Enhancement of Endometrial Receptivity by Cnidium officinale through Expressing LIF and Integrins.

In this study, we investigated the effect of the roots of Cnidium officinale Makino (CoM) on endometrial receptivity in both in vitro and in vivo model of embryo implantation. We found that CoM enhanced the adhesion of JAr cells to Ishikawa cells by stimulating expression of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and integrins. In addition, blocking of LIFR using hLA or neutralization of integrins αV, β3, and β5 using antibodies significantly reduced the enhanced adhesion between JAr cell and CoM-treated Ishikawa cells, indicating that LIF and integrin play an important role in trophoblast-endometrium adhesion for embryo implantation. Furthermore, we identified that CoM significantly improved the implantation rate of blastocysts in the mouse model of RU-induced implantation failure. By collecting these results, here, we suggest that CoM has a therapeutic potential against female infertility associated with decreased endometrial receptivity. PMID: 31827559 [PubMed]
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research

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A 35-year-old female patient with chronic myeloid leukemia wanted to have a child. She had been treated with imatinib and had achieved major molecular remission, after which imatinib was intentionally discontinued and interferon- α treatment was initiated. After three failed cycles of artificial insemination with her husband’s semen, the patient underwent treatment with assisted reproductive technology. After two cycles ofin vitro fertilization, two embryos (8-cell stage and blastocyst) were cryopreserved. The patient again had elevatedBCR/ABL mRNA levels; thus, infertility treatment was discontinued. After 18 ...
Source: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
Ann Hope, 39, from Billingham in Teesside, developed extreme fatigue, aching muscles and breathlessness in March 2016. She claims several GPs told her it was just a virus.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
ConclusionThis study has demonstrated that SSCs from infant boys possess the capacity for in vitro proliferation and advance a fertility preservation strategy for pre-pubertal boys who may otherwise lose their fertility.
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
AbstractA balanced robertsonian translocation (rob) results from fusion of 2 acrocentric chromosomes. Carriers are phenotypically normal and are often diagnosed because of recurrent miscarriages, infertility, or aneuploid offspring. Mortality and site-specific cancer risks in carriers have not been prospectively investigated. We followed 1,987 carriers diagnosed in Great Britain for deaths and cancer risk, over an average of 24.1 years. Standardized mortality and incidence ratios were calculated comparing the number of observed events against population rates. Overall mortality was higher for carriers diagnosed before age ...
Source: American Journal of Epidemiology - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 May 2019Source: Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and LeukemiaAuthor(s): Kamal Kant Sahu, Akil Adrian Sherif, Ajay Kumar Mishra, Amos Lal, Abijai SinghAbstractMyeloid sarcoma usually involves lymph nodes, and head and neck regions. Uncommon sites like testis and ovary are rarely involved and pose a diagnostic challenge. Nonspecific findings, difficulty in retrieving biopsy specimens, and associated infertility are few of the hurdles faced during diagnosis and treatment of testicular myeloid sarcoma. Our review is an attempt to study myeloid sarcoma involving testis.
Source: Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and Leukemia - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionsWe recommend developing collaborative initiatives to build a regional repository of systematically assessed health outcomes and biospecimens to investigate treatment, social-environmental and genetic predictors, and interventions for late effects in this population.Implications for Cancer SurvivorsThe existing types of chronic health problems identified in this review suggest the need for active screening, better access to survivorship care, and promotion of protective health behavior in Asia.
Source: Journal of Cancer Survivorship - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In this study, we reviewed major human studies on the health risks of radiation exposure and showed that sex-related factors may potentially influence the long-term response to radiation exposure. Available data suggest that long-term radiosensitivity in women is higher than that in men who receive a comparable dose of radiation. The report on the biological effects of ionizing radiation (BEIR VII) published in 2006 by the National Academy of Sciences, United States emphasized that women may be at significantly greater risk of suffering and dying from radiation-induced cancer than men exposed to the same dose of radiation....
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Conclusion and Perspectives The ARE has been studied for a long time, and about 20 ARE-BPs have been identified since discovery of first ARE-BP, AUF1 (Brewer, 1991; Garcia-Maurino et al., 2017). The specific target mRNAs for different ARE-BPs, as well as their molecular functions on these mRNAs, and contribution of this regulation to specific biological processes are gradually being uncovered. However, with a few exceptions, the molecular mechanisms used by ARE-BPs to regulate their targets are still unknown. In particular, the mechanism to recognize and control specific targets from the large number of transcripts t...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Alla S. Koltsova1,2, Anna A. Pendina1, Olga A. Efimova1*, Olga G. Chiryaeva1, Tatyana V. Kuznetzova1 and Vladislav S. Baranov1,2 1D.O. Ott Research Institute of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductology, Saint Petersburg, Russia 2Department of Genetics and Biotechnology, Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia In the present review, we focus on the phenomenon of chromothripsis, a new type of complex chromosomal rearrangements. We discuss the challenges of chromothripsis detection and its distinction from other chromoanagenesis events. Along with already known causes and mechanisms, we introdu...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Saeed Nourmohammadi1†, Thazin Nwe Aung2†, Jian Cui2, Jinxin V. Pei1, Michael Lucio De Ieso1, Yuka Harata-Lee2, Zhipeng Qu2, David L. Adelson2* and Andrea J. Yool1* 1Adelaide Medical School, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia 2Department of Molecular and Biomedical Science, School of Biological Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia Traditional Chinese Medicines are promising sources of new agents for controlling cancer metastasis. Compound Kushen Injection (CKI), prepared from medicinal plants Sophora flavescens and Heterosmilax chinensis, disrupts cell cycle...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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