Negative-FLAIR vascular hyperintensities serve as a marker of no recanalization during hospitalization in acute stroke

Publication date: Available online 10 December 2019Source: Journal of Clinical NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Junya Aoki, Kentaro Suzuki, Satoshi Suda, Seiji Okubo, Masahiro Mishina, Kazumi KimuraAbstractBackgroundSince acute fluid-attenuated inversion recovery vascular hyperintensity (FVH) is indicative of disordered blood flow, FVH is considered a marker of acute major arterial occlusion. Conversely, the role of the absence of FVH (negative-FVH) remains unknown.MethodsConsecutive stroke patients were studied via magnetic resonance angiography, within 24 h of onset and major arterial occlusion. All patients were examined using serial angiography to evaluate the presence of recanalization. Patients were classified into negative-FVH and positive-FVH groups.ResultsA total of 72 patients (49 [68%] male patients, aged 76 [66–83] years) were enrolled. Ten patients were allocated to the negative-FVH group and 62 to the positive-FVH group. Initial National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score was 4 (2–8) in the negative-FVH group and 10 (4–21) in the positive-FVH group (p = 0.012). Recanalization was achieved in 1 (10%) of the 10 patients in the negative-FVH group and in 49 (79%) of the 62 patients in the positive-FVH group during hospitalization (p 
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

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Conclusion: Some cases with CCI treated with IV-tPA and endovascular intervention were reported, but the treatment strategy should be still discussed multidisciplinary. Especially, the administration of antithrombotic drugs for CCI should be carefully performed because fatal hemorrhage such as cardiac tamponade can occur. PMID: 31893142 [PubMed]
Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research
In Reply We agree with Popkirov that left atrial volume is a better marker of incident atrial fibrillation than atrial diameter; however, we did not have these data available at all of the sites participating in the New Approach Rivaroxaban Inhibition of Factor Xa in a Global Trial Versus ASA to Prevent Embolism in Embolic Stroke of Undetermined Source (NAVIGATE-ESUS) trial. Recently completed and ongoing studies will help determine if our observation has a clinical role and may provide additional data on left atrial size and function. Once all of these data are available, guidelines committees will likely make recommendat...
Source: JAMA Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Written by Meyers, edits by SmithA 50-ish year old man was working construction when he suddenly collapsed. Coworkers started CPR within 1 minute of collapse. EMS arrived within 10 minutes and continued CPR and ACLS, noting alternating asystole and sinus bradycardia during rhythm checks. He received various ACLS medications and arrived at the ED with a perfusing rhythm.Initial vitals included heart rate around 100 bpm and BP 174/96. Here is his initial ECG, very soon after ROSC:What do you think?Sinus tachycardia.  There is incomplete RBBB (QRS duration less than 120 ms).  There is diffuse STD, maximal in V4-V5 a...
Source: Dr. Smith's ECG Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
Yasada et  al (N Engl J Med 2019;381:1103, PMID 31475793) conducted a prospective randomized multicenter trial of 2236 patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) who had undergone percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass grafting more than 1 year earlier or who had angiographically confirmed coronary artery disease not requiring revascularization. Patients were randomized to monotherapy with rivaroxaban or combination therapy with rivaroxaban plus a single antiplatelet agent. The primary efficacy end point was a composite of stroke, systemic embolism, myocardial infarction, unstable ang ina requiring r...
Source: Heart Rhythm - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: EP News Source Type: research
ConclusionPatients admitted to AMU with suspected TIAs had relevant imaging and tests completed as per guidelines. 89 % had US Carotid Dopplers which were on average done 33h from admission. 58% of patients had inpatient heart monitoring. The average length of stay was 3 days but three patients stayed in AMU for up to 5 days. Protected imaging slots for AMU would expedite investigations and reduce inpatient stay.
Source: Age and Ageing - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
Background: Embolic stroke of undetermined source (ESUS) accounts for about 20% of strokes. Nonstenotic cervical arterial plaque may be a mechanism of stroke in a subset of these patients. Methods: A cohort of consecutive patients with ischemic stroke was retrospectively identified from a stroke registry. Patients with unilateral anterior circulation embolic stroke due to atrial fibrillation (AF) or consistent with ESUS who underwent computed tomographic neck angiography were included. The prespecified primary outcome was a comparison of the prevalence of carotid plaque greater than or equal to 3 mm thickness ipsilateral v...
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Campbell BC Abstract In recent years, reperfusion therapies such as intravenous thrombolysis and endovascular thrombectomy for ischaemic stroke have dramatically reduced disability and revolutionised stroke management. Thrombolysis with alteplase is effective when administered to patients with potentially disabling stroke, who are not at high risk of bleeding, within 4.5 hours of the time the patient was last known to be well. Emerging evidence suggests that other thrombolytics such as tenecteplase may be even more effective. Treatment may be possible beyond 4.5 hours in patients selected using brain imagi...
Source: Medical Journal of Australia - Category: General Medicine Tags: Med J Aust Source Type: research
Conclusion: Intracranial artery calcification is common in patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease and the intracranial carotid artery is most frequently affected. Intracranial arterial calcifications might be associated with imaging markers of SVD and are highly correlated with WMHs, lacunes, and CMBs. Quantification of calcification on CT provides additional information on the pathophysiology of SVD. Intracranial arterial calcification could act as a potential marker of SVD. Introduction Atherosclerosis is a systemic vascular process that is considered a major cause of cerebrovascular and cardiovascular di...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Up to date, no data about PCIS and IVT are available from RTCs. Based on limited results from retrospective clinical studies and case series, IVT is safer for use in PCIS than in ACIS. Patients with brainstem ischemia, vertebral artery occlusion, and absence of basilar or posterior cerebral artery occlusion could be considered for treatment with IVT even in borderline cases. Time to IVT in PCIS seems to be a less crucial factor than in ACIS. IVT for PCIS may be beneficial even after 4.5 h from symptom onset. Introduction History of Intravenous Thrombolysis—The Most Relevant Studies Intravenous t...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion: The present study suggests that lesion patterns observed from DWI of patients with PFO and SIAD might provide clues to the etiology of infarcts. Single lesions (cortical or subcortical) might be a typical feature of PFO associated strokes, while multiple lesions in one vascular territory might be a specific feature of SIAD associated strokes. Introduction Both patent foramen ovale (PFO) and spontaneous intracranial artery dissection (SIAD) are important stroke risk factors, especially in young and middle-aged adults (1–3). About 25% of patients with ischemic stroke are cryptogenic (4), and PFO is pr...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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