Neural Substrates of Tinnitus in an Auditory Brainstem Implant Patient: A Preliminary Molecular Imaging Study Using H2 15 O-PET Including a 5-year Follow-up of Auditory Performance and Tinnitus Perception

Conclusion: The reduction of tinnitus in the current ABI subject may be attributable to partial peripheral reafferentation-induced deactivation of the parahippocampus-based tinnitus generator as well as the salience network. Further validation is required by the use of a follow-up study with a larger number of subjects.
Source: Otology and Neurotology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: AUDIOLOGY Source Type: research

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Authors: Yang S, Chen S, Zhu J, Han X PMID: 31942778 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Clinical Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: J Clin Neurol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This study confirmed the clinical benefit of cochlear implantation in patients with SSD. The significant improvement of speech understanding in noise, sound localisation, tinnitus perception, subjective hearing ability, and in particular the improved quality of life support the recommendation that patients with recently acquired SSD should be offered a CI. (Clinical trial registration number on clinicaltrial.gov: NCT01749592). PMID: 31880806 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Swiss Medical Weekly - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Swiss Med Wkly Source Type: research
This study is a clinical randomised trial that involves 56 patients diagnosed with ISSNHL but who have had incomplete recovery after initial management (at least 2  weeks of routine Western medical treatment). The study is performed in accordance with the sudden hearing loss clinical guideline of the American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, published in 2012. Participants are randomly distributed into two groups: the healthy lifestyle modi fication group based on TCM and the control group (1:1 ratio). Patient follow-up lasts for 3 months. The primary outcome measure is the effective rat...
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
This article reviews the recent literature about vasculitis of the ear or the cochleovestibular system, focusing on giant-cell arteritis, Takayasu's arteritis, polyarteritis nodosa, Kawasaki disease, microscopic polyangiitis, granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), eosinophilic GPA, systemic lupus erythematosus, Cogan's syndrome and Behçet's disease. Recent findings In patients with vasculitis, hearing impairment is a frequent problem, followed by tinnitus and vertigo. The severity of sensorineural hearing loss can range from mild impairment to deafness. Autoimmune diseases can induce a conductive hearing loss as...
Source: Current Opinion in Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: VASCULITIS SYNDROMES: Edited by Hasan Yazici and Yusuf Yazici Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the influence of treatment with a cochlear implant (CI) on HRQoL, tinnitus distress, psychological comorbidities, and audiological parameters in SSD patients. METHODS: This retrospective study included 20 patients with postlingually acquired SSD (13 women, 7 men, mean age 57.0 years). Data on HRQoL were collected with the Nijmegen Cochlear Implant Questionnaire (NCIQ) and the Medical Outcome Study Short Form 36 Survey (SF-36). Tinnitus distress was assessed with the Tinnitus Questionnaire (TQ), psychological comorbidities were evaluated with validated questionnai...
Source: HNO - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research
Abstract Noise-induced hearing loss is sensory deafness caused by long-term exposure of the auditory system to a noisy environment. Auditory fatigue is an early symptom of noise-induced hearing loss, and hearing can gradually recover after people leave a noisy environment. However, if people remain in a noisy environment for a prolonged period of time, their hearing will be permanently impaired. Societal changes mean that people are more likely to be exposed to noise. The hearing loss and tinnitus caused by noise seriously affect people's quality of life and lead to huge economic loss. The pathogenesis of noise-in...
Source: British Journal of Hospital Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Br J Hosp Med (Lond) Source Type: research
ConclusionSymptoms of eighth nerve dysfunction are present in over half of patients with GCA. Recovery with steroids was predicted by concurrence with headache in terms of both timing and location. It appears that eighth nerve involvement, especially acute hearing loss, is a not infrequent feature of GCA and often responds well to steroid therapy. Clinicians should enquire about these symptoms when evaluating a patient for possible GCA.Key Points• Deafness is a frequent presenting feature of giant cell arteritis.• Vertigo, tinnitus and loss of balance are also often reported by GCA sufferers.• Steroid therap...
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the influence of treatment with a cochlear implant (CI) on HRQoL, tinnitus distress, psychological comorbidities, and audiological parameters in SSD patients. METHODS: This retrospective study included 20 patients with postlingually acquired SSD (13 women, 7 men, mean age 57.0 years). Data on HRQoL were collected with the Nijmegen Cochlear Implant Questionnaire (NCIQ) and the Medical Outcome Study Short Form 36 Survey (SF-36). Tinnitus distress was assessed with the Tinnitus Questionnaire (TQ), psychological comorbidities were evaluated with validated questionnai...
Source: HNO - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research
Conclusion: Based on our presented case and a vast amount of literature there is circumstantial evidence that TCR gene therapy for melanoma targets the perivascular macrophage-like melanocytes in the stria vascularis, resulting in SNHL. We suggest that SNHL after TCR gene therapy may be caused by a disruption of the blood–labyrinth–barrier and the endolymphatic potential and/or a sterile inflammation of the stria vascularis. In severe cases like our subject, we posit that endolymphatic hydrops or hair cell loss may cause irreversible and asymmetrical deafness. Steroid prophylaxis via transtympanic application is debatable.
Source: Otology and Neurotology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSS AND TINNITUS Source Type: research
Conclusions: The present behavioral and subjective data suggest that SSD patients greatly benefit from cochlear implantation. However, to fully understand the degree and time course of CI benefit, the outcome measure and point of comparison should be considered. From a clinical perspective, binaural baseline performance is a relevant point of comparison. The lack of correlation between behavioral and questionnaire data suggest that represent independent measures of CI benefit for SSD patients.
Source: Ear and Hearing - Category: Audiology Tags: Clinical Trials Source Type: research
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