The relationship between cognitive function and having diabetes in patients treated with hemodialysis

Publication date: Available online 11 December 2019Source: International Journal of Nursing SciencesAuthor(s): Lei Cui, Weixia Chen, Xingxing Yu, Changping JuAbstractPurposePatients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) have a higher prevalence of cognitive impairment and inferior cognitive performance than the general population, and those with cognitive impairment are at higher risk of death than those without cognitive impairment. Having diabetes has been associated with an increased risk of cognitive decline in end-stage kidney disease patients treated with peritoneal dialysis or kidney transplant. However, these findings may not extend to the hemodialysis population. Thus, we aim to investigate the relationship between having diabetes and cognitive function in MHD patients.MethodsThis was a cross-sectional study. A total of 203 patients treated with MHD from two blood purification centers were enrolled as subjects. The Chinese version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) was utilized to assess cognitive function.ResultsMHD patients with diabetes had a significantly higher prevalence of global cognitive impairment and inferior performance in global cognition, visuospatial/executive function, naming, language, abstraction and orientation tasks compared with those without diabetes. According to the multiple linear analyses, having diabetes was significantly associated with lower global cognitive function, naming, and language scores, with β coefficients and ...
Source: International Journal of Nursing Sciences - Category: Nursing Source Type: research

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We present the recommendations of the Brazilian Society of Nephrology regarding the treatment of pediatric patients with kidney diseases during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: Articles and documents from medical societies and government agencies on specific recommendations for children on RRT in relation to COVID-19 as well as those focused on epidemiological aspects of this condition in Brazil Were evaluated and analyzed. RESULTS: We present recommendations on outpatient care, transportation to dialysis centers, peritoneal dialysis, hemodialysis, and kidney transplantation in children and adolescents during the CO...
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Source: International Urology and Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: J Nephrol Source Type: research
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