Role of Zinc Supplementation on Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury in Various Organs.

Role of Zinc Supplementation on Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury in Various Organs. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2019 Dec 11;: Authors: Akbari G Abstract Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is a serious condition which is associated with myocardial infarction, stroke, acute kidney injury, trauma, circulatory arrest, sickle cell disease, and sleep apnea and can lead to high morbidity and mortality. Salts of zinc (Zn) are commonly used by humans and have protective effects against gastric, renal, hepatic, muscle, myocardial, or neuronal ischemic injury. The present review evaluates molecular mechanisms underlying the protective effects of Zn supplement against I/R injury. Data of this review have been collected from the scientific articles published in databases such as Science Direct, Scopus, PubMed, and Scientific Information Database from 1991 to 2019. Zn supplementation increased the decreased parameters including superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPX), glutathione (GSH), metallothionein (MT), protein sulfhydryl (P-SH), and nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor-2 (Nrf2) expression and decreased the increased elements such as endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening, malondialdehyde (MDA), serum level of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and microRNAs-(122 and 34a), apoptotic factors, and his...
Source: Biological Trace Element Research - Category: Biology Authors: Tags: Biol Trace Elem Res Source Type: research

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Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
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