Retrospective analysis of cervical cancer and precancerous lesions in patients with atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance in China

This study aims to investigate the prevalence of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 1 or worse (CIN1+) and CIN3 or worse (CIN3+) in patients with ASCUS in China to provide insight into appropriate management for Chinese health care. In a retrospective cross-sectional study, patients who underwent liquid-based thin layer cytology and human papillomavirus (HPV) co-testing at the Peking Union Medical College Hospital between January 2014 and January 2017, and had ASCUS results on liquid-based thin layer cytology test and underwent follow-up and colposcopic biopsy were included. Age, HPV DNA test, and pathological outcomes were assessed. One hundred forty-four patients with ASCUS and positive HPV test results were included. In the 3-year follow-up, 23 (16.0%) patients had CIN1, 28 (19.4%) had CIN2, and 17 (11.8%) had CIN3 or carcinoma in situ. The risk of CIN3+ was significantly higher in those older than 60 years (42.8%, Pā€Š=ā€Š.005), whereas the CIN1+ prevalence displayed no significant difference between age groups. Both hybrid Capture II (HC II) value and cytopathological description of HPV infection showed no statistically significant correlation with CIN1+ or CIN3+. Patients with HPV-positive ASCUS who were older than 60 years had a significantly higher risk of CIN3+, and clinicians should pay more attention to them. Both HC II value and cytopathological description of HPV infection showed no significant correlation with CIN1+ or CIN3+.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research

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Authors: Park YC, Ouh YT, Sung MH, Park HG, Kim TJ, Cho CH, Park JS, Lee JK Abstract OBJECTIVE: Persistent infection of HPV increases the chance of carcinoma in situ of cervix through stages of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 1, 2, and 3, and finally progresses into cervical cancer. We aimed to explore the safety and efficacy of BLS-M07 which is orally administered agent expressing human papillomavirus (HPV) 16 E7 antigen on the surface of Lactobacillus casei in patients with CIN 3. METHODS: Patients with CIN 3 were recruited in our clinical trial. Reid Colposcopic Index (RCI) grading and serum HPV16 E...
Source: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Gynecol Oncol Source Type: research
Santosh K. Ghosh1*, Thomas S. McCormick1,2 and Aaron Weinberg1* 1Biological Sciences, School of Dental Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, United States 2Dermatology, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, United States Human beta-defensins (hBDs, −1, 2, 3) are a family of epithelial cell derived antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) that protect mucosal membranes from microbial challenges. In addition to their antimicrobial activities, they possess other functions; e.g., cell activation, proliferation, regulation of cytokine/chemokine production, migration, diffe...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Authors: Ishimaru N, Kanzawa Y, Seto H, Kinami S Abstract We herein report a patient with syphilitic cervicitis and cervical cancer presenting as oropharyngeal syphilis. A 31-year-old Japanese woman with a history of unprotected vaginal and oral sex visited our hospital with right submandibular adenomas and erythema in the extremities. The fornix uteri was red, with a nodule noted. The rapid plasma reagin ratio was 1:3. She was diagnosed with syphilitic cervicitis and treated with amoxicillin for four weeks. Initial cervical cytology showed cells with mild nuclear enlargement, which was thought to be metaplasia ass...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The healthcare costs associated with HPV-related diseases in Korea are substantial and increased between 2002 and 2015 mainly caused by increased number of patients. Expanding the target age for HPV vaccination of girls and introducing HPV vaccination for boys are possible ways of reducing the economic burden of HPV-associated disease and should be considered. PMID: 29961603 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
ConclusionsOverall, the average direct medical cost of HPV infection was $720 per newborn. The economic burden of HPV remains significant, although changes in cervical screening guidelines, prompted by the introduction of a public HPV vaccine program, appear to have promoted a promising trend towards lower costs.
Source: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
The Correlation Between TNF-α Promoter Gene Polymorphism and Genetic Susceptibility to Cervical Cancer. Technol Cancer Res Treat. 2018 Jan 01;17:1533033818782793 Authors: Li X, Yin G, Li J, Wu A, Yuan Z, Liang J, Sun Q Abstract To investigate the association between the susceptibility to cervical cancer and the single nucleotide polymorphisms of 5 tumor necrosis factor-α promoter genes (rs361525, rs1800629, rs1800750, rs1799964, and rs673) in Chinese women. A total of 946 peripheral blood samples were collected from women of Han Ethnicity in Shandong province. Of them, 452 were diagnosed w...
Source: Technology in Cancer Research and Treatment - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Technol Cancer Res Treat Source Type: research
Authors: Tian Y, Wu NY, Liou YL, Yeh CT, Cao L, Kang YN, Wang HJ, Li Y, Chu TY, Li W, Liu X, Zhang Y, Zhou H, Zhang Y Abstract In 2015, the American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology and the Society of Gynecologic Oncology issued interim guidance for the use of a human papillomavirus (HPV) test for primary screening, suggesting triage of women positive for high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) by HPV-16/18 genotyping and cytology for women positive for non-16/18 hrHPV. The design of the present study was based on this interim guidance and analysis of the methylation status of specific candidate genes, ...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
We examined the association of methylation status between host genes and late gene 1 (L1) regions of HPV16, 18, 52, and 58 in cervical brushings. METHODS: Cervical brushings from 147 HPV-infected patients were obtained. The samples comprised normal (n=28), cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 1 (n=45), CIN2 (n=13), and CIN3/carcinoma in situ (n=61). The methylation status of HPV and host genes was measured using bisulfite pyrosequencing and quantitative methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR). RESULTS: The degree of methylation of L1 in HPV16, 18, and 52 was associated with the severity of the cerv...
Source: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Gynecol Oncol Source Type: research
Abstract Screening for uterine cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) followed by aggressive treatment has reduced invasive cervical cancer (ICC) incidence and mortality. However, ICC cases and carcinoma in situ (CIS) continue to be diagnosed annually in the United States, with minorities bearing the brunt of this burden. Because ICC peak incidence and mortality are 10-15 years earlier than other solid cancers, the number of potential years of life lost to this cancer is substantial. Screening for early signs of CIN is still the mainstay of many cervical cancer control programs. However, the accuracy of existing...
Source: Advances in Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Adv Cancer Res Source Type: research
Conclusions European HPV 16 L83V variant is usually associated with high risk for cervical cancer women. However, statistically meaningful difference was not achieved when comparing difference of L83V variants between investigated groups and in HPV 16 L83V variant and prototype distribution in CIN3/Ca in situ and cancer.
Source: Medicina - Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research
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