Cardiovascular health and retinal microvascular geometry in Australian 11–12 year-olds
Publication date: Available online 10 December 2019Source: Microvascular ResearchAuthor(s): Mengjiao Liu, Kate Lycett, Melissa Wake, Mingguang He, Jessica A. Kerr, Richard Saffery, Markus Juonala, Tim Olds, Terry Dwyer, David P. Burgner, Tien Yin WongAbstractTraditional retinal microvascular parameters (smaller arteriolar and greater venular caliber) are associated with cardiovascular risk factors, pre-clinical vascular phenotypes and clinical cardiovascular events in adults. Although novel retinal microvascular geometric parameters showed analogous associations in adults, less is known whether these parameters are associated with cardiovascular health from childhood. In a population-based cross-sectional study in children (n = 1126, mean age 11.4 years, 50.3% girls), we examined associations of cardiovascular risk factors and pre-clinical arterial phenotypes with retinal geometric parameters. Cardiovascular parameters included body mass index (BMI), an inflammatory marker (GlycA), low-density lipoprotein and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure, large artery functional (pulse wave velocity, PWV and carotid arterial elasticity) and structural (carotid intima-media thickness) phenotypes. Retinal geometric parameters (fractal dimension (Df) and tortuosity) were quantified from retinal images. Multivariable regression models were performed and adjusted for potential confounders. Higher values for BMI, SBP and PWV showed we...
Conclusion: LT for children with PA is a viable treatment option with acceptable outcomes.
In conclusion, data revealed no correlation between ex vivo and in vivo studies explained by the collapse of the follicles in ex vivo skin permeation study, leaving only the lipoidal pathway for NE to pass through, thus only NE components, neither nanosizing nor other reported mechanisms, are the main influencing factors. In vivo experiments suggested that o/w NE changed ATOR pathway to follicular delivery leading to accumulation of NE in follicles and consequently a prolonged plasma profile.Graphical abstract
Conclusions: Hyperuricemia and hypertension may have a synergistic interaction towards renal function loss in addition to their independent impacts. Our findings may provide a straightforward illustration which is easy for the public to realize the hazard of coexistent hypertension and hyperuricemia on renal injury. PMID: 31962051 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions: This is the first meta-analysis investigating adjuvant PNP therapy for DKD. PNP apparently exerted beneficial effects on kidney function and improved the metabolism of serum lipids by CM. Further, well-conducted, high-quality trials on DKD patients are needed to provide high-quality evidence. PMID: 31967924 [PubMed - in process]
Publication date: Available online 21 January 2020Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular and Cell Biology of LipidsAuthor(s): Hiart Navarro-Imaz, Begoña Ochoa, Itsaso García-Arcos, María José Martínez, Yolanda Chico, Olatz Fresnedo, Yuri RuedaAbstractStaphylococcal nuclease and Tudor domain containing 1 (SND1) is an evolutionarily conserved protein present in eukaryotic cells from protozoa to mammals. SND1 has gained importance because it is overexpressed in aggressive cancer cells and diverse primary tumors. Indeed, it is regarded as a marker of cancer malignity. A broad...
In conclusion, we identify SPRING as a previously unrecognized determinant of the SREBP pathway that is essential for proper SCAP function.
This study was aimed to evaluate association of vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms with susceptibility to T2DM.Subjects and methods: One hundred T2DM Saudi male patients were included in this study and one hundred healthy Saudi men were used as control. For each individual, fasting blood glucose, cholesterol, HDL-C, LDL-C, HbA1c, insulin and 25-(OH) vitamin D were measured. In addition,Apal, BsmI and TaqI genotypes were performed for each subject. Data was analyzed by SPSS version 16, using Spearman's rho and ANOVA tests.Results: There was significant inverse correlation between 25-(OH) vitamin D level and T2DM (p
Conclusion: There was a high prevalence of MetS and abnormal ECG among the studied population. Abnormal ECG findings were more common in men with no differential association in people with or without MetS. However, a significant association existed between certain components of MetS and ECG abnormalities in men only. Male gender and HDLc were independent predictors of ECG Abnormalities.Keyword: Electrocardiography, metabolic syndrome, africans.
High-intensity statins, beta-blockers, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, and antiplatelet agents (i.e. intensive medical management) reduce coronary heart disease (CHD) risk following myocardial infarction (MI).
Nature Reviews Cardiology, Published online: 23 January 2020; doi:10.1038/s41569-019-0325-8Familial hypercholesterolaemia is a genetic disorder that impairs the hepatic clearance of LDL, leading to premature atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. In this Review, Watts and colleagues summarize the latest advances that can inform the development and implementation of new models of care for familial hypercholesterolaemia.