Relative Effort while Walking Is Higher among Women Who Are Obese, and Older Women
Purpose Individuals who are obese, and older individuals, exhibit gait alterations that may result, in part, from walking with greater effort relative to their maximum strength capacity. The goal of this study was to investigate obesity-related and age-related differences in relative effort during gait. Methods Four groups of women completed the study, including 10 younger healthy-weight, 10 younger obese, 10 older healthy-weight, and 9 older obese women. The protocol included strength measurements at the hip, knee, and ankle in both flexion and extension, and gait trials under self-selected and constrained (1.5 m·s−1 gait speed and 0.65-m step length) conditions. Relative effort was calculated as the ratio of joint torques during gait, and strength from a subject-specific model that predicted strength as a function of joint angle. Results Relative effort during self-selected gait was higher among women who were obese in knee extension (P = 0.028) and ankle plantar flexion (P = 0.013). Although both joint torques and strength were higher among women who were obese, these increases in relative effort were attributed to greater obesity-related increases in joint torques than strength. Relative effort was also higher among older women in hip flexion (P
Publication date: Available online 20 January 2020Source: Trends in Food Science &TechnologyAuthor(s): I.P. Shanura Fernando, BoMi Ryu, Ginnae Ahn, In-Kyu Yeo, You-Jin JeonAbstractBackgroundMetabolic syndrome (MS) defines a group of severe comorbidities, including insulin resistance, abnormal fat accumulation, and high blood pressure that lead to obesity, diabetes, and heart diseases. MS has received a growing concern due to its rising prevalence in many countries. The consumption of high-calorie food, sedentary lifestyle habits, genetic factors, and stress conditions aggravate risk factors for developing metabolic syn...
Publication date: Available online 20 January 2020Source: The American Journal of SurgeryAuthor(s): Xavier Serra-Aracil, Esther Gil-Barrionuevo, Raquel Lobato-Gil, Anna Gonzalez-Costa, Laura Mora-López, Anna Pallisera-Lloveras, Sheila Serra-Pla, Salvador Navarro-SotoAbstractBackgroundThe aim of this study is to assess the feasibility of transanal endoscopic surgery (TES) in obese patients.MethodsObservational descriptive study evaluating the feasibility of TES in obese rectal tumors between June 2004 and January 2019. Patients were assigned to two groups: body mass index (BMI)
This study revealed that soaking and germination significantly reduced (P
Publication date: March 2020Source: Journal of Functional Foods, Volume 66Author(s): Jr-Wei Chen, Yi-Ling Lin, Chung-Hsi Chou, Yi-Hsieng Samuel Wu, Sheng-Yao Wang, Yi-Chen ChenAbstractA high-fat diet is a major risk factor for obesity and heart failure. Our previous study has demonstrated that protease A-digested crude-chalaza hydrolysates (CCH-As) with a specific free amino-acid and carnosine/anserine profile show lipid-lowering and antioxidant activities against chronic alcohol consumption. The antiobesity and hypolipidemic effects of our CCH-As against a high-fat diet was to investigated in this study. In high-fat-diet ...
School feeding programme in Togo. Credit: WFP/João CavalcanteBy Jomo Kwame Sundaram and Wan Manan MudaKUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia, Jan 21 2020 (IPS) If well planned, coordinated and implemented, a government funded school feeding programme for all primary school children can be progressively transformative. Such a programme, involving government departments and agencies working together, can benefit schoolchildren, their families, farmers and public health, now and in the future. Jomo Kwame Sundaram Such a scheme should comprehensively supply adequate food for all, especially schoolchildren, and improve their nutrition,...
In conclusion, we have considered the literature that focuses on the omega-6/omega-3 ratio. The ratio changed from the past, especially in people whose diet is strongly westernized worsening the state of health of the patient and leading to an higher incidence of obesity. Our study hypoth esizes that the supplementation could help to restore the correct ratio.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with morbid obesity need health, nutritional, and psychological education. PMID: 31955190 [PubMed - in process]
(University of Barcelona) A new study by the University of Barcelona (UB) concluded that irregularity in eating schedules during the weekend, named by the authors as eating jet lag, could be related to the increase of body mass index (BMI), a formula that measures weight and height to determine whether someone's weight is healthy.