ITGB4 is a novel prognostic factor in colon cancer

Integrin β4 (ITGB4) has been reported to be involved in carcinomas. Currently, ITGB4 has been characterized in colon cancer, however, its clinical significance is not very clear. In the present study, we utilized the large public datasets from NCBI Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) databases and collected clinical samples in our center to investigate the transcriptional expressions of ITGB4 in colon cancer, and then explored the associations of ITGB4 with clinicopathological features and overall survival. The statistical analyses suggested that ITGB4 mRNA expressions were up-regulated significantly in colon cancer. High ITGB4 expression was observed to be associated with elder onset age, proximal tumor location, and high microsatellite instability (MSH) status. Further, Kaplan-Meier curves and univariate analysis demonstrated high ITGB4 expression was significantly associated with unfavorable overall survival in colon cancer (HR=1.292, 95%CI=1.084-1.540, P=0.004). And significant association was also found after adjusting the confounding factors including age, gender, and stage (adjusted HR=1.254, 95%CI=1.050-1.497, P=0.012). The annotation of ITGB4 co-expressed genes suggested the pathways including cell growth, positive regulation of cell migration, and apoptotic signaling might be involved in the potential mechanisms of ITGB4 in colon cancer development. The molecular regulation mechanism of ITGB4 ectopic expression in colon cancer was a...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

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Esophageal adenocarcinoma is inflammation-associated cancer with a recognizable preneoplastic stage, Barrett’s. Barrett’s describes the metaplastic transformation of esophageal squamous mucosa into columnar epithelium that typically results secondary to mucosal damage caused by acidic gastroduodenal reflux. Continued acid reflux may then result in mucosal inflammation which results in progressive inflammation-induced genetic instability that may eventuate in esophageal adenocarcinoma. Barrett’s is the only recognized precursor lesion to esophageal carcinoma. Barrett’s mucosa is unique among preneopl...
Source: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: CLINICAL REVIEWS Source Type: research
Somatic copy number alterations (CNAs) are a hallmark of cancer, but their role in tumorigenesis and clinical relevance remain largely unclear. Here we developed CNApp, a web-based tool that allows a comprehensive exploration of CNAs by using purity-corrected segmented data from multiple genomic platforms. CNApp generates genome-wide profiles, computes CNA scores for broad, focal and global CNA burdens, and uses machine learning-based predictions to classify samples. We applied CNApp to the TCGA pan-cancer dataset of 10,635 genomes showing that CNAs classify cancer types according to their tissue-of-origin, and that each c...
Source: eLife - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Computational and Systems Biology Genetics and Genomics Source Type: research
y Grochowski Metformin (MET), 1,1-dimethylbiguanide hydrochloride, is a biguanide drug used as the first-line medication in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. The recent years have brought many observations showing metformin in its new role. The drug, commonly used in the therapy of diabetes, may also find application in the therapy of a vast variety of tumors. Its effectiveness has been demonstrated in colon, breast, prostate, pancreatic cancer, leukemia, melanoma, lung and endometrial carcinoma, as well as in gliomas. This is especially important in light of the poor options offered to patients in the case of high-gra...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Cho Kim Fos-related-antigen-1 (Fra-1), a member of the activator protein-1 (AP-1) transcription factor superfamily, has an essential role in cancer progress and metastasis and Fra-1 is considered a therapeutic target in metastatic cancer including metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). However, its regulation at protein level has not yet been clearly elucidated. We found that ubiquitin-specific protease 21 (USP21) increases Fra-1 stability by deubiquitinating Fra-1 and enhances the expression of Fra-1 target genes in colon cancer cells. We also showed that USP21 controlled Fra-1-dependent migration and invasion acti...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
ConclusionsSince this is the first such study in Balkan region, we assume that results of our study could be a good indicator of elemental alterations in colorectal cancer of Balkan population, due to similarity in lifestyle, dietary intake, pollution and exposure to toxic elements.
Source: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
This study was undertaken to determine the frequency, and the clinicopathologic and genetic features, of colon cancers driven by neurotrophic receptor tyrosine kinase (NTRK) gene fusions. Of the 7008 tumors screened for NTRK expression using a pan-Trk antibody, 16 (0.23%) had Trk immunoreactivity. ArcherDx assay detected TPM3-NTRK1 (n=9), LMNA-NTRK1 (n=3), TPR-NTRK1 (n=2) and EML4-NTRK3 (n=1) fusion transcripts in 15 cases with sufficient RNA quality. Patients were predominantly women (median age: 63 y). The tumors involved the right (n=12) and left colon unequally and were either stage T3 (n=12) or T4. Local lymph ...
Source: The American Journal of Surgical Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated the expression of BTG1 protein in colon cancer, and its association with clinicopathology and prognosis. METHODS: The tumor specimens from 59 patients with colon cancer who had undergone radical colectomy were selected as the observation group. Para-carcinoma tissues from the same patients were selected as the control group. The expression of BTG1 mRNA and protein in the specimen of two groups were analyzed by quantitative Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot. According to the immunohistochemical results, the patients were divided into BTG1-negative and BTG1-posi...
Source: Recent Patents on Anti-Cancer Drug Discovery - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Recent Pat Anticancer Drug Discov Source Type: research
A Streptomyces sp. (BRA-384) was selected among nine strains of bacteria isolated from the zoanthids Palythoa caribaeorum due to the high cytotoxic activity presented by its EtOAc extract (inhibitory concentration mean (IC50) of 2 ng mL-1) against colon cancer cell line. From the EtOAc extract of BRA-384 three new chemical entities (A6, A7 and A8) and one dextrorotatory chromomycin (A5), a promising class of anticancer compounds, were identified. The cytotoxicity of chromomycins A5 to A8 was tested against five tumor cell lines (HCT 116 (human colon adenocarcinoma), MCF-7 (human breast carcinoma), PC-3M (human metastatic p...
Source: Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
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Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Early clinical results are encouraging, but tumor-specific, prospective, randomized trials are needed to compare pressurized intraperitoneal aerosol chemotherapy to systemic chemotherapy. This method has yet to be introduced to the United States. It is another therapeutic option for patients with peritoneal metastases and will broaden the patient base for future clinical trials.
Source: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Current Status Source Type: research
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