Susceptibility of Toxoplasma gondii to Ethanolic Extract of Tinospora crispa in Vero Cells.

Conclusion: This in vitro study showed that the EETC contains promising phytochemicals effective against T. gondii and safe to the host cells. PMID: 31827548 [PubMed]
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research

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In this study, we aimed to investigate phlebovirus and Leishmania parasites circulating in a focus of zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis (ZVL) located in a highly irrigated area within the arid Central Tunisia, known mainly to be endemic for zoonotic cutaenous leishmaniasis (ZCL) caused Leishmania major and transmitted by Phlebotomus papatasi. Sand flies were collected using CDC light traps in the village of Saddaguia, an emergent focus of ZVL located in Central Tunisia during September-October 2014, 2015, and 2016. Pools of live female sand flies were screened for phleboviruses and Leishmania by nested PCR in the polymerase ...
Source: Acta Tropica - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Acta Trop Source Type: research
Conclusions/SignificanceThis study established satisfactory results inLeishmania parasite clearing bothin-vivo andin-vitro. Therefore,U.dioica extract can be considered as an effective and harmless herbal compound for killing the parasite without toxicity to the host macrophages. Furthermore, it also can treat the CL by switching the mouse immune response towards a cell-mediated response (Th1); hence, it may be identified as a perfect therapeutic herbal drug for CL treatment.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
This study provides information about the spread of the parasite in dogs in Spain since its initial description in 2010 until 2018. The first detection of T. callipaeda in the Principality of Andorra in 2017 is also reported. Two different studies were conducted: a) a survey in which clinical cases from veterinary practices were collected and b) a prevalence study in two endemic areas in western and central Spain (Site 1 La Vera region, Cáceres, Site 2 El Escorial municipality, Madrid). In total, 1114 cases of thelaziosis were detected in 121 municipalities of Spain and 6 municipalities of Andorra. In 92 out ...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Conclusion: This study demonstrated the natural infection of H. auritus with L. major for the first time in Damghan City and introduced these mammals as new potential reservoirs of ZCL in the study area. PMID: 31879672 [PubMed]
Source: Iranian Journal of Arthropod-Borne Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Arthropod Borne Dis Source Type: research
Authors: Gabriel Á, Valério-Bolas A, Palma-Marques J, Mourata-Gonçalves P, Ruas P, Dias-Guerreiro T, Santos-Gomes G Abstract This review is aimed at providing a comprehensive outline of the immune response displayed against cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL), the more common zoonotic infection caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Leishmania. Although of polymorphic clinical presentation, classically CL is characterized by leishmaniotic lesions on the face and extremities of the patients, which can be ulcerative, and even after healing can lead to permanent injuries and disfigurement, affecting ...
Source: Journal of Immunology Research - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: J Immunol Res Source Type: research
Authors: Panteleev V, Nartaylakov M, Mustafin A, Abdeyev R, Salimgareyev I, Samorodov A, Musharapov D Abstract Parasitic liver zoonoses are endemic to some regions of Russia as well as to Mediterranean countries, Australia, New Zealand, South America, and the Indian subcontinent. However, the available data on the surgical treatment of patients with parasitic liver diseases are often contradictory, and such treatments remain a difficult task today. The effectiveness of surgical treatment was analyzed in 628 patients with echinococcosis and 58 patients with liver alveococcosis managed at the Republican Clinical Hosp...
Source: Infezioni in Medicina - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Infez Med Source Type: research
Abhishek Banerjee, Elampavai Elangovan, Kumar Shankar Mitra, Alangkar SahaJournal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology 2019 23(3):418-421 Hydatid cyst is a parasitic infestation by tapeworm Echinococcus. This endemic disease is prevalent in the Middle East and Southeast Asian populations. This zoonotic disease is mainly transmitted by cattle and dogs. Few studies have been reported in the head-and-neck region. There are very few isolated cases have been reported within the oral cavity region. No case until now has been isolated from the labial mucosa. We now present one such case here.
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Source Type: research
[Epidemiology of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Algeria through Molecular Characterization]. Bull Soc Pathol Exot. 2019;112(3):147-152 Authors: Bachi F, Icheboudene K, Benzitouni A, Taharboucht Z, Zemmouri M Abstract Three distinct noso-epidemiological cutaneous leishmaniasis (LC) entities coexist in Algeria: the so-called sporadic form of the North (LCN), the zoonotic form (LCZ) and the chronic form (LCC). The precise identification of the parasitic species involved in each of the forms makes it possible to specify the geographical distribution of each of the forms raised, to distinguish their c...
Source: Bulletin de la Societe de Pathologie Exotique - Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: Bull Soc Pathol Exot Source Type: research
Abstract Balantidium coli (B. coli) is an emerging ciliated protozoan parasite of zoonotic importance which causes a disease balantidiasis in a variety of host species including pigs, camels, ruminants, equines and even human. This disease has a cosmopolitan distribution with high prevalence rates in tropical and sub-tropical areas of the world due to favorable geo-climatic conditions for the development and survival of the parasite in these regions. Main reservoir hosts for this pathogen are pigs and animals; acquire infection mainly by the ingestion of the food or water contaminated with the porcine feces. The i...
Source: Acta Tropica - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Acta Trop Source Type: research
ConclusionHydatid cyst is one of the differential diagnoses of any cystic lesion in patients from an endemic areas of hydatid disease. Hydatid cysts of the female pelvic organs may be diagnosed initially as ovarian cyst, ovarian tumor, or pelvic infection. Most of the cases are diagnosed during surgery which is the main treatment modality; anthelminthic medications may help to decrease the recurrence rate.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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