Planar single plane area determination is a viable substitute for total volumetry of CSF and brain in childhood hydrocephalus

ConclusionPlanar area determination of brain and CSF correlates excellently with both VCSF and VBrain. Thus, areas can serve as a surrogate marker for total brain and CSF volumes for a quantitated objective tracking of changes during treatment of childhood hydrocephalus.
Source: Acta Neurochirurgica - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 18 January 2020Source: IDCasesAuthor(s): Shawn Gerstein, Pranisha Gautam-Goyal, Sameer GoyalAbstractListeria monocytogenes is a gram-positive bacillus known to cause various human infections including central nervous system infections. The most common central nervous system manifestations are meningitis and rhomboencephalitis, however rare complications including hydrocephalus and intracerebral hemorrhage can occur and are associated with increased mortality and incidence of lasting neurologic sequelae. The mortality ranges from 17 % to greater than 30% in patients with neurological invol...
Source: IDCases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionCranioplasty has high complication rates, 23% in our cohort. Contrary to recent systematic reviews, early CP was associated with more complications (41%), explained by the higher incidence of pre-CP CSF flow disturbance and acute subdural hematoma as etiology of DC. CP in such patients should therefore be performed with highest caution.
Source: Journal of Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
This study aimed to determine the incidence of and the factors associated with PTH. We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent DC for TBI at our institute between January 2014 and December 2018. We identified and compared the demographic, clinical, and radiological data, and 12-month functional outcome (as assessed by the Glasgow Outcome Scale [GOS]) between patients who developed PTH and those who did not. Logistic regression analyses were performed to identify risk factors for PTH. Additionally, the influence of PTH on unfavorable functional outcome was analyzed. PTH developed in 18 (18.95%) of the 95 patients wh...
Source: Neurosurgical Review - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
Authors: Araujo-Castro M, Berrocal VR, Pascual-Corrales E Abstract Pituitary tumors (PTs) are a heterogeneous group of lesions of the central nervous system that are usually benign. Most of them occur sporadically, but 5% can do so within family syndromes, usually at a young age. There are differences by sex, age, race, and genetic factors in the prevalence of different tumor cell types and clinical presentation. Functioning-PTs (FPTs) are usually diagnosed earlier than non-functioning PTs (NFPTs). However, this depends on the PT type. Headaches and visual disturbances are the most frequent mass-effect symptoms, bu...
Source: Hormones - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Hormones (Athens) Source Type: research
Gait disturbances are typical of persons with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) without signs distinctive from other neurodegenerative and vascular conditions. Cerebrospinal fluid tap-test (CSF-T...
Source: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Hydromer-coated shunt systems and antibiotic-impregnated shunt system represent a superior alternative to standard shunt systems for the reduction of shunt infection in the early post operative period. PMID: 31935310 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: P R Health Sci J Source Type: research
ConclusionThe accurate diagnosis of isolated BPC is not always straightforward, which is especially critical in the context of fetomaternal medicine. A  detailed description of posterior fossa malformations is to be preferred over unspecific terminology.
Source: Clinical Neuroradiology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Hydrocephalus is rare in sarcoidosis, especially as the presenting symptom. Neurosarcoidosis as a cause of unexplained communicating hydrocephalus should be considered in cases of abnormal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and negative infectious and tumoral studies. AbstractHydrocephalus is rare in sarcoidosis, especially as the presenting symptom. Neurosarcoidosis as a cause of unexplained communicating hydrocephalus should be considered in cases of abnormal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and negative infectious and tumoral studies.
Source: Clinical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research
ABSTRACT Objective: To present a program of home physical exercises for patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) and to evaluate adherence, acceptance and applicability; to verify possible changes in patients with NPH in the home physical exercise program, comparing patients with, and without, a ventriculoperitoneal shunt, regarding gait, quality of life, activities of daily living, static and dynamic balance and its impact on the risks of falling. Methods: This was a controlled clinical trial, with assessments in three moments (0, 10 and 18 weeks) at the home, from October 2015 to November 2017. Fifty-two patient...
Source: Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 8 January 2020Source: Journal of Clinical NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Kelechi Ndukuba, Toshihiro Ogiwara, Takuya Nakamura, Daishiro Abe, Shunsuke Ichinose, Tetsuyoshi Horiuchi, Samuel Ohaegbulam, Kazuhiro HongoAbstractThe efficacy of the endoscopic transcortical transventricular approach (ETTA) for craniopharyngioma in the third ventricle with hydrocephalus has been reported focusing on its reduced invasiveness. On the other hand, suprasellar craniopharyngioma without ventriculomegaly is generally surgically managed by craniotomy or the endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA). Here, we report an e...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
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