The pivotal role of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 in diabetes-induced endothelial dysfunction

Publication date: Available online 12 December 2019Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): Karan Naresh Amin, Elango Bhakkiyalakshmi, Jayasuriya Ravichandran, D.V.L. Sarada, Ramkumar Kunka MohanramAbstractEndothelial dysfunction (ED) is a key event in the onset and progression of vascular complications associated with diabetes. Regulation of endothelial function and the underlying signaling mechanisms in the progression of diabetes-induced vascular complications have been well established. Recent studies indicate that increased oxidative stress is an important determinant of endothelial injury and patients with hypertension display ED mediated by impaired Nitric Oxide (NO) availability. Further, oxidative stress is known to be associated with inflammation and ED in vascular remodeling and diabetes-associated hypertension. Numerous strategies have been developed to improve the function of endothelial cells and increasing number of evidences highlight the indispensable role of antioxidants in modulation of endothelium-dependent vasodilation responses. Nuclear factor Erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), is the principal transcriptional regulator, that is central in mediating oxidative stress signal response. Having unequivocally established the relationship between T2DM and oxidative stress, the pivotal role of Nrf2/Keap1/ARE network, has taken the center stage as target for developing therapies towards maintaining the cellular redox environment. Several activators of Nrf2 ar...
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Related Links:

Conclusion: There was a high prevalence of MetS and abnormal ECG among the studied population. Abnormal ECG findings were more common in men with no differential association in people with or without MetS. However, a significant association existed between certain components of MetS and ECG abnormalities in men only. Male gender and HDLc were independent predictors of ECG Abnormalities.Keyword: Electrocardiography, metabolic syndrome, africans.
Source: African Health Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research
Background: Non-communicable diseases (NCD) are of international public health concern. Of more concern are people living with HIV (PLHIV), who have the increased risk of developing NCDs, such as hypertension, stroke and diabetes. Research has revealed that there is a relationship between knowledge of NCD risk factors and risk perceptions in the general population. Therefore, an assessment of PLHIV ’s NCD risk factors knowledge is quite critical, to design effective NCD prevention programmes.Objective: To assess the level of knowledge of modifiable risk factors for NCDs and its associated factors among adults living ...
Source: African Health Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research
Recurrent stroke is becoming an increasingly important public health issue owing to the increased risk of disability and death. However, population-based studies investigating the rate of recurrent stroke in China are rare. We explored the rate and determinants of recurrent stroke within 1 and 5 years after the initial stroke in a rural population in China. Data for stroke events were obtained from the Tianjin Brain Study, conducted between 1992 and 2016. The age-standardized rates of recurrent stroke within the first year and the first 5 years after the initial stroke were calculated for this period. Determinants of recur...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The novel Genoss DES™ stent exhibited excellent safety and efficacy in real-world practice. PMID: 31960640 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Korean Circulation Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Korean Circ J Source Type: research
We report a case of malignant non-neural-type GCT in the lungs.A 77-year-old woman felt chest discomfort and dyspnea in July 2019. She had never smoked and had no medical history other than hypertension and diabetes mellitus.She was initially evaluated at a local hospital. Flexible bronchoscopy showed total occlusion of the right main bronchus by a mass-like lesion. Biopsy of the mass lesion revealed chronic inflammation. The patient visited for re-evaluation in September 2019. Rigid bronchoscopy showed worsening of the total obstruction of the right main bronchus by a tumor mass, such that the carina was not visible. Addi...
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 January 2020Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): Giuseppe De Luca, Monica Verdoia, Stefano Savonitto, Luca A. Ferri, Luigi Piatti, Daniele Grosseto, Nuccia Morici, Irene Bossi, Paolo Sganzerla, Giovanni Tortorella, Michele Cacucci, Maurizio Ferrario, Ernesto Murena, Girolamo Sibilio, Stefano Tondi, Anna Toso, Sergio Bongioanni, Amelia Ravera, Elena Corrada, Matteo MarianiAbstractBackgroundElderly patients are at increased risk of hemorrhagic and thrombotic complications after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Frailty, comorbilities and low body weight hav...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Authors: BaHammam AS, Almeneessier AS Abstract Previous studies have assessed the role of gender and menopause in Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). It is well known that menopause is a major risk factor for OSA. However, analogous studies on obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome (OHS) are limited. Recent studies have suggested that OHS is more prevalent in postmenopausal women. Moreover, women with OHS seem to have excess comorbidities, including hypothyroidism, hypertension, pulmonary hypertension, and diabetes mellitus, compared to men. In the present perspective, we discuss recent data on the prevalence and comorbiditie...
Source: Open Respiratory Medicine Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Open Respir Med J Source Type: research
75 years old patient, with controlled diabetes and hypertension, very fit. he underwent in 2009, a radical prostatectomy followed 30 fractions of adjuvant 3D conformal radiation therapy to the prostatic bed only. in 2018: PSA rise to 2.16 2019: PSA 2.16 Pet PSMA showed a 7 mm LN at the level of L4-5 secondary lesion, with no recurrence in the tumor bed, neither in bone or other LNs. He was put on decapeptyl + casodex. please vote the poll
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Radiation Oncology Source Type: forums
ConclusionThe CAPACITY HFpEF trial will provide data on short-term safety and efficacy of praliciguat on peak exercise capacity, as well as multiple secondary endpoints of submaximal functional capacity, patient-reported outcomes, and biomarkers.
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
ConclusionBoth WHtR and BMI were important predictors of NCD prevalence. These findings can contribute to the validity of the WHtR in clinical application and encourage the use of these anthropometric indices in clinical settings.
Source: Journal of Public Health - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
More News: Antidoxidants | Clinical Trials | Diabetes | Drugs & Pharmacology | Endocrinology | Environmental Health | Hypertension | Study