Malaria Prevention Measures among Pregnant Women: A Population-Based Survey in Nnewi, Nigeria.

We examined factors related to the uptake of two malaria prevention measures, insecticide-treated bed-nets and prophylactic sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP), among pregnant women in Nnewi, Nigeria. The survey had a quantitative and qualitative part. For each part, the subjects meeting our inclusion criteria were systematically identified in a population-based manner. For the qualitative part, focused group discussions, in-depth interviews with a wide variety of stakeholders (e.g., health workers, males whose wives are pregnant, and drug and net sellers), and key informants including doctors and nurses were held. All data covered various aspects related to the topics. A total of 384 subjects participated. The mean age was 28.9 years (95% CI 23.4-34.5). The primigravidae (odds 1.8-2.3) and illiterates (odds 4.1-13.5) were less likely to sleep under the net. Primigravidae were 2.0x less likely to uptake adequate SP. The uptake was also associated with having adequate knowledge on SP (2.4x), completing usual (≥4 visits) antenatal visits (3.9x), and being in the best (≥9 visits) antenatal visit scenario (10.5x). Other barriers identified were thermal discomfort, lack of availability, cost, and unsupervised uptake of SP. Based on a representative sample, systematic procedures, and within current evaluation limits, we conclude that primigravidae and those with no formal education and inadequate antenatal visits should be the foremost group for encouraging uptake of malaria prev...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

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Publication date: 18 January 2020Source: New Scientist, Volume 245, Issue 3265Author(s): Alice Klein
Source: New Scientist - Category: Science Source Type: research
ConclusionOur findings reveal greater attention towards maternal and child health care especially for the backward districts in the states of UP Uttar Pradesh, MP Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and Rajasthan are needed. Several maternal and social factors leads to the occurrence of low birth weight. Emphasis should be placed on improving the nutritional status of the mothers.
Source: Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
This study assessed the effect of a similar package but in urban settings of Kinshasa province, Democratic Republic of the Congo, in an effort to reduce the unmet need for post-partum family planning.MethodsYam Daabo was a multi-intervention, single-blinded, cluster-randomised controlled trial done in six primary health-care centres (clusters) in Kinshasa. Centres were randomly allocated to receive the six-component intervention or standard antenatal and postnatal care in matched pairs (1:1) on the basis of number of monthly births, the ratio of health workers per population in the health zone, and the urban and suburban s...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
PURPOSE: To describe sleep patterns, problems, and ecology among toddlers (13 to 36  months) from families referred to Child Protective Services (CPS) for maltreatment and to compare sleep duration among a subgroup (24- to 36-month-olds) to previously publ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news
(Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health) When households in sub-Saharan Africa don't have an adequate number of insecticide-treated bed nets, pregnant women and children under five are the most likely family members to sleep under the ones they have, leaving men and school-aged children more exposed to malaria, new Johns Hopkins Center for Communication Programs (CCP) research suggests.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Labourers urgently construct new roads ahead of the monsoon season in Bangladesh’s Kutupalong Rohingya camp. Credit: Naimul Haq/IPSBy Naimul HaqDHAKA, Feb 28 2018 (IPS)More than half a million Rohingya refugees crammed into over 30 makeshift camps in Cox’s Bazar in southeast Bangladesh face a critical situation as the cyclone and monsoon season begins in a few weeks’ time.The United Nations and international and local NGOs, along with the Bangladeshi government, have issued emergency calls to safeguard the population, especially those who are most vulnerable.Already burdened with the world’s largest...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Aid Asia-Pacific Climate Change Development & Aid Environment Featured Gender Violence Headlines Health Human Rights Humanitarian Emergencies Migration & Refugees Population Poverty & SDGs Projects Water & Sanitation Bangla Source Type: news
We report a case of an adolescent male who presented with all four cardinal symptoms of narcolepsy and had been misdiagnosed with epilepsy, psychosis, and depression. We discuss various issues regarding narcolepsy in children and adolescents. Keywords: narcolepsy, adolescence, misdiagnosis Innov Clin Neurosci. 2017;14(9–10):20–23 Introduction Narcolepsy is an uncommon sleep cycle disorder characterized by the tetrad of chronic excessive daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, hypnagogic hallucinations, and sleep paralysis.1 The cardinal symptom of paroxysmal sleep is seen in all patients, whereas other symptoms such as ...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Case Report Current Issue adolescence misdiagnosis narcolepsy Source Type: research
This study aimed to explore birthing experiences in relief camps of women who resides in disaster prone areas. The study findings can be used by the National Disaster Management Authorities and humanitarian agencies to make informed decisions about the provision of maternity care services in disaster or humanitarian emergency settings in rural Pakistan. Methodology Study site The study was conducted in five rural villages located along the bank of the Indus River of the Sindh Province of Pakistan. Due to their geographical location, the relative exposure to annual monsoon flooding is high in these villages. The human ...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - Category: Global & Universal Authors: Source Type: research
Rio de Janeiro is expecting about 500,000 visitors for the Olympic and Paralympic games this August. If you’re one of them, there are a few things you need to consider in order to have a safe, happy and healthy trip to Brazil this year.   1. Make sure you’re up to date on all your vaccines. This is travel safety 101. Infectious disease loves a crowd, and one way to make sure a nasty bug doesn't hitch a ride with you is to get vaccinated.  What to do:  Make an appointment with a travel doctor now to make sure you’re current on all your regular vaccines (measles, mumps, rubella, etc.) an...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - Category: Science Source Type: news
Conclusions: To control environmental threats to children’s health in Latin America, WHO, including PAHO, will focus on the most highly prevalent and serious hazards—indoor and outdoor air pollution, water pollution, and toxic chemicals. Strategies for controlling these hazards include developing tracking data on regional trends in children’s environmental health (CEH), building a network of Collaborating Centres, promoting biomedical research in CEH, building regional capacity, supporting development of evidence-based prevention policies, studying the economic costs of chronic diseases in children, and d...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Review March 2015 Source Type: research
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