Lexical category influences in Persian children who stutter.
This article explores the effect that words from different lexical categories have on disfluency in 12 Persian children, ten boys and two girls, who stutter. They were aged 7 years 5 months to 10 years 6 months. Words from the participants' narrative and reading samples (sub-tests of the Reading and Dyslexia Test validated for Persian school-aged children) were categorized as content, function, or content-function, and stuttering-like disfluencies were coded in each speech sample. Content and content-function words were significantly more likely to show stuttering-like disfluencies than function words. The distribution of symptom types over content and content-function words was similar, and differed from the distribution seen in function words. The symptom type analysis also supported the view that whole-word repetitions should not be grouped with other stuttering-like disfluencies. PMID: 23941107 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: February 2020Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volume 97Author(s): Claire Gosse, Marie Van ReybroeckAbstractSeveral studies have demonstrated that children with dyslexia frequently show poor and slow handwriting skills. It is not clear whether these difficulties are a consequence of their spelling deficit or if they arise from graphomotor difficulties. The present study aims to test the hypothesis of the presence of handwriting difficulties in dyslexia, through the investigation of the impact of graphic and orthographic complexity of words on writing. Participants were all monolingual French...
In conclusion, with massively parallel sequencing technology and our sequence simplification strategy, sequence variations within alleles and stutter products were identified, which was useful to determine the origin of stutters, identify more stutter variants, and explore the relationships among motifs. These findings may be helpful for allele designation, a deeper understanding of the mechanism of stutter, and improving resolution in forensic mixture analyses.
ConclusionCurrent findings offer a fragmented view of bilingual development and echoes a recurring theme, i.e., the current understanding of bilingualism and stuttering is limited and more research is warranted.
Authors: Bharadwaj A, Andrade C PMID: 31812095 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionsThe causes of dyslexia can be revealed by a dual-intervention approach consisting of a pseudoword experiment and learning a compensatory reading strategy. Reading performance improves immediately if the identified causes of dyslexia are compensated by an appropriate reading therapy. PMID: 31796709 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion Our findings suggest that preschool CWS may exhibit higher levels of sympathetic arousal during stuttered speech compared to when they are speaking fluently. We discuss the potential impact of increased sympathetic arousal on speech regulatory mechanisms in early childhood stuttering and present questions to guide future research. PMID: 31805242 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: The results of our study provide empirical insight into the first-time prevalence of victimization among children with disability, and into the predicative association between family disadvantages and victimization. PMID: 31561190 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
I remember hearing this story many years ago and it has become a powerful teaching tool for my clients who I see in my therapy practice and in classes/presentations I offer. “I’ll never forget the day Marilyn and I were walking around New York City, just having a stroll on a nice day. She loved New York because no one bothered her there like they did in Hollywood, she could put on her plain-Jane clothes and no one would notice her. She loved that. So, as we we’re walking down Broadway, she turns to me and says, ‘Do you want to see me become her?’ I didn’t know what she meant but I just s...
We describe procedural memory, examine its role in multiple aspects of language, and then present the PDH and relevant evidence across language-related disorders. The PDH has substantial explanatory power, and both basic research and translational implications. Expected final online publication date for the Annual Review of Psychology Volume 71 is January 4, 2020. Please see http://www.annualreviews.org/page/journal/pubdates for revised estimates. PMID: 31337273 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: 26 December 2017 Source:Neuroscience, Volume 367 Author(s): Eileen Luders, Florian Kurth, Lauren Pigdon, Gina Conti-Ramsden, Sheena Reilly, Angela T. Morgan Speech sound disorder (SSD) is common, yet its neurobiology is poorly understood. Recent studies indicate atypical structural and functional anomalies either in one hemisphere or both hemispheres, which might be accompanied by alterations in inter-hemispheric connectivity. Indeed, abnormalities of the corpus callosum – the main fiber tract connecting the two hemispheres – have been linked to speech and language deficits in associated diso...