Knockdown of long non-coding RNA PCAT-1 inhibits myeloma cell growth and drug resistance via p38 and JNK MAPK pathways

Conclusion: This study identified a novel lncRNA-associated mechanism underlying MM carcinogenesis, and provided clinicians with a promising therapeutic target in MM.
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

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After the Twin Towers fell on Sept. 11, 2001, the thousands of people involved in rescue-and-cleanup efforts were exposed to carcinogens and other toxins as they breathed in contaminated air and dug through industrial rubble. Studies completed since then have shown elevated rates of conditions including multiple myeloma, prostate cancer and thyroid cancer among 9/11 responders and those who worked near the site. A new study published Jan. 14 in the journal JNCI Cancer Spectrum adds another to that list: leukemia. “After about 12 years of follow-up, there was an increase in the rate of all cancers combined, and separa...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Cancer Research Source Type: news
ConclusionsMaxillofacial manifestation of bone metastasis is common but is often overlooked. Therefore, it should be considered in the differential diagnosis when a patient with a history of antiresorptive medications presents with a gingival mass and/or exophytic bone. Good clinical judgment and well-timed bone biopsy and diagnostic imaging can lead to the correct diagnosis and optimal treatment.
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Conclusions: Patients with IPF had a higher risk for various types of cancer incidence compared to matched control cohort. Greater attention should be paid to cancer development and screening in patients with IPF.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Idiopathic interstitial pneumonias Source Type: research
The proteasome deubiquitinase inhibitor bAP15 downregulates TGF-β/Smad signaling and induces apoptosis via UCHL5 inhibition in ovarian cancer. Oncotarget. 2019 Oct 15;10(57):5932-5948 Authors: Fukui S, Nagasaka K, Miyagawa Y, Kikuchi-Koike R, Kawata Y, Kanda R, Ichinose T, Sugihara T, Hiraike H, Wada-Hiraike O, Sasajima Y, Ayabe T Abstract The ubiquitin-proteasome pathway plays an important role in the regulation of cellular proteins. As an alternative to the proteasome itself, recent research has focused on methods to modulate the regulation of deubiquitinating enzymes (DUBs) upstream of the prot...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur study suggests that the ZA use was associated with a decreased risk of SRE for patients with SRE history. However, no preventive effects of ZA were observed for patients without history.
Source: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: In a real-world setting, the QLQ-C30 summary score has a strong prognostic value for overall survival for a number of populations of patients with cancer above and beyond that provided by clinical and sociodemographic variables. The QLQ-C30 summary score appears to have more prognostic value than the global QoL, physical functioning, or any other scale within the QLQ-C30. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The finding that health-related quality of life provides distinct prognostic information beyond known sociodemographic and clinical measures, not only around cancer diagnosis (baseline) but also at follow-up, ha...
Source: The Oncologist - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Oncologist Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Short-term and long-term improvements in functional outcomes and QoL were observed after surgical treatment of spinal metastases. Surgery is a good option for patients with an estimated life expectancy of more than 3 months. PMID: 31594268 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Technology and Health Care - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Technol Health Care Source Type: research
In this study, we used large-scale electronic health records data from multiple linked UK databases to address these evidence gaps.MethodsFor this population-based cohort study, we used linked primary care, hospital, and cancer registry data from the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink to identify cohorts of survivors of the 20 most common cancers who were 18 years or older and alive 12 months after diagnosis and controls without history of cancer, matched for age, sex, and general practice. We compared risks for a range of cardiovascular disease outcomes using crude and adjusted Cox models. We fitted interactions to in...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
The objective is, therefore, to examine the relation between co-morbid CVD at cancer diagnosis and HRQoL among cancer survivors diagnosed with colorectal, thyroid, prostate, endometrium, ovarian cancer, melanoma, (non-)Hodgkin lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), or multiple myeloma (MM) in an exploratory population-based cross-sectional study. Material and methods: Analyses were performed on combined data sets from the PROFILES and Netherlands Cancer Registry (NCR). Data on co-morbid CVD at cancer diagnosis was extracted from the NCR. HRQoL was measured via PROFILES at a median of 4.6 years after cancer di...
Source: Acta Oncologica - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Acta Oncol Source Type: research
ConclusionThe incidences of multiple SREs in BC- or PC-induced bone metastasis or MM in this 12-year South Korean cohort were slightly higher than those in European countries. Our study provided real-world evidence that patients with BC- or PC-induced bone metastasis or MM are at high risk of SRE.
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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