Spinal sagittal alignment, spinal shrinkage, and back pain changes in office workers during a workday.

CONCLUSIONS: Spinal shrinkage equally affects men and women who perform the same work. There are no changes in spinal sagittal alignment throughout the workday in office workers. Office workers increase pain in the upper back significantly at the end of the day. PMID: 31813341 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

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The objective was to investigate the electromyographic activity of the lumbar multifidus (MF) muscle and longissimus thoracis muscle, along with their activity ratio (MF longissimus thoracis ratio), during quadruped stabilization exercise performed with neutral posture and with increased lumbar lordosis in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). A total of 23 patients with CLBP (12 females and 11 males) were recruited based on inclusion and exclusion criterion. Each patient performed 4 exercises in random order, with surface electromyography electrodes and an electrogoniometer attached. A cross-sectional study design w...
Source: Journal of Applied Biomechanics - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Appl Biomech Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: RhTSG-6 can attenuate ECM degradation and apoptosis in IL-1β-induced NP cells by inhibiting the p38, JNK and ERK pathways, which may contribute to its potential application in the therapy of IDD. PMID: 32936927 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica - Category: Cytology Tags: Folia Histochem Cytobiol Source Type: research
Physical therapy (PT) exercise is an evidence-based intervention for non-specific chronic low back pain, spinal deformities and poor posture. Home based PT programs are aimed at strengthening core muscle groups, improving mobility and flexibility, and promoting proper posture. However, assessing unsupervised home-based PT outcomes is a generally difficult problem due to lack of reliable methods to monitor execution correctness and compliance. We propose a monitoring method consisting of a wearable sensor array to monitor three geodesic distances between two points on the surface of the shoulders and one point on the l...
Source: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
Authors: Santonja-Medina F, Andújar P, Collazo M, Pastor A, Santonja-Renedo F, Martinez-Romero MT, Aparicio-Sarmiento A, Cejudo A, de Baranda PS Abstract BACKGROUND: The child's spine shows changes in posture and balance of its curvatures during growth and musculoskeletal spinal conditions are likely to develop, such as back pain (BP). OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were (a) to describe the sagittal spinal alignment in a relaxed standing position and (b) to analyze its association with BP among 8 to 12-year-old children. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. A total of 731 elementary scho...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate clinical-radiological outcomes and complications of the ATP approach at the L5-S1 segment in a single cohort of patients. METHODS: This is a prospective single-center study, conducted from 2016 to 2019. Consecutive patients who underwent ATP at the L5-S1 segment for degenerative disc disease or revision surgery after previous posterior procedures were considered for eligibility. Complete clinical-radiological documentation and a minimum follow-up of 12 months were set as inclusion criteria. Clinical patient-reported outcomes, such as the visual analog scale for low-back pain, Oswestry D...
Source: Neurosurgical Focus - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Neurosurg Focus Source Type: research
Considerable confusion exists as to the incidence and severity of low back problems in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis fused to the lower lumbar spine.
Source: The Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Thursday, October 8, 2020 7:25 – 8:25 Multidisciplinary Abstract Presentations: Session 1 Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This short-segment fusion procedure is relatively minimally invasive, and local reconstruction and bone fusion have been achieved. This procedure is considered to be attempted for the surgical treatment of osteoporotic vertebral pseudarthrosis after OVF. PMID: 32823261 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery.Spine - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: J Neurosurg Spine Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: We recommend using the combination of 3D Slicer and Sina to assist surgeons in handling accurate 3D information of GISS while simultaneously simulating the surgery. PMID: 32777234 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research
Conclusions: Although one-third of subjects experienced decrease of LBP after TKAs, the sagittal global imbalance was not restored through the removal of knee flexion contracture. PMID: 32693445 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Asian Spine J Source Type: research
Effectiveness of Short-Segment Fixation versus Long-Segment Fixation for Degenerative Scoliosis with Cobb Angle 20°~40°: A Retrospective Observational Study. Med Sci Monit. 2020 Jul 22;26:e923656 Authors: Li Y, Ou Y, Zhu Y, He B, Xu S, Yu H Abstract BACKGROUND There remains a great deal of controversy regarding the selection of long-segment fixation and short-segment fixation, especially for degenerative scoliosis (DS) patients with Cobb angle 20°~40°. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of different fixation levels in DS patients with Cobb angle 20°~40°. MA...
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
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