma and breast cancer, the study found. The UK menopause average is 51.