Does orbital exenteration still has a place in 2019?
[Does orbital exenteration still has a place in 2019?] J Fr Ophtalmol. 2019 Dec 09;: Authors: Martel A, Hamedani M, Lagier J, Bertolotto C, Gastaud L, Poissonnet G Abstract INTRODUCTION: Orbital exenteration is a radical anatomically and psychologically disfiguring procedure. It is mostly performed for management of orbital cancers or cancers with orbital involvement. The lack of benefit in terms of overall survival and the development of new molecular therapies (targeted therapies, immunotherapy) in recent years leads us to question its use. The goal of our review is to answer to the following question: is orbital exenteration a viable procedure in 2019? MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature review was performed using the PUBMED and MEDLINE databases. The following terms were used then crossed with each other: "orbital exenteration", "exenterated socket", "overall survival", "life expectancy", "orbital reconstruction", "socket reconstruction". Oncology articles from the past 15 years were included and separated into those in the oculoplastic literature and those in the ENT literature. RESULTS: Nineteen articles were included in this review. Eyelid tumours represent the main etiology of orbital exenteration. Basal cell carcinoma is the most frequently incriminated tumor, while sebaceous carcinoma and conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma are the most frequently encountered in Asian seri...
What impact do antibiotic-related changes of the gut microbiome have on efficacy of immune-checkpoint inhibitors?Annals of Oncology
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Men with early stage prostate cancer did not show benefits from a vegetable-rich diet.
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Publication date: Available online 19 January 2020Source: Food Research InternationalAuthor(s): Caiyu Lei, Xiangyi Tang, He Li, Hualei Chen, Shujuan YuAbstractThe grape seed extract (GSE) hybridized with medium-chain saturated fatty acids (decanoic acid) exhibited higher lipophilicity, antioxidant activity, and anti-proliferative activity than its parents. The chemical structures of individual hybridized GSE derivatives were identified as 3'-O-decanoyl catechin, 3′-O-decanoyl epicatechin, 3', 5'-2-O-decanoyl epigallocatechin, and 3', 4', 3'', 5''-4-O-decanoyl epicatechin gallate by HPLC-MS2 and 1H and 13C NMR. For gr...
Women whose periods stop before the age of 40 are at greater risk of diabetes, heart disease, strokes, asthma and breast cancer, the study found. The UK menopause average is 51.