Elevated CD36 expression correlates with increased visceral adipose tissue and predicts poor prognosis in ccRCC patients

This study aimed to investigate the mRNA expression of CD36 in anthropometric measures of adipose tissue and defining its value in predicting prognosis in ccRCC patients.Methods: Real-Time qPCR gene expression analysis was detected from 367 paired ccRCC and adjacent normal tissues. Distributions of categorical clinical-pathological data together with levels of CD36 expression were compared with χ2-test in a contingency table. Subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) were measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and identified at the level of the umbilicus. Pearson's correlation coefficient was utilized to quantify relations between body mass index (BMI), VAT%, SAT and CD36 expression respectively. Partial likelihood test from univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis were developed to address the influence of independent factors on progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). The Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test were performed to assess the survival benefits between discrete levels.Results: In the current study, CD36 mRNA was demonstrated highly expressed in ccRCC compared with normal tissues. In addition, CD36 mRNA expression was significantly increased in patients with advanced TNM stage (p=0.003, p
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

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AbstractPurposeRenal cell carcinoma (RCC) incidence is higher among black than white Americans. The reasons for this disparity remain unclear.MethodsWe calculated race- and sex-specific population attributable risk percentages (PAR%) and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) for hypertension and chronic kidney disease (CKD) among black and white subjects  ≥  50 years of age from the US Kidney Cancer Study (USKC; 965 cases, 953 controls), a case–control study in Chicago and Detroit, and a nested case–control study in the Kaiser Permanente Northern California health care network (KPNC; 2,162 c...
Source: Cancer Causes and Control - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Source: Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Nutrition and cancer II Source Type: research
Authors: Wong ECL, Breau RH, Mallick R, Wood L, Pouliot F, Basappa NS, Tanguay S, Soulières D, So A, Heng D, Lavallée LT, Drachenberg D, Kapoor A Abstract Background: Diagnosis and treatment of renal cell carcinoma (rcc) might be different in Indigenous Canadians than in non-Indigenous Canadians. In this cohort study, we compared rcc presentation and treatments in Indigenous and non-Indigenous Canadians. Methods: Patients registered in the Canadian Kidney Cancer Information System treated at 16 institutions between 2011 and 2018 were included. Baseline patient, tumour, and treatment characteristic...
Source: Current Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Curr Oncol Source Type: research
Conclusion: 3T3-L1 cells, treated with LPV/RTV, show altered lipid content due to increased miRNA-218 levels, which affects lipin-1 mRNA. Moreover, increased miRNA-218 levels were inversely correlated with changes in GLUT-4 expression, which suggests a role for miRNA-218 in mediating the insulin resistance consequent to cART. Introduction Metabolic syndrome is a serious consequence of combined Antiretroviral Therapy (cART). HIV-associated metabolic syndrome is often accompanied by lipodystrophy (LS), the redistribution of body fat with loss of subcutaneous adipose tissue in face, limbs and buttocks, concomitant wit...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
(European Association for the Study of Obesity) A study of more than 300,000 individuals in Denmark, presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity in Glasgow, Scotland (April 28-May 1), reveals that heavier and taller children are at greater risk than their average-sized peers of developing the kidney cancer renal cell carcinoma (RCC) as adults.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
In conclusion, we showed that IGFs and insulin may play a stimulatory role for renal cancer cells, thus they can possibly affect renal cancer tumorigenesis and progression on cellular level. PMID: 30929166 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: J Cell Commun Signal Source Type: research
Conclusions: Average age at the time of diagnosis of RCC in Sri Lankan patients is lower than the developed world, with a large proportion of patients being under 50 years. Obesity, hypertension, and DM are associated risk factors for RCC in Sri Lankan patients while smoking is not.
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
Among Swedish men, overweight or obesity during adolescence tied to higher risk for renal cell carcinoma
Source: The Doctors Lounge - Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Family Medicine, Nephrology, Nursing, Oncology, Pediatrics, Urology, Journal, Source Type: news
AbstractBackgroundRecent evidence suggested a potential correlation between overweight and the efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) in cancer patients.Patients and methodsWe conducted a retrospective study of advanced cancer patients consecutively treated with anti-PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors, in order to compare clinical outcomes according to baseline BMI levels as primary analysis. Based on their BMI, patients were categorized into overweight/obese ( ≥ 25) and non-overweight (
Source: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
(Wiley) Being overweight has been linked with a higher risk of developing a form of kidney cancer called renal cell carcinoma (RCC) among adults, but it's unclear if this risk is present during adolescence. In an International Journal of Cancer study of adolescents who were followed for 37 years, researchers observed a trend for higher RCC risk with increasing body mass index during adolescence, where one-unit increase in body mass index conferred a six percent increased risk of RCC.
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news
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