Psychosocial interventions for people with both severe mental illness and substance misuse.

CONCLUSIONS: We included 41 RCTs but were unable to use much data for analyses. There is currently no high-quality evidence to support any one psychosocial treatment over standard care for important outcomes such as remaining in treatment, reduction in substance use or improving mental or global state in people with serious mental illnesses and substance misuse. Furthermore, methodological difficulties exist which hinder pooling and interpreting results. Further high-quality trials are required which address these concerns and improve the evidence in this important area. PMID: 31829430 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: This post hoc analysis confirmed that patients with SZ + AUD had a worse illness course than patients with SZ-only and suggests that olanzapine may be associated with a longer time to first and recurrent exacerbations versus other antipsychotics in this difficult-to-treat population. Further research is needed to identify effective treatments for this important yet understudied patient population. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00014001. PMID: 32220153 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Clin Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Presence of MI appears to be the most important in influencing participant attitudes about perceived risk of criminality, though type of MI may influence beliefs about severity of future crimes. The impact of race could not be examined but should be examined in future studies. PMID: 32208898 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research
Men and women experience schizophrenia differently; from the age of onset to symptoms and how society treats those with mental disorders.  Schizophrenic, Rachel Star Withers and co-host Gabe Howard continue the discussion of the differences from the last episode but change the focus to men.  Jason Jepson, an author who has schizophrenia joins for a man’s perspective and Dr. Hayden Finch returns to explain the clinical side of the issues. Highlights in “Schizophrenia in Men” Episode [01:30] Age of onset [04:00] Symptoms in men vs women [05:00] Interview with Jason Jepson [07:30] Jason discusses ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Inside Schizophrenia Men's Issues Psychiatry Psychology Living With Schizophrenia Mental Disorder Mental Health Mental Illness Symptoms Of Schizophrenia Source Type: blogs
Introduction: The ziprasidone analogue lurasidone is approved for the treatment of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder for adults and children older than 10  years. Small studies and case reports suggest lurasidone overdose is not generally associate...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
CONCLUSION: Our nationwide cohort study demonstrated that INF nontreatment rate was lower in certain mental disorders. Antidepressant exposure might lower the chance of receiving IFN treatment. Our results may help to identify and to overcome the obstacles for HCV treatment and further apply to DAAs regimen. PMID: 32151125 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Psychiatry Investigation - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry Investig Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: OLZ/SAM was not superior to olanzapine in the time to EEDS and was well tolerated in patients with schizophrenia and AUD. Further research is needed to identify effective treatments for this difficult-to-treat population. TRIAL REGISTRATIONS: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02161718; EudraCT number: 2014-001211-39 ‚Äč. PMID: 32160422 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Clin Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Postoperative delirium was not associated with change in muscle strength. Follow-up studies using other muscle measures may be needed. PMID: 32114617 [PubMed - in process]
Source: American Journal of Critical Care - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Am J Crit Care Source Type: research
The use of alcohol or drug(s) prior to self-injury is a possible inducing factor for suicidal self-injuries among patients with adjustment disorder. We analyzed the cases of 175 individuals who were admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of Tokyo Medica...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
Authors: Takeuchi T, Okumura Y, Ichikura K Abstract The use of alcohol or drug(s) prior to self-injury is a possible inducing factor for suicidal self-injuries among patients with adjustment disorder. We analyzed the cases of 175 individuals who were admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of Tokyo Medical and Dental University Medical Hospital for suicidal self-injury to determine whether alcohol consumption or an excessive use of prescribed psychotropic medications prior to self-injury is more common in patients with adjustment disorder. During a 7-year period (July 2006 to June 2013) following their deliberate...
Source: Acta Medica Okayama - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Med Okayama Source Type: research
Conditions:   Psychosis;   Substance Use;   Substance Use Disorders;   Family;   Tobacco Use;   Nicotine Use Disorder;   Cigarette Smoking;   Vaping;   Cannabis;   Marijuana;   Alcohol Use Disorder;   Alcohol;   Schizophrenia;   Schizoaffective Disorder;   Bipolar Disorder;   Mental  Disorder Interventions:   Behavioral: CRAFT-F;   Behavioral: CRAFT-FT Sponsors:   Mclean Hospital;   National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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