Outcome measures and motion capture systems for assessing lower limb orthosis-based interventions after stroke: a systematic review.

Conclusions: Studies showed heterogeneity in selecting outcomes and timings for assessment. There is evidence for assessing the evidence of orthosis-based gait rehabilitation after stroke through activity outcome measures, primarily the gait speed, recorded by non-wearable motion capture systems. A unified methodology considering wearable sensors for tracking baseline and follow-up measures is needed.Implications for rehabilitationThere is evidence on use activity outcome measures to assess the meaningful evidence-based practice of orthosis-based gait rehabilitation in post-stroke.Gait speed was the primary outcome measure most reported.There is limited evidence on use impairment and participation outcome measures to measure meaningful changes due to orthotic-based rehabilitation.Outcome measures were mainly recorded by non-wearable motion capture systems. PMID: 31815572 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that EAGT and conventional gait training in the subacute stage after stroke have no differential impact on self-perceived functioning, disability and recovery at 6 months after stroke. Further, the study highlights the importance of interventions targeting ADL and self-care independence during stroke rehabilitation to enhance self-perceived recovery and clinical aspects to be targeted to enhance perceived mobility. PMID: 31868699 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: NeuroRehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: NeuroRehabilitation Source Type: research
Conclusion: People after stroke who were physically able to walk independently still described multiple barriers to gait-related participation in all components of the ICF framework. PMID: 31793365 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Available trials provided insufficient evidence to permit any conclusions about routine use of rPMS for people after stroke. Additional trials with large sample sizes are needed to provide robust evidence for rPMS after stroke. PMID: 31784991 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
ConclusionSSRI therapy did not improve disability and QOL in multi-ethnic Asian patients with first-ever stroke undergoing rehabilitation.
Source: Drugs in R&D - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Among the new rehabilitation strategies aimed at improving independent walking after stroke, the body weight-support training allows an early and controlled ambulatory training. To date, most available studies are based on treadmill body weight-support (BWS) training and involve patients with chronic stroke sequelae. In contrast, the effects of a BWS training performed on the ground in patients with subacute hemiparesis (stroke within 4 weeks), with significant gait deficiencies, is unknown. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a rehabilitative program that combines conventional approach with an ea...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Conclusion: This study opens the way for future researchers, psychologists, physiotherapist and other practitioners to do more extensive work in the domain of virtual reality with different sample, constructs and approaches.Implications for rehabilitationIt has become increasing important to introduce new state-to-art technologies in domain of rehabilitation.People are reluctant to use all the traditional modes of treatment. As these conventional ways of treatment are least motivating and interesting to indulge the patients without force and burden. It is evident in the present study that addition of virtual reality-based ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research
Conclusions: The cycle ergometer aerobic exercise did not seem to improve balance or functional capacity in post-stroke patients. IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION Aerobic exercise with cycle ergometer does not improve balance in patients after chronic stroke, but the results for functional capacity are more promising. Beneficial changes in functional capacity can be seen after 12-4 weeks of training, and are dependent on the initial level of physical fitness of each individual. The use of the cycle-ergometer to improve balance and functional capacity was not superior when compared to conventional physiotherapy; therefore, a...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
Conclusions: Results from this study revealed complexity in the clinical reasoning process used in physical therapy practice to determine the best walking assistive device for patients with stroke and brain injury during inpatient rehabilitation. Information from this study can inform post-acute physical therapy practice and education, and may reduce device abandonment. Implications for rehabilitation Clinical reasoning (CR) is a complex process in which a clinician must consider multiple factors, which requires non-linear and iterative thinking, and involves many people, making it shared among the patient, caregivers, and...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research
Conclusions: Acupuncture therapy seems effective for motor function, pain relief and activities of daily living in stroke patients with mild SHS, when it is used in combination with rehabilitation. The low certainty of evidence downgrades our confidence in making recommendations to clinical practice. Introduction Shoulder-hand syndrome (SHS) is a common condition among people who have had a stroke, with its reported prevalence ranging from 12% to 49% (1, 2). The main symptoms of SHS include pain, hyperalgesia, joint swelling and limitations in range of motion (ROM) (3). Post-stroke SHS is also named type I complex ...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Christophe Duret1,2*, Anne-Gaëlle Grosmaire1 and Hermano Igo Krebs3,4,5,6,7,8 1Centre de Rééducation Fonctionnelle Les Trois Soleils, Médecine Physique et de Réadaptation, Unité de Neurorééducation, Boissise-Le-Roi, France 2Centre Hospitalier Sud Francilien, Neurologie, Corbeil-Essonnes, France 3Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, United States 4Department of Neurology, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, United States 5Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Fujita Health University, Nago...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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