Surgical osteoplasty and soft tissue excision as treatment for facial deformities in patients with renal osteodystrophy: three case reports

ConclusionsLong hemodialysis periods and elevated PTH levels were the probable factors for the development of facial deformities in this group of patients. The main complications associated to the surgical management of facial deformities in ROD patients are directly related to end-stage renal disease, with increased risks for hemorrhage and systemic drug accumulation.
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: The effectiveness of cinacalcet were still obviously demonstrated even in chronic HD patients with severe SHPT. In addition, the improvements of bone markers and FGF-23, and stabilization of vascular calcification were observed. Therefore, cinacalcet can provide salutary effects on CKD-MBD in severe SHPT and might be an initially effective PTH-lowering therapy prior to surgical parathyroidectomy as well as an alternative treatment in the patients unsuitable for surgery. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02056730. Date of registration: February 4, 2014. PMID: 31014177 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: NF-κB plays an important role in PG hyperplasia progression. VDR deficiency may be involved in the parathyroid gland hyperplasia through the activation of NF-κB pathway. PMID: 30171599 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: J Nephrol Source Type: research
This article describes the ERG’s review and critique of the company’s submission and summarises the NICE Appraisal Committee’s subsequent guidance (issued in June 2017). The clinical-effectiveness evidence submitted by the company consisted of two double-blind, randomised cont rolled trials (RCTs) comparing etelcalcetide with placebo, one RCT comparing etelcalcetide with cinacalcet, two single-arm extension studies of the above trials, and one single-arm study evaluating the effect of switching from cinacalcet to etelcalcetide. No study specifically examined the populatio n specified in the NICE appraisal...
Source: PharmacoEconomics - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
Authors: Ureña Torres PA, Bover J, Cohen-Solal M Abstract Chronic kidney disease is associated with mineral and bone disorders that are now considered as a syndrome. One of the major complications of this syndrome is secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT). SHPT increases bone turnover and the risk of fracture. SHPT is also associated with cardiovascular calcification and high mortality risk. The classical medical therapies of SHPT lack long-term efficacy and have undesirable effects on serum calcium and phosphate levels. Surgical parathyroidectomy is a radical therapeutic solution potentially exposing patients...
Source: Drugs of Today - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drugs Today (Barc) Source Type: research
Parathyroidectomy (PTx) decreases the mortality rate of refractory secondary hyperparathyroidism (rSHP) due to chronic kidney disease. A consensus regarding which techniques of PTx are associated with better outcomes is not available. The aims of this study are to evaluate the clinical and laboratory evolution of 49 hemodialysis patients with rSHP who underwent PTx using different techniques.
Source: Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Original Communications Source Type: research
Conclusions Oral and maxillofacial manifestations of BTH and OF/RO are uncommon, but they can be associated with an important life-threatening scenario.
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Conclusions Oral and maxillofacial manifestations of BTH and OF/RO are uncommon, but they can be associated with an important life threatening scenario.
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
We report here a case of severe SHPT in a hemodialysis patient treated with phosphate binders, calcitriol, and calcimimetics but who still required PTX. Severe hypocalcemia with muscle cramps occurred postoperatively. Around 1 year after PTX, anemia and features of SHPT have improved but the patient still has intermittent hypocalcemia with suspected postoperative hypoparathyroidism. Regular comprehensive assessment of calcium and phosphorus levels throughout all stages of chronic kidney disease is vital. The postoperative period of PTX in SHPT patients is critical, requiring monitoring to improve management.Blood Purif 2017;44(suppl 1):35-40
Source: Blood Purification - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
Abstract Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) treatment includes parathyroidectomy and percutaneous ethanol injection therapy (PEIT), which are invasive procedures. The condition in which benign hyperfunctioning parathyroid tissue is distributed throughout the neck and mediastinum is termed parathyromatosis. Here, we present the case of a 51‐year‐old woman who began hemodialysis in 1986 due to chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology and developed SHPT in 1999. She underwent 6 rounds of PEIT followed by total a parathyroidectomy with partial forearm autotransplantation. Between 2011 and 2013, surgeons removed several...
Source: Hemodialysis International - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
This article reports an atypical case where CUA developed after parathyroidectomy and in the course of treatment of hungry bone syndrome. The patient was on hemodialysis for 14 years. He had developed secondary hyperparathyroidism and severe osteodystrophy. Calcium, Vitamin-D supplements, and calcimimetics failed to control his condition. He underwent parathyroidectomy but developed hungry bone syndrome postoperatively. He was managed with large doses of calcium and active Vitamin-D analogs to maintain his serum calcium. Two weeks later, he developed a painful single lesion on the tip of the penis which was diagnosed as CU...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
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