Modulation of sensitization processes in the management of pain and the importance of descending pathways: a role for tapentadol?

Conclusions: According to these characteristics, tapentadol appears suitable in the treatment of chronic pain conditions characterized by both a nociceptive and a neuropathic component, such as osteoarthritis or back pain. PMID: 31822137 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research

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a Cruz Diane Liu Eduardo Bruera Palliative care is seeing cancer patients earlier in the disease trajectory with a multitude of chronic issues. Chronic non-malignant pain (CNMP) in cancer patients is under-studied. In this prospective study, we examined the prevalence and management of CNMP in cancer patients seen at our supportive care clinic for consultation. We systematically characterized each pain type with the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI) and documented current treatments. The attending physician made the pain diagnoses according to the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) task force classific...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
The TV ad promises pain relief for knee osteoarthritis, the source of most of the 600,000 knee replacement surgeries performed in the US each year. A man in a bowling alley winces with pain. He nearly falls as he rolls a ball into the gutter. (Did I mention the arrow sticking out of his knee?) “Knee acting up again?” asks his buddy, clearly concerned. When pain pills don’t seem to help, his buddy suggests a procedure called Coolief for knee osteoarthritis. “I had it done six months ago,” says the bowling buddy. “And the best part is that it lasts up to one year.” What is Coolief? C...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Arthritis Bones and joints Osteoarthritis Pain Management Tests and procedures Source Type: blogs
ConclusionNo patient was newly prescribed Versatis ® during their admission. The MMP directive for the prescribing of Versatis® influenced prescribing practice across our hospital sites. Community practice for prescribing off-label is still evident for chronic pain, reflecting the difficulty of pain control in older adults. The cost of individual plasters increased by 0.88€ since 2017.
Source: Age and Ageing - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
Acupuncture might help to reduce opioid use49 for pain management because it has been shown to have clinical effects on several prevalent chronic pain conditions75,76 including osteoarthritis of the knee,78 chronic back pain,10 tension-type headache52 and migraine,45 with effect sizes comparable to other common pharmacological opioid alternatives.7 In addition, acupuncture has shown to be relatively safe,48,79 and it is used by patients.17 It has also been shown to be cost-effective within accepted thresholds.
Source: The Journal of Pain - Category: Materials Science Authors: Source Type: research
We present a 71-year-old Caucasian non-Hispanic male who presented with chronic left knee pain after undergoing a total knee arthroplasty (TKA) 18  months prior. Following his TKA, he reported doing well in the acute post-operative period but began to develop progressively worsening left knee pain at approximately the third post-operative week. He underwent a successful spinal cord stimulator (SCS) trial and subsequent implantation of two 16- contact Boston Scientific leads with a Boston Scientific Spectra WaveWriterTM SCS system. Upon first post-procedural follow-up, and moreover at his 6-month follow-up, the patient...
Source: Pain and Therapy - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsMore than half of Medicaid beneficiaries receiving an opioid for pain management do so for orthopedic- and dental-related reasons, with emergency department providers more likely to prescribe opioids. Modifications to the guidelines addressing temporary acute pain management practices with opioids would be likely to benefit emergency department providers the most.
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Conclusions: Ochronosis is a very rare disease in Asia. This paper supplies new information for study of this disease. The mechanism is still unknown right now. Further studies will be necessary.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Conclusion: These findings support the hypothesis that in FM a deteriorated function of cortical inhibition, indexed by a higher SICI parameter, a lower function of the DPMS, together with a higher level of BDNF indicate that FM has different pathological substrates from depression. They suggest that an up-regulation phenomenon of intracortical inhibitory networks associated with a disruption of the DPMS function occurs in FM. Introduction Major depressive disorder (MDD) and fibromyalgia (FM) present overlapped symptoms. Although the connection between these two disorders has not been elucidated yet, the disruption...
Source: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Conclusion: The present study suggests that the extract of LMZ attenuates CFA-induced inflammatory pain by suppressing the ERK1/2 and NF-κB signaling pathway at both peripheral and central level. Introduction Pain is one of the most common symptoms in clinical practice, and inflammatory pain is the most important type of pain (Patapoutian et al., 2009). Inflammatory pain is a growing global health problem. In generally, there is a common course of progression in inflammation and pain share. When patients experience inflammation, they may develop hyperalgesia or allodynia to various mechanical, thermal, or che...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Research from 2018 produced several high-quality studies in CVD but also spanned the breadth of primary care including pediatrics, women's health, and pain management, among other areas. PMID: 30979756 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Canadian Family Physician Medecin de Famille Canadien - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Can Fam Physician Source Type: research
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