Geohelminths in the soil of the Laguna dos Patos in Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil.

This study aimed at examining the prevalence of eggs and larvae of parasites - that may cause diseases to humans and other animals - in the soil of public squares located on the shore of Laranjal beaches, in the Laguna dos Patos, in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil. Four fieldwork trips - one per season - were taken to collect samples on six squares built on the shore of these beaches. Five samples of soil were collected on every square on every fieldwork trip. The material was processed by Caldwell &Caldwell's technique. Four squares (66.7%) were positive for helminth eggs and sample positivity was 8.3% (10). Toxocara spp. and Ancylostoma spp. were the main genera found in these places. Even though prevalence was lower than the one observed by other studies which were carried out in the area, helminths with zoonotic potential were found in the soil of the squares. It should be highlighted that measures to control dogs in these areas must be implemented and public policies must be put forth to make pets' owners and beach goers aware of the need to mitigate environmental contamination. PMID: 31826079 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Braz J Biol - Category: Biology Authors: Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

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Conclusion: Due to general lack of awareness towards toxoplasmosis observed among both health workers and pregnant women in Temeke Municipality, we recommend health policy on maternal and child healthcare to address prenatal screening that is aimed at providing early diagnosis for any possible congenital toxoplasmosis as well as diseases that are currently screened in Tanzania such as HIV, syphilis and malaria. Integrating a One Health approach in educating medical professionals and the vulnerable population of pregnant women on the importance of congenital zoonoses will promote awareness and preventive practices towards t...
Source: African Health Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research
In this study, we undertook the first analysis of the incidence of Cryptosporidium infection in the Yezo sika deer in the Tokachi area using polymerase chain reaction testing and phylogenetic analysis. Polymerase chain reaction analysis showed Cryptosporidium species present in 7.5% of fecal samples (13/173) collected from deer hunted between 2016 and 2017. However, the zoonotic Cryptosporidium paruvm parasite was not detected in the phylogenetic analysis; when sequenced, all species in the positive samples matched the Cryptosporidium deer genotype. However, deer may act as a reservoir of the zoonotic Cryptosporidium parvu...
Source: Parasitology International - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 January 2020Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and WildlifeAuthor(s): Serene Yu, Joseph Modarelli, John M. Tomeček, Justin T. French, Clayton Hilton, Maria D. Esteve-GasentAbstractDetermining which wildlife hosts are involved in the enzootic cycles of tick-borne diseases (TBD) enables enhanced surveillance and risk assessment of potential transmission to humans and domestic species. Currently, there is limited data to indicate which tick-borne pathogens (TBP) can infect coyotes. Additionally, limited surveillance data for white-tailed deer (WTD) in south Texas i...
Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 January 2020Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and WildlifeAuthor(s): Francesca Coppola, Michela Maestrini, Federica Berrilli, Isabel Guadano Procesi, Antonio Felicioli, Stefania PerrucciAbstractItaly is the only European country where the crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) lives. A parasitological investigation was performed on faecal samples, aimed to evaluate Giardia and other parasites in a free-ranging crested porcupine population in Central Italy. Samples were collected from captured and road-killed individuals as well as from feeding areas and pathways. ...
Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Abstract The soil transmitted whipworm, Trichuris trichiura affects about half a billion people globally. Diagnosis is based on identification of characteristic lemon-shaped eggs in stool samples. Occasionally large Trichuris eggs have been reported and have been ascribed to variation within T. trichiura or zoonotic infection with T. vulpis from dogs. We observed that the egg size profile changed markedly after anthelmintic treatment, and remained so, in a human individual self-infected with T. trichiura. The large eggs were detected with two standard diagnostic methods, Kato-Katz thick smear and salt-flotation (M...
Source: Acta Tropica - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Acta Trop Source Type: research
Babesia microti, a tick-borne intraerythrocytic zoonotic protozoan, causes most of human babesiosis in the world, and patients usually experience intermittent fever, fatigue, and chills, followed by a combination of additional symptoms and even death in severe cases. Unfortunately, there is no curable drug or effective vaccine available, and the mechanism of related virulence factors in invasion to host cells during the merozoite stage is unclear. Here, we evaluated a secreted protein annotated as B. microti surface antigen 1 (BmSA1) and identified from in vitro culture supernatant by liquid chromatography coupled with tan...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to investigate phlebovirus and Leishmania parasites circulating in a focus of zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis (ZVL) located in a highly irrigated area within the arid Central Tunisia, known mainly to be endemic for zoonotic cutaenous leishmaniasis (ZCL) caused Leishmania major and transmitted by Phlebotomus papatasi. Sand flies were collected using CDC light traps in the village of Saddaguia, an emergent focus of ZVL located in Central Tunisia during September-October 2014, 2015, and 2016. Pools of live female sand flies were screened for phleboviruses and Leishmania by nested PCR in the polymerase ...
Source: Acta Tropica - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Acta Trop Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 January 2020Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and WildlifeAuthor(s): Hao Ding, Aiyun Zhao, Lingyun Wang, Na Gao, Yangang Sun, Junqiang Li, Meng QiAbstractEnterocytozoon bieneusi, an obligate intracellular pathogen of the intestinal epithelium, is commonly identified in humans and many other animals and is ubiquitous in water sources and the environment generally. To determine the molecular prevalence of E. bieneusi in edible bullfrogs (Lithobates catesbeiana) and evaluate the possibility of its potential zoonotic transmission to humans via food or water, the int...
Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Conclusions/SignificanceThis study established satisfactory results inLeishmania parasite clearing bothin-vivo andin-vitro. Therefore,U.dioica extract can be considered as an effective and harmless herbal compound for killing the parasite without toxicity to the host macrophages. Furthermore, it also can treat the CL by switching the mouse immune response towards a cell-mediated response (Th1); hence, it may be identified as a perfect therapeutic herbal drug for CL treatment.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Parasitic trichostrongyloid nematodes have a worldwide distribution in ruminants and frequently have been reported from humans in Middle and Far East, particularly in rural communities with poor personal hygie...
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
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