A herbal premix containing Macrotyloma uniflorum, ginger, and whey curtails obesity in rats fed a high-fat diet by a novel mechanism

Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, e-First Articles. The present study designed and evaluated a polyherbal premix comprising Macrotyloma uniflorum, whey protein, Zingiber officinale, and Mentha piperita. Animals were fed a high-fat diet (HFD) for 30 days and were daily administered the premix (1.5 g/kg) in milk (PM) and water (PW), aerobic exercise (AE), premix in milk and water along with AE (PMAE and PWAE), ferulic acid (100 mg/kg), and the reference drug fluoxetine (6 mg/kg). All treatments showed significant reduction in food intake, weight gain, abdominal circumference, and body mass index compared with their initial values. All treatments generated a faster peak of the satiety marker cholecystokinin compared with the HFD group and control groups; PMAE and PWAE exhibited sustained satiety. The HFD-elevated blood glucose levels were significantly attenuated on the 30th day by all treatments when compared with their 15th day and basal values; PMAE exhibited the best results. All treatments significantly attenuated the HFD-elevated serum insulin, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, C-reactive protein, triglycerides, total cholesterol, very-low-density lipoprotein, and low-density lipoprotein levels and significantly restored the HFD-depleted high-density lipoprotein and adiponectin levels. HFD-elevated thiobarbituric acid reactive substances values were attenuated successfully and the HFD-depleted reduced glutathione, superoxide dismutase, and ca...
Source: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism - Category: Physiology Authors: Source Type: research

Related Links:

AbstractIntroductionPolycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a heterogeneous endocrine disorder. Hyperandrogenism (HA) and insulin resistance (IR) are two important pathogenic factors.ObjectiveWe aimed to investigate the inherent disturbed metabolic profiles for women with HA or IR in PCOS as well as discover diagnostic biomarkers.MethodsA total of 286 subjects were recruited for the study. They constituted the following groups: healthy women (C), those with HA (B1), those with IR but not obese (B2) and obese women with IR (B3) in PCOS. Nine cross-comparisons with PCOS were performed to characterize metabolic disturbances. Seru...
Source: Metabolomics - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Conclusion: There was a high prevalence of MetS and abnormal ECG among the studied population. Abnormal ECG findings were more common in men with no differential association in people with or without MetS. However, a significant association existed between certain components of MetS and ECG abnormalities in men only. Male gender and HDLc were independent predictors of ECG Abnormalities.Keyword: Electrocardiography, metabolic syndrome, africans.
Source: African Health Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research
Authors: Wu CC, Chang CS, Hsu CC, Wang CP, Tsai IT, Lu YC, Houng JY, Chang CC, Chung FM, Lee YJ, Hung WC Abstract Low-circulating levels of adiponectin (ADPN) are associated with obesity, diabetes mellitus, and coronary artery disease. On the contrary, some studies have demonstrated a link between relatively high levels of plasma ADPN and heart failure, atrial fibrillation, and adverse outcome. However, little is known about the relationship between ADPN level and prolonged QT interval. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between plasma ADPN levels and prolonged QT interval in patients with sta...
Source: International Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Int Heart J Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 January 2020Source: Clinica Chimica ActaAuthor(s): Xin Su, Daoquan PengAbstractDyslipidemia, characterized by increased plasma levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C), triglyceride (TG), and reduced plasma levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), is confirmed as a hallmark of obesity and cardiovascular diseases (CVD), posing serious risks to the future health of humans. Thus, it is important to understand the molecular metabolism of dyslipidemia, which could help reduce the morbidity and mortality of obesit...
Source: Clinica Chimica Acta - Category: Laboratory Medicine Source Type: research
Comorbidity is the presence of one or more additional conditions co-occurring with a primary condition. In this episode, host schizophrenic Rachel Star Withers with her cohost Gabe Howard will be discussing comorbidity with schizophrenia. Comorbidity is associated with worse health outcomes, more complex clinical management and increased health care costs. Occupational therapist and host of the podcast Occupied, Brock Cook, will be joining us to discuss ways that he works with people with schizophrenia to manage multiple health issues.  Highlights from “Comorbidity with Schizophrenia” Episode [01:28] What ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Antipsychotic Inside Schizophrenia Mental Health and Wellness Psychiatry Psychology Psychotherapy Bipolar disorder and schizophrenia comorbid comorbid psychiatric conditions Comorbidities Comorbidity Diagnosis Of Schizophrenia Livi Source Type: blogs
ConclusionResults of this study support that the TyG index may be a useful indicator to detect MONW phenotype and associated cardiovascular risk factors.
Source: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionALA and CLA exert distinct mechanistic advantages on cholesterol homeostasis and RCT in obesity.
Source: Molecular Nutrition and Food Research - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
ObjectiveTo explore incidence and progression of coronary atherosclerosis and identify determinants in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We specifically evaluated the impact of inflammation, cardiac risk factors, duration of medication exposure, and their interactions on coronary plaque progression.MethodsOne hundred one participants with baseline coronary computed tomography angiography findings underwent follow ‐up assessment a mean ± SD of 83 ± 3.6 months after baseline. Plaque burden was reported as the segment involvement score (describing the number of coronary segments with plaque) and the seg...
Source: Arthritis and Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Publication date: March 2020Source: Journal of Functional Foods, Volume 66Author(s): Jr-Wei Chen, Yi-Ling Lin, Chung-Hsi Chou, Yi-Hsieng Samuel Wu, Sheng-Yao Wang, Yi-Chen ChenAbstractA high-fat diet is a major risk factor for obesity and heart failure. Our previous study has demonstrated that protease A-digested crude-chalaza hydrolysates (CCH-As) with a specific free amino-acid and carnosine/anserine profile show lipid-lowering and antioxidant activities against chronic alcohol consumption. The antiobesity and hypolipidemic effects of our CCH-As against a high-fat diet was to investigated in this study. In high-fat-diet ...
Source: Journal of Functional Foods - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
uml;ller TD Abstract Glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins (GPI-AP) with the complete glycolipid anchor attached are present in rat and human serum at amounts which are lower in insulin-resistant/obese rats compared to normal ones. These findings prompted further evaluation of the potential of full-length GPI-AP for the prediction and stratification of metabolically deranged states. A comparison of the signatures of horizontal surface acoustic waves which were generated by full-length GPI-AP in course of their specific capture by and subsequent dissociation from a chip-based sensor between those from rat ...
Source: Am J Physiol Endocri... - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
More News: Cholesterol | Complementary Medicine | Diets | Eating Disorders & Weight Management | Fluoxetine | Ginger | Herbs | High Fat | Insulin | Men | Milk | Nutrition | Obesity | Peppermint | Physiology | Prozac | Sports Medicine | Study