Gastric Bypass Surgery Linked to Bone-Strength Improvement in New Study Gastric Bypass Surgery Linked to Bone-Strength Improvement in New Study

Bone strength increases in the year after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery in patients with and without type 2 diabetes, researchers from Norway report.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape Orthopaedics Headlines - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Orthopaedics News Source Type: news

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To assess long-term alterations in circulating magnesium status after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery, RYGB, and associations with remission of type 2 diabetes (T2D).Research design and methods: Retrospective analysis of five year outcome of plasma magnesium (p-Mg) and glucometabolic status in patients who underwent primary RYGB and who completed the annual follow-up program. Data from 84 patients without diabetes and 62 with T2D before RYGB showing prolonged remission (n=30), temporary remission (n=16) or no remission (n=16) after surgery were investigated.
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Original articles Source Type: research
Bariatric and metabolic surgery (BMS) is the most effective treatment for obesity, type 2 diabetes (T2D) and comorbidities, including nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The beneficial effects of BMS are beyond the primary goal of gastric restriction and nutrients malabsorption. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG) are the two most commonly performed procedures of BMS. Both surgeries lead to physiological changes in gastrointestinal tract; subsequently alter bile acids pool and composition, gut microbial activities, gut hormones and circulating ...
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract The alarming rise in obesity and relative lack of pharmacotherapies to treat, what is becoming a global epidemic, has necessitated that an increasing number of bariatric procedures be performed. Several surgical techniques have been developed during the last 50 years and the advent of laparoscopic surgery has increased the safety and efficacy of these procedures. Bariatric surgery is by a substantial margin, the most efficacious means of achieving sustained weight loss maintenance in patients with obesity. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB) elicits the most favourable metabolic outcomes with attendan...
Source: Appetite - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Appetite Source Type: research
In SOARD, Aminian published a review article about remission rates of type 2 diabetes (T2D) after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) based on four randomised control trials which have data to compare these two procedures after five years [1]. Combined analysis (n=351) found no statistical significant difference in remission rates at five years. Although a trend towards greater remission after RYGBP, the difference at best favours RYGBP by 15%. He argued for a balanced view when selecting a metabolic procedure.
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
(Lund University) In many studies, bariatric surgery has been highlighted as an almost magical method for weight loss and reversing type 2 diabetes. One question that has remained largely unanswered is how the effect of surgery differs from the effects of a strict low-calorie diet. This question has now been examined by researchers at Lund University in Sweden in a study published in the journal Diabetes.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
AbstractObesity is the main cause of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery is an effective treatment for this obesity-related health problem. However, the adverse effects of T2DM on bone tissue persist or even aggravate after this surgical procedure. As studies on the mandibular condyle bone are scarce, the aim of the present study was to assess its compositional characteristics in T2DM and RYGB conditions. Thirty-two male C57BL/6 mice at 8  weeks of age were randomly assigned to receive either a high-fat or low-fat diet. After 14 weeks of high-fat diet intake, seven obese mice ...
Source: Calcified Tissue International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Authors: Yan Y, Wang F, Chen H, Zhao X, Yin D, Hui Y, Ma N, Yang C, Zheng Z, Zhang T, Xu N, Wang G Abstract OBJECTIVE: This prospective study compared the efficacy and safety of laparoscopic gastric bypass and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy in treating overweight and obese patients with BMI>28 kg/m2 and type-2 diabetes. METHODS: Patients were randomized into a gastric bypass group (n=77) or a gastrectomy group (n=80). The surgery time, intraoperative blood loss, recovery time, and hospitalization time were collected. BMI, waistline, hipline, C-peptide level, insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR), and their blo...
Source: British Journal of Biomedical Science - Category: Laboratory Medicine Tags: Br J Biomed Sci Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: gastric bypass is an effective method for the resolution of comorbidities and reduction of cardiovascular risk, but it is very important to monitor as many patients as possible, and to report on the long-term results, to determine the real effectiveness of these procedures. PMID: 32686438 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Nutricion Hospitalaria - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Nutr Hosp Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: RYGB was associated with systemic and GI metabolic reprogramming. DCA alterations links ω and β fatty acid oxidation to homeostatic mechanisms, including TCA cycle improvement. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32654184 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research
no LK Abstract Purpose To analyze, in aged obese patients, the weight loss, comorbidity control, and safety postoperative complications of bariatric surgery by Roux-en-Y gastric bypass technique. Methods Twenty-seven patients who underwent laparoscopic weight-reducing gastroplasty with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass to treat obesity were included. All patients were ≥ 60 years old at the time of surgery. The Wilcoxon test was used for statistical analysis, and a p-value ≤0.05it was considered significant. Results Ten (90.9%) patients with dyslipidemia were cured (p
Source: Acta Cirurgica Brasileira - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Acta Cir Bras Source Type: research
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