The Clinical Neuroscience Grand Rounds: 8:30-9:00 Dr. Erin Beck, Patterns of Cortical Demyelination in Multiple Sclerosis, 9:00 - 10:00 Dr. Ken Tyler, A New Polio? EVD68-Associated Acute Flaccid Myelitis (AFM)

Date: Tuesday, 12 17, 2019; Speaker: Dr. Erin Beck, NINDS; Dr. Kenneth Tyler, University of Colorado School of Medicine; Building: Building 10 (Clinical Center); Lipsett Auditorium; CME Credit
Source: NIH Calendar of Events - Category: American Health Source Type: events

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Discussion Facial nerve palsy has been known for centuries, but in 1821 unilateral facial nerve paralysis was described by Sir Charles Bell. Bell’s palsy (BP) is a unilateral, acute facial paralysis that is clinically diagnosed after other etiologies have been excluded by appropriate history, physical examination and/or laboratory testing or imaging. Symptoms include abnormal movement of facial nerve. It can be associated with changes in facial sensation, hearing, taste or excessive tearing. The right and left sides are equally affected but bilateral BP is rare (0.3%). Paralysis can be complete or incomplete at prese...
Source: - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Authors: Cichos KH, Lehtonen EJ, McGwin G, Ponce BA, Ghanem ES Abstract INTRODUCTION: Orthopaedic surgeons are wary of patients with neuromuscular (NM) diseases as a result of perceived poor outcomes and lack of data regarding complication risks. We determined the prevalence of patients with NM disease undergoing total joint arthroplasty (TJA) and characterized its relationship with in-hospital complications, prolonged length of stay, and total charges. METHODS: Data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2005 to 2014 was used for this retrospective cohort study to identify 8,028,435 discharges with total jo...
Source: The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Am Acad Orthop Surg Source Type: research
Conclusion. Modafinil is a central nervous system stimulant with well-established effectiveness in the treatment of narcolepsy and shift-work sleep disorder. There is conflicting evidence about the benefits of modafinil in the treatment of fatigue and EDS secondary to TBI. One randomized, controlled study states that modafinil does not significantly improve patient wakefulness, while another concludes that modafinil corrects EDS but not fatigue. An observational study provides evidence that modafinil increases alertness in fatigued patients with past medical history of brainstem diencephalic stroke or multiple scleros...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Current Issue Review excessive daytime sleep fatigue head injury modafinil stroke TBI traumatic brain injury Source Type: research
Increased fatigue is often reported secondary to neurological diseases, such as poliomyelitis and multiple sclerosis, and more recently by adults with cerebral palsy (CP) [1 –5]. In a study of 56 young adults with CP, Russchen et al. found that 39.3% experienced fatigue, and for 12.5% the fatigue was severe [4]. Malone et al. report that pain and fatigue have an impact on adults with CP and their ability to participate in daily life [6].
Source: Gait and Posture - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Full length article Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This study supports the potential of enhancing subjective well-being and lowering pain catastrophizing for reducing pain intensity, pain interference, and depressive symptoms in individuals with chronic pain and a physical disability. The findings indicate that true experiments to test for causal associations are warranted. Implications for rehabilitation The majority of individuals with physical disabilities report having persistent moderate-to-severe pain that may negatively limit daily activities and quality of life. The present cross-sectional study indicates that individuals who reported greater subjectiv...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 April 2017 Source:Neurophysiologie Clinique/Clinical Neurophysiology Author(s): Jean-Pascal Lefaucheur, Moussa A. Chalah, Alaa Mhalla, Ulrich Palm, Samar S. Ayache, Veit Mylius The use of non-invasive brain neurostimulation (NIBS) techniques to treat neurological or psychiatric diseases is currently under development. Fatigue is a commonly observed symptom in the field of potentially treatable pathologies by NIBS, yet very little data has been published regarding its treatment. We conducted a review of the literature until the end of February 2017 to analyze all the studies that ...
Source: Neurophysiologie Clinique - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Conclusions/Implications: Friends with disabilities can offer uniquely important informational and emotional support resources that buffer the impact of a functional impairment on well-being. Psychosocial interventions should help people with long-term disabilities build their peer support networks. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved)
Source: Rehabilitation Psychology - Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research
Resilience can mean the ability of a person to solve problems and bounce back from difficult situations. That, at least, is the definition a group of researchers from the University of Washington gave to resilience when they surveyed a cadre of 1,574 people with a range of chronic conditions that included multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophy, post poliomyelitis syndrome, and spinal cord injury. The information for this study was collected from mail-in surveys as part of an ongoing study of people as they age with disability. In their report of the study, published in December 2016 in Archives of Physical Medicine and Reh...
Source: Life with MS - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: multiple sclerosis emotions inspiration Living with MS ms community research trevis gleason work Source Type: blogs
This study offers a literature review on the role of vaccines regarding the risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS) and MS relapse. The method used in this study is a systematic literature review on the database PubMed. The study found no change in risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS) after vaccination against hepatitis B virus, human papillomavirus, seasonal influenza, measles –mumps–rubella, variola, tetanus, Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), polio, or diphtheria. No change in risk of relapse was found for influenza. Further research is needed for the potential therapeutic use of the BCG vaccine...
Source: Journal of Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe current study suggests that the 6-item short form of the UW-SES has the same meaning across the four diagnostic subgroups. Thus, the 6-item short form is validated for people with MD, MS, PPS, and SCI.
Source: Quality of Life Research - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
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