Prevalence of Errors in Anaphylaxis in Kids (PEAK): A Multicenter Simulation-Based Study

ConclusionsA multicenter, international study of simulated pediatric anaphylaxis reveals (1) variation in management between institutions in the use of protocols, cognitive aids, and medication formularies, (2) frequent errors involving epinephrine, and (3) latent safety threats related to cognitive aids among multiple sites.
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

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Conclusion: It is argued that the validity of all theory should not be assumed before sufficient empirical evidence has accumulated to support its validity across contexts. However, caution is required, to avoid the consequences of an unquestioning approach to empiricism.Keywords: Pseudoscience; denialism; medical practice; medical theory; empiricism.
Source: African Health Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research
Conclusion: Conclusively, intervention programmes should evolve enlightenment through television, movies, and educational programs that incorporate the ill effects of discrimination and stigma so as to boost self-esteem of PLHIV.Keywords: Intervention; psychological health; poverty; pocial isolation.
Source: African Health Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research
Conclusion: This study has unraveled the factors that are associated with testing and counseling in institutional facilities. University students seem to seek and utilize VCT services for different reasons. It is also clear that patterns of services utilization vary from group to another as observed in the case of year of study, gender and age category.Recommendations: It is necessary for policy makers in institutions of higher learning together with those tasked with managing healthcare services in these institutions to adopt approaches that will overcome the barriers to utilization of VCT services among students. With kn...
Source: African Health Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research
AbstractData from repeated, national behavioural HIV surveillance was used to identify similarities and differences between young gay and bisexual men (YGBM) aged 16 –24 (n = 1608) and older GBM aged 25–49 (n = 6266), in order to quantify risks and identify gaps in HIV prevention. Trend analyses from 2014 to 2018 are also reported. While there were similar rates of condomless anal intercourse with casual partners in both age groups, YGBM had lower ra tes of HIV testing and PrEP use but also fewer male partners. Our results suggest most YGBM have lower HIV risk than older GBM but a mi...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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Source: AIDS Care - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
Cases of a novel pneumonia-like illness that originated in Wuhan, China in December have now been confirmed in South Korea, Thailand, Japan, Taiwan, Macau—and, as of Jan. 21, the U.S. The virus’ geographic reach, as well as its newly discovered ability to spread via person-to-person contact, has health officials worried about the prospect of globals spread. As health officials scramble to learn more about the virus and is origins, researchers are simultaneously turning to the question of how to develop a vaccine or therapy that could help contain transmission worldwide—a feat that experts say is technical...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Infectious Disease Source Type: news
Conclusion and RelevanceA multicenter, international study of simulated pediatric anaphylaxis reveals: 1) variation in management between institutions in usage of protocols, cognitive aids, and medication formularies, 2) frequent errors involving epinephrine, 3) LSTs related to cognitive aids among multiple sites.
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
The EpiPen, an easy-to-use injectable shot filled with medicine that can stop a life-threatening allergic reaction, has increased in price from about $100 for a pack of two pens in 2009 to over $600 this year. Pharmaceutical company Mylan purchased the rights to the pen back in 2007, and it appears that they’ve taken a page from “pharma bro” Martin Shkreli and re-priced their newly acquired product. That is, they’ve spiked prices for no apparent research and development reason related to the product, except perhaps to make up for the tens of millions of dollars they’ve spent on TV commercials ...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - Category: Science Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: It is difficult to forecast the course of the reaction based on the causative factor, for anaphylactic reaction is characterised by a great individual changeability and intensity of the first symptoms. PMID: 26050978 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Pneumonol Alergol Pol Source Type: research
Abstract BackgroundCurrent anaphylaxis action plans (AAP's) are based on written instructions without inclusion of pictograms. ObjectivesTo develop an AAP with pictorial aids and to prospectively validate the pictogram components of this plan. MethodsParticipants recruited from the Emergency Department and Allergy Clinic participated in a questionnaire to validate pictograms depicting key counseling points of an anaphylactic reaction. Children ≥ 10 years of age and caregivers of children
Source: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Original Source Type: research
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