Premature ventricular complexes: diagnostic and therapeutic considerations in clinical practice

AbstractPremature ventricular complexes (PVCs) are common arrhythmias in the clinical setting. PVCs in the structurally normal heart are usually benign, but in the presence of structural heart disease (SHD), they may indicate increased risk of sudden death. High PVC burden may induce cardiomyopathy and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction or worsen underlying cardiomyopathy. Sometimes PVCs may be a marker of underlying pathophysiologic process such as myocarditis. Identification of PVC burden is important, since cardiomyopathy and LV dysfunction can reverse after catheter ablation or pharmacological suppression. This state-of-the-art review discusses pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, how to differentiate benign and malignant PVCs, PVCs in the structurally normal heart, underlying SHD, diagnostic procedures (physical examination, electrocardiogram, ambulatory monitoring, exercise testing, echocardiography, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, coronary angiography, electrophysiology study), and treatment (lifestyle modification, electrolyte imbalance, medical, and catheter ablation).
Source: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

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AbstractMyocarditis most often affects otherwise healthy athletes and is one of the leading causes of sudden death in children and young adults. Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a genetically determined heart muscle disorder with increased risk for paroxysmal ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. The clinical picture of myocarditis and ARVC may overlap during the early stages of cardiomyopathy, which may lead to misdiagnosis. In the literature, we found several cases that presented with episodes of myocarditis and ended up with a diagnosis of arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy, mostly of the...
Source: ESC Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Discussion Tachycardia is a rapid heart rate that is above normal for age and level of exertion. Tachycardia is common, particularly sinus tachycardia due to normally encountered circumstances such as pain, fever or exercise. It is usually a normal physiologic process but sustained tachycardia often indicates a potentially abnormal underlying cause. Sinus tachycardia has a rapid heart rate with normal P waves and P-R intervals and variations from moment to moment and respiration. Generally it is not over 200 beats/minute. Vagal stimulation can slow the heart rate; this is a gradual slowing, not an abrupt slowing seen in ...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Conclusions: We suggest some distinct molecular mechanisms for production of IL-1β in innate immune cells from patients with different clinical forms of Chagas disease. MMP-2 and MMP-9 gelatinases are associated with distinct disease outcomes and IL-1β production. Introduction Chagas disease, also known as American trypanosomiasis, is a neglected parasitic disease caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi (1), that affects millions of people in the world (2). During the acute phase, a diffuse and intense inflammation in the cardiomyocytes is observed, which is composed mainly of neutrophils, monocytes, and ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Discussion Barth syndrome is characterized by a dilated cardiomyopathy, proximal skeletal muscle weakness, neutropenia and short stature that usually presents at birth or soon after. It is a rare X-linked recessive disease process caused by mutations in the TAZ gene. The TAZ gene codes for tafazzin which alters cardiolipin in mitochondria. Characteristic facies can be seen especially in infancy including a tall and broad forehead, prominent chin and full cheeks, larger ears, and deep-set eyes. Most patients present at birth or soon afterwards but some may not until later in life. Life expectancy is reduced with many childr...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Authors: Manolis AA, Manolis TA, Mikhailidis DP, Manolis AS Abstract INTRODUCTION: Cancer patients are subject to cardiotoxic effects of cancer therapy and as more patients survive cancer due to improved treatment they are exposed to various forms of cardiovascular (CV) disease (CVD) as they age, and vice-versa. Such an interplay of age with both malignancy and CVD may contribute to increased morbidity and mortality. Areas covered: This review considers the effects of cancer drug treatment on the CV system. In Part I of this review, the various types of CV and cardiometabolic toxicity of anti-cancer drugs and the p...
Source: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Drug Saf Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewVentricular arrhythmias (VAs) are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with cardiomyopathy (CM). This review focuses on ventricular tachycardia (VT) management in uncommon causes of heart disease, such as inflammatory and infiltrative CMs.Recent FindingsIntegration of advanced cardiac imaging modalities, such as cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET), into diagnostic evaluation of patients with CM may unmask abnormal myocardial substrate in almost half of patients presenting with VAs. Stepwise approach to management of VAs in cardiac sa...
Source: Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Time limit: 0 Quiz-summary 0 of 20 questions completed Questions: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Information This test series requires login for attempting. You can login easily with your Facebook account (Use the CONNECT WITH icon on the upper part of right sidebar displaying t...
Source: Cardiophile MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: General Cardiology Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: Trans-septal LA decompression by Inoue balloon catheter is a feasible alternative method for adult patients with refractory pulmonary edema under ECMO. PMID: 28496031 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Circulation Journal - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circ J Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: A non-invasive approach including clinical, laboratory and imaging evaluation is key for early CVD detection in SLE. PMID: 27687024 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Lupus - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Lupus Source Type: research
This paper reviews the development and establishment of the Berlin Heart EXCOR® (BHE®) as a paediatric mechanical circulatory support and reports our entire experience with regard to indications, timing of implantation and explantation and outcome. The Berlin group reported the first successful paediatric bridge to transplantation using a pulsatile pneumatic paracorporeal biventricular assist device, the BHE®, in 1990 in an 8-year-old boy with end-stage heart failure and coarctation of the aorta. This experience prompted them to develop miniaturized pump systems for children through the company Berlin Heart Med...
Source: European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: Electrophysiology - arrhythmias, Peripheral vascular REVIEWS Source Type: research
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