Influence of a heat and moisture exchanger with a microbiological filter on measurements of maximal respiratory pressures and vital capacity in patients with COPD

Conclusions: Robotic pulmonary resection proved to be a safe treatment for lung cancer. Longer follow-up periods are required in order to assess long-term survival.RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever morbidade, mortalidade e completude da ressec ção associadas à cirurgia robótica para o tratamento de câncer de pulmão não pequenas células no Brasil, assim como sobrevida global e sobrevida livre de doença. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo incluindo pacientes com diagnóstico de carcinoma pulmonar de células não pequenas submetidos à ressecção anatômica por cirurgia robótica em seis hospitais brasileiros entre fevereiro de 2015 e julho de 2018. Os dados foram coletados retrospectivamente de prontuários eletrônicos. Resultados: Foram incluídos 154 pacientes. A média de idade foi de 65,0 ± 9,5 anos (variação: 30-85 an os). Adenocarcinoma foi o principal tipo histológico, em 128 pacientes (81,5%), seguido por carcinoma epidermoide, em 14 (9,0%). Lobectomia foi o tipo de cirurgia mais frequente, em 133 pacientes (86,3%), seguida por segmentectomia anatômica, em 21 (13,7%). A média de tempo operatório foi de 209 + 80 min. Complicações pós-operatórias ocorreram em 32 pacientes (20,4%). Fístula aérea foi a principal complicação, em 15 pacientes (9,...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

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ConclusionHigh levels of lifestyle-related cancer-risk behaviors were found in most of the Hong Kong construction workers studied. The present study contributes to understanding how cancer-related lifestyle risk behaviors cluster among construction workers and relative impact factors of risk behaviors. It is essential to tailor health behavior interventions focused on multiple risk behaviors among different groups for further enlarging the effects on cancer prevention.
Source: Safety and Health at Work - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
We report one case, in which the patient presented to the emergency department with lower urinary tract symptoms, fever and consumptive syndrome. Acute prostatitis was initially suspected, but subsequently prostate adenocarcinoma was diagnosed.This case enables us to consider the possibility of prostate adenocarcinoma as the diagnose in patients with fever of unknown origin, and the role of procalcitonin to rule out the presence of infection.
Source: Urology Case Reports - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 January 2020Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Charalampos Fragkoulis, Georgios Papadopoulos, Konstantinos Ntoumas
Source: European Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 January 2020Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Jae Heon Kim, In Gab Jeong
Source: European Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 January 2020Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Chang Wook Jeong, Samuel L. Washington, Annika Herlemann, Scarlett L. Gomez, Peter R. Carroll, Matthew R. CooperbergAbstractBackgroundActive surveillance (AS)/watchful waiting (WW) strategy for localized prostate cancer (PCa) is increasingly and broadly endorsed as a preferred option for initial treatment of men with very low- and low-risk PCa, but outcomes can be difficult to analyze in traditional, population-based registries. The recently released Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Prostate with WW dataset provides an op...
Source: European Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
INTRODUCTION: Brazil has one of the highest traffic accident rates in the world. Cargo vehicles are the second most common type of vehicle involved in these accidents. Driving under the influence of drugs increases the risk of truck drivers being involved ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
ConclusionsElderly patients had the same management as young patients, with no difference in surgery or survival, but with an increase in early loss of autonomy.
Source: Journal of Visceral Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 January 2020Source: European Journal of Surgical OncologyAuthor(s): Isacco Montroni, Nicole M. Saur
Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology (EJSO) - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionIn this experimental model, combined therapy with chemotherapy and Adv-shPGK1 improves control of PM of gastric origin as compared to chemotherapy alone and might counteract chemoresistance of PM. A systemic toxicity of Adv-shPGK1 cannot be excluded.
Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology (EJSO) - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 January 2020Source: Pulmonary Pharmacology &TherapeuticsAuthor(s): Vicente Benavides-Cordoba, Sebastian Aviles, Camila Asc.ar, Lina Orozco, Ricardo Mosquera, Julian RiveraAbstractIntroductionLong-acting bronchodilators are the therapy with the best evidence for treating stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Long-acting combinations of β2 agonists and anticholinergics (LABA-LAMA) are recommended in advanced stages when monotherapy has not generated the desired effects. Pulmonary Rehabilitation (PR) is an effective non-pharmacological strategy. The aim of this stu...
Source: Pulmonary Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
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