Two New Breast Cancer Drugs Show Promise In Early Trials
Women with HER2-positive breast cancer may soon have some brand new treatment options after two experimental drugs performed well in clinical trials.
AbstractPurposeEribulin methylate (eribulin) improved the overall survival (OS) of HER2-negative advanced breast cancer (HER2 −ABC) patients; however, the mechanism underlying the OS improvement has not been clarified. Several reports suggest that eribulin promotes antitumor immunity via tumor micro-environment conditioning. Recently, a maintained baseline lymphocyte count was proposed as predictive marker for eribulin t herapy in HER2−ABC patients; however, no associations with the OS have been noted. We retrospectively investigated the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) in HER2...
In conclusion, sHER2‑ECD and tissue calpain‑10 may be used as new prognostic indices for breast cancer. PMID: 32236617 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Montemurro F, Nuzzolese I, Ponzone R Abstract Introduction: The administration of chemotherapy before (neoadjuvant), rather than after surgery (adjuvant) in early breast cancer has been considered an optional strategy for patients with operable breast cancer. We reviewed this concept considering recent results in the field.Areas covered: Herein, the authors cover neoadjuvant chemotherapy with or without biologics in triple-negative and HER2-positive operable breast cancer with a focus on rates of complete pathological remission (pCR) in the breast and axilla. The impact of the CREATE X and KATERINE randomi...
(American Association for Cancer Research) An increased proportion of Indigenous American (IA) ancestry was associated with a greater incidence of HER2-positive breast cancer, according to a study published in Cancer Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.
ConclusionsWe found a lower risk of radiation-induced secondary malignancies in LFS breast cancer patients than previously reported in the literature (33% risk of radiation-induced sarcoma). These findings suggest that LFS may not be an absolute contraindication for radiotherapy in breast cancer. The potential risk for locoregional recurrence without radiotherapy must be weighed against the long-term risk for radiation-induced malignancies in consideration of adjuvant radiotherapy for LFS breast cancer patients.
This study aimed to analyze the factors affecting brain metastases free survival (BMFS) and the survival after brain metastases (SABM). The data of 215 patients with breast cancer brain metastases (BCBM) in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from January 2000 to August 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. The clinicopathological features of BCBM were analyzed, and their effects on BMFS and SABM were analyzed by univariate and multivariate COX regression. Finally, it was analyzed whether the receptor status of the brain metastases and the primary lesions were consistent. The median age of the entire cohort was 46 years old...
Condition: HER2-positive Breast Cancer Intervention: Drug: [18F]FMISO PET/MRI imaging Sponsor: University of Alabama at Birmingham Not yet recruiting
No abstract available
To determine the impact of radiation therapy (XRT) in addition to trastuzumab (TZB) adjuvant chemotherapy for HER2+ breast cancer on left ventricular systolic function, we assessed demographics, oncologic treatment history including XRT exposure, and serial measurements of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in 135 consecutively identified women receiving TZB for treatment of adjuvant breast cancer. Longitudinal mixed effects models were fit to identify baseline to treatment changes in LVEF among those receiving TZB with or without concomitant anthracycline or XRT.
British Journal of Cancer, Published online: 02 April 2020; doi:10.1038/s41416-020-0815-9Ki-67 response-guided preoperative chemotherapy for HER2-positive breast cancer: results of a randomised Phase 2 study