ASTRO issues rad therapy guidelines for skin cancer

The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) has released new clinical...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: ASTRO, ACR update RT practice parameters ASTRO wants changes to CMS payment proposal ASTRO updates guidance on pancreatic cancer ASTRO names new officers to its board ASTRO commends new prior authorization legislation
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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G protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1 (GPER1), is a functional estrogen receptor involved in estrogen related actions on several systems including processes of the nervous, reproductive, metabolic, cardiovascular, and immune system. Regarding the latter, GPER is expressed in peripheral B and T lymphocytes as well as in monocytes, eosinophils, and neutrophils. Several studies have implicated GPER in immune-mediated diseases like multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, and atherosclerosis-related inflammation, while a recent report suggests that its deletion could be responsible for a form of familial immunodeficiency...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
AbstractGermline mutations inCDKN2A greatly increase risk of developing cutaneous melanoma. We have constructed a risk prediction model, Familial Risk Assessment of Melanoma (FRAMe), for estimating the likelihood of carrying a heritableCDKN2A mutation among Australian families, where the prevalence of these mutations is low. Using logistic regression, we analysed characteristics of 299 Australian families recruited through the Sydney site of GenoMEL (international melanoma genetics consortium) with at least three cases of cutaneous melanoma (in situ and invasive) among first-degree blood relatives, for predictors of the pr...
Source: Familial Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractIn a 2013 study published in this Journal, Dacosta Byfield et al. used MediCare data to extract reliable estimations of the incidence (I = 6.16) and prevalence (P = 10.31) rates of advanced keratinocyte skin cancer (aKSC) per 100,000 US population. These data unmask a considerable disease burden of aKSC (tumor stages ≥ 3) compared to the corresponding projected SEER predictions in 2019 of all invasive cases (tumor stages ≥ 1). According to it s incidence, aKSC ranks 19th out of 29 major SEER registered neoplasms and has an average disease duration of 1.6...
Source: Archives of Dermatological Research - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
Abstract INTRODUCTION: Using the National Cancer Database (NCDB), we seek to analyze the relationship of patient distance to hospital of treatment on mortality trends after surgery, since patients often travel large distances to referral centers. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of the NCDB from 2004 to 2013 was performed, and patients with gastrointestinal, melanoma, and head and neck primary site tumors who underwent surgery were included. We excluded cases with no recorded mortality status or distance from the hospital. A multivariable logistic regression was conducted with adjustments for population ...
Source: The American Surgeon - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Am Surg Source Type: research
ConclusionIn the real-life clinical setting, TARE is largely considered to be a part of a palliative treatment strategy across indications and provides an excellent safety profile.Level of evidenceLevel 3.Trial registrationClinicalTrials.gov NCT02305459.
Source: CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
kowska Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is a well-known hormone produced by the trophoblast during pregnancy as well as by both trophoblastic and non-trophoblastic tumors. hCG is built from two subunits: α (hCGα) and β (hCGβ). The hormone-specific β subunit is encoded by six allelic genes: CGB3, CGB5, CGB6, CGB7, CGB8, and CGB9, mapped to the 19q13.32 locus. This gene cluster also encompasses the CGB1 and CGB2 genes, which were originally considered to be pseudogenes, but as documented by several studies are transcriptionally active. Even though the protein products of t...
Source: Genes - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Authors: Gnagnarella P, Raimondi S, Aristarco V, Johansson HA, Bellerba F, Corso F, Gandini S Abstract Increasing scientific evidence supports the link between vitamin D and cancer risk. The active metabolite 1,25(OH)2D exerts its activity by binding to the vitamin D receptor (VDR), an intracellular receptor that mediates transcriptional activation and repression of target genes. The binding of 1,25(OH)2D to VDR is able to regulate hundreds of different genes. VDR is active in virtually all tissues including the colon, breast, lung, ovary, bone, kidney, parathyroid gland, pancreatic b-cells, monocytes, T lymphocyte...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Pancreatic cancer-melanoma syndrome (PCMS) is an inherited condition in which mutation carriers have an increased risk of malignant melanoma and/or pancreatic cancer. About 30% of PCMS cases carry mutations in CDKN2A. This gene encodes several protein isoforms, one of which, known as p16, regulates the cell-cycle by interacting with CDK4/CDK6 kinases and with several non-CDK proteins. Herein, we report on a novel CDKN2A germline in-frame deletion (c.52_57delACGGCC) found in an Italian family with PCMS. By segregation analysis, the c.52_57delACGGCC was proven to segregate in kindred with cutaneous melanoma (CM), in kindred ...
Source: Dermatology Online Journal - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Sympathetic nerves innervating the tumor microenvironment promote cancer progression and are related to stress-induced cancer behavior. The parasympathetic/vagal nerves have variable (promoting or suppressing) effects on different cancer types. Approaches directed toward the sympathetic and parasympathetic/vagal nerves can be developed as a new cancer therapy. In addition to existing pharmacological, surgical, and electrical approaches, a recently developed virus vector-based genetic local neuroengineering technology is a powerful approach that selectively manipulates specific types of nerve fibers innervating...
Source: Clinical Prostate Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Clin Auton Res Source Type: research
ConclusionsSympathetic nerves innervating the tumor microenvironment promote cancer progression and are related to stress-induced cancer behavior. The parasympathetic/vagal nerves have variable (promoting or suppressing) effects on different cancer types. Approaches directed toward the sympathetic and parasympathetic/vagal nerves can be developed as a new cancer therapy. In addition to existing pharmacological, surgical, and electrical approaches, a recently developed virus vector-based genetic local neuroengineering technology is a powerful approach that selectively manipulates specific types of nerve fibers innervating t...
Source: Clinical Autonomic Research - Category: Research Source Type: research
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