What's new in midwifery - 11th December 2019

Discussion relating to one of these at least in the Guardian,Record number of over-45s giving birth in England, NICESurveillance report NICE guideline (NG126)Ectopic pregnancy and miscarriage: diagnosis and initial managementThis guideline will be updated:read this page to find out why.In the newsSinging the blues: how music can help ease postnatal depressionMelodies for Mums, an iniative that is part of a study being funded by the Wellcome.Maternity care failings in Shropshire (BMJ)OpinionBMJ editorialScreening for cytomegalovirus in pregnancy
Source: Browsing - Category: Databases & Libraries Tags: midwifery Source Type: blogs

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Authors: Fournier E Abstract Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is too common a condition not to daily interact with the practitioner, if only because of its entanglement to other pathologies, causal or chance association. The typical symptomatology, with hand paresthesia and morning pain upon waking, is related to a median nerve injury in the confined space of the carpal tunnel, more often by local inflammation and tenosynovitis of the finger flexors (repetitive activity of the hands). SCC may be secondary to situations (pregnancy) or conditions (edema, hypothyroidism…), which exaggerate the ordinary pathophysiol...
Source: Revue de Medecine Interne - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Rev Med Interne Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 January 2020Source: Aquatic ToxicologyAuthor(s): Christine Dépatie, Magali Houde, Jonathan VerreaultAbstractLipids play important roles in growth, reproduction, locomotion, and migration of fish. Municipal effluents, which are complex mixtures of biological and chemical compounds including flame retardants, have been shown to alter lipid metabletabolism in environmentally and experimentally exposed fish. Down-regulation of several genes coding for fatty acid metabolism enzymes has previously been reported in male northern pike (Esox lucius) collected in the St. Lawrence River (Q...
Source: Aquatic Toxicology - Category: Toxicology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 January 2020Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Ying Lau, Daniel Guang Hui Chee, Xue Ping Chow, Ling Jie Cheng, Suei Nee WongAbstractGiven that many existing electronic health (eHealth) interventions with a general approach have limited effects, a personalised approach is necessary. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of personalised eHealth interventions in reducing body weight and identify the effective key features of such interventions. We searched seven databases for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) from inception until September 6, 2018. Of the 26,733 records identified, ...
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 January 2020Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic DisordersAuthor(s): Steven M. Dean, Elizabeth Valenti, Karen Hock, Julie Leffler, Amy Compston, William T. AbrahamAbstractBackgroundLower extremity lymphedema is frequently encountered in the vascular clinic. Established dogma purports that cancer is the most common cause of lower extremity lymphedema in Western countries, whereas chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is often overlooked as a potential cause. Moreover, lymphedema is typically ascribed to a single cause, yet multiple causes can coexist.MethodsA 3-year re...
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic Disorders - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn conclusion, we identified a genetic regulator of spontaneous lipolysis, and provide evidence for HIF3A as a novel key regulator of lipolysis in subcutaneous adipoctyes as the mechanism through which the locus is influencing adipose tissue biology.
Source: Molecular Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: April 2020Source: Biomedicine &Pharmacotherapy, Volume 124Author(s): Daniel Ejim Uti, Item Justin Atangwho, Eyong Ubana Eyong, Grace Ufedo Umoru, Godwin Eneji Egbung, Victor Udo Nna, Precious A. UdeozorAbstractAimsAfrican walnuts were previously shown to modulate hepatic lipid bio-accumulation in obesity. Herein, we investigated the impact of the nuts on fat accumulation in adipose and ectopic regions, and associated oxidatiive stress status in obese rats.Materials and methodsWhole ethanol extract (WE) of the nuts, and its liquid-liquid fractions-ethyl acetate (ET) and residue (RES) were separately ad...
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: March–April 2020Source: Reports of Practical Oncology &Radiotherapy, Volume 25, Issue 2Author(s): Ramaiah Vinay Kumar, Suman BhaskerAbstractObesity has become epidemic both in developed and developing countries. Socio-economic (SE) development has resulted in increased prevalence of obesity across all social groups in developing countries that is contrary to the effects of rising SE status on prevalence of obesity in the developed world. Obesity is not only associated with metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, diabetes but is also a risk factor for cancer and is responsible for increased c...
Source: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 January 2020Source: Biocybernetics and Biomedical EngineeringAuthor(s): Saqib Saleem, Ahmed Saeed, Shabnam Usman, Javed Ferzund, Jahangir Arshad, Jawad Mirza, Tareq ManzoorAbstractAccording to World Health Organization, 5—18% births around the world are premature, and this rate is on its rise. Recent trend has been to develop computational tools which could support obstetricians in their daily practice. This work is aimed at extracting novel diagnostic features for term vs. preterm births classification based on the dynamics of contraction and non-contractions (dummy) intervals. ...
Source: Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 January 2020Source: Journal of Clinical NeuroscienceAuthor(s): A-Yoon Kim, Jae-Hyuk Shim, Hyung Jin Choi, Hyeon-Man BaekAbstractThe morphological changes of the brain, particularly in the integrity of white and gray matter and the cortical thickness of brain, have been investigated extensively in obese patients. While there has been a growing amount of evidence indicating that subcortical structures are associated with obesity, studies on the volume of subregional level including shape alterations using high-field MRI are very sparse. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare t...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Authors: Sun W, Sun X, Chu W, Yu S, Dong F, Xu G Abstract Circular RNAs (circRNAs) regulate several physiological and pathological processes, but their role in visceral lipid deposition has not been explored. In the present study, human preadipocytes from visceral fat tissue (HPA‑v) were induced to form adipocytes, and the circRNA expression profiles in HPA‑v and adipocytes were detected using circRNA microarrays. The microarray data revealed that 2,215 and 1,865 circRNAs were significantly up‑ and downregulated, respectively, in adipocytes compared with HPA‑v. Moreover, the parental genes of differentially...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
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