Individual Patient Data Pooled Analysis of Randomized Trials of Bivalirudin versus Heparin in Acute Myocardial Infarction: Rationale and Methodology.
CONCLUSION: We have created a large individual patient database of bivalirudin versus heparin RCTs in patients with AMI undergoing PCI. This endeavor may help identify the optimal periprocedural anticoagulation regimen for patient groups with different relative risks of adverse ischemic versus bleeding events, including those with ST-segment and non-ST-segment elevation MI, radial versus femoral access, use of a prolonged bivalirudin infusion or glycoprotein inhibitors, and others. Adherence to standardized techniques and rigorous validation processes should increase confidence in the accuracy and robustness of the results. PMID: 31820428 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionDiscontinuing ASA after short-term use for the treatment of patients with T2DM following PCI was not associated with any increased cardiovascular outcomes. Also, discontinuing ASA after short-term use and continuing the use of a P2Y12 inhibitor were somewhat safer in these patients with T2DM. Further research should follow.
CONCLUSIONS: Short-term PPAC using enoxaparin after primary PCI may be an effective and safe way to prevent LVT in patients with anterior AMI and LV dysfunction. PMID: 32848114 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionIn patients with ACS undergoing PCI, both prasugrel and ticagrelor were associated with similar cardiovascular outcomes and adverse bleeding events.
Conclusions In STEMI patients with high thrombus burden, low-dose prourokinase intracoronary administered immediately after thrombus aspiration improves myocardial perfusion, cardiac function, and MACEs-free survival with no significant increase in major bleeding.
Abstract There have been numerous and intriguing advancements in antithrombotic therapy for myocardial infarction since it was described in the earliest issues of Thrombosis and Haemostasis. In this article, we revisit historical breakthroughs and describe the four most challenging contemporary themes relating to antithrombotic therapy in myocardial infarction. In all four, the challenge is to find the best balance of reducing specific levels of ischaemic risks without increasing bleeding risk. The first is the question of the optimal duration of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after percutaneous coronary interve...
AbstractTriple anti-thrombotic therapy combining oral anticoagulation and dual anti-platelet therapy following percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with atrial fibrillation was considered as standard and recommended by guidelines. While bleeding risk is considerable with that approach, data for efficacy are scare. Several trials assessed the possibility of reducing anti-thrombotic treatment by mainly shortening the exposure to acetylsalicylic acid. Dropping one of the anti-platelet components might increase the risk of stent thrombosis, myocardial infarction or stroke. Despite that fear, the recent trials ’...
CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with theCYP2C19LOF allele, the use of clopidogrel was significantly associated with increased adverse events. Thus, further investigation is needed to establish the practical use ofCYP2C19genotyping. PMID: 32713878 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: The effect of 1-month DAPT followed by clopidogrel monotherapy on clinical outcomes was similar to that of 3-month DAPT followed by aspirin monotherapy in patients receiving PCI. PMID: 32684537 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
AbstractBackground and ObjectivesDual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) reduces the incidence of thrombotic events but increases the risk of bleeding, which is associated with a substantial and durable risk of death and could offset the benefits of a reduction in thrombotic events. P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy after short-term DAPT could be an option to reduce the risk of bleeding. We carried out a meta-analysis comparing P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy after short-term DAPT with standard-term DAPT in patients undergoing PCI.MethodsWe searched the PubMed and EMBASE databases through 11 A...
In conclusion, the short-term DAPT can reduce the risk of bleeding compared with standard DAPT, without increasing the risk of death or ischemia (Registered by PROSPERO, CRD42020153881). PMID: 32627616 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]