Anti-Phospholipase A2 Receptor (Anti-PLA2R) Antibody in Diagnosis and Treatment of Idiopathic Membranous Nephropathy: A Single-Center Observational Study in China.

CONCLUSIONS Serum anti-PLA2R antibody, as determined by non-invasive technique, is a specific biomarker for diagnosis of IMN. Our results suggest that serum anti-PLA2R antibody has great potential to guide clinical diagnosis and treatment, as well as prognosis determination, in IMN patients. PMID: 31813930 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research

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Abstract Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a hypercoagulable state due to a variety of mechanisms. Herein, we discuss the case of a 40-year-old gentleman who presented with cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) as the first manifestation of underlying SLE. On initial presentation, he did not endorse any other signs and symptoms to suggest the presence of an autoimmune condition. Work-up revealed an absence of antiphospholipid antibodies. Further evaluation uncovered the underlying etiology of the CVST as SLE-induced nephrotic syndrome. The existing literature on CVST suggests that there are only two other bi...
Source: Lupus - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Lupus Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The linear peptide of α3141-154 could induce clinical and histopathological features of MN in DBA/1 mice, which might give clues to the mechanism of MN in combination with anti-GBM disease. PMID: 31927545 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Am J Nephrol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Collectively, these observations suggest that a specific pathogenic link between SSNS development and alteration in CENPI exists. However, human mutations in CENPI causing SSNS have not been reported hitherto. Identification of genetic defects underlying SSNS will help in understanding the precise aetiology of SSNS and improved management of children with NS. PMID: 31912435 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: J Nephrol Source Type: research
ConclusionThese findings suggest that curcumin, as a multifunctional agent, exerts a protective effect on DOX-induced nephrotic syndrome in rats, which provides a pharmacological basis for the further development of curcumin and also provides a basis for the advantages of multi-targeted drugs in the processing of NS.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Resistant lupus nephritis (LN) has been associated with the persistence of long-lived plasma cells. Preliminary studies identified bortezomib as a potential treatment option for patients with refractory LN. The aim of this study was to analyze the efficacy and safety of bortezomib in the treatment of severe refractory LN. METHODS: This retrospective study included 12 female patients diagnosed for the first time with class IV or IV/V LN with acute or rapidly progressive kidney injury (n = 11) and/or severe nephrotic syndrome (n = 1) who showed res...
Source: Lupus - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Lupus Source Type: research
AbstractNephrotic syndrome is traditionally defined using the triad of edema, hypoalbuminemia, and proteinuria, but this syndrome is very heterogeneous and difficult to clarify. Its idiopathic form (INS) is probably the most harmful and essentially comprises two entities: minimal change disease (MCD) and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). We will consider some hypotheses regarding the mechanisms underlying INS: (i) the presence of several glomerular permeability factors in the sera of patients that alter the morphology and function of podocytes leading to proteinuria, (ii) the putative role of immune cells. Thanks ...
Source: Cell and Tissue Research - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
ConclusionsUPCR showed strong correlation and consistency with 24HUPr for evaluating levels of proteinuria in children. UPCR
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS Collectively, our data suggest an important role for the C-terminal half of cubilin in renal albumin reabsorption. Albuminuria due to reduced cubilin function could be an unexpectedly common benign condition in humans that may not require any proteinuria-lowering treatment or renal biopsy.FUNDING ATIP-Avenir program, Fondation Bettencourt-Schueller (Liliane Bettencourt Chair of Developmental Biology), Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR) Investissements d’avenir program (ANR-10-IAHU-01) and NEPHROFLY (ANR-14-ACHN-0013, to MS), Steno Collaborative Grant 2018 (NNF18OC0052457, to TSA and MS), Heisenberg Pr...
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: To date RCTs have demonstrated that CNIs may increase the likelihood of complete or partial remission compared with placebo/no treatment or CPA. For other regimens assessed, it remains uncertain whether the interventions alter outcomes because the certainty of the evidence is low. Further adequately powered, well designed RCTs are needed to evaluate other regimens for children with idiopathic SRNS. Since SRNS represents a spectrum of diseases, future studies should enrol children from better defined groups of patients with SRNS. PMID: 31749142 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
Conditions:   Idiopathic Nephrotic Syndrome;   Frequently Relapsing Nephrotic Syndrome Intervention:   Device: Transcutaneous Auricular Vagus Nerve (taVNS) stimulation Sponsor:   Northwell Health Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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