Complication Rates Using CASPER Dual-Layer Stents for Carotid Artery Stenting in Acute Stroke

ConclusionsThe CASPER stent system showed a  high technical success rate in patients with acute stroke. The number of patients with sICH was not higher than the numbers reported in the published literature despite the early use of Gp IIb/IIIA inhibitors, whereas the number of thrombotic complications was smaller than that reported in recent studies. The majority of sICH occurred in patients treated because of tandem lesions in an unknown or prolonged time window.
Source: Clinical Neuroradiology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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Conclusions: At least 27 pediatric neurocritical care centers use transcranial Doppler during clinical care. In the majority of centers, studies are performed and interpreted by credentialed personnel, and findings are used to guide clinical management. Further studies are needed to standardize these practices.
Source: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine - Category: Pediatrics Tags: Neurocritical Care Source Type: research
AbstractThis meta-analysis was conducted to assess the safety and efficacy of sonothrombolysis along with intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator, alteplase (IV rtPA), in the management of acute ischemic stroke. Electronic databases were searched under different meSH terms without the restriction of time and language. 1415 studies were analyzed and seven studies that matched the inclusion criteria were selected. Multiple safety and efficacy outcomes were extracted. Our pooled analysis demonstrated that there is no significant difference between sonothrombolysis group and control group in preventing mortality (...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Embolism associated with asymptomatic carotid stenosis shows circadian variation with highest rates 4–6 h before midday. This corresponds with peak circadian incidence of stroke and other vascular complications. These and ASED Study results show that monitoring frequency, duration, and time of day are important in ES detection. Introduction Transcranial Doppler (TCD) detected microembolism in the ipsilateral middle cerebral artery (MCA) may help stratify the risk of stroke and other arterial disease complications in persons with advanced (≥60%) asymptomatic carotid stenosis. If so, this techniqu...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Ahmed Mohamed Elhfnawy1*, Peter U. Heuschmann2, Mirko Pham3†, Jens Volkmann1† and Felix Fluri1,4 1Department of Neurology, University Hospital Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany 2Institute of Clinical Epidemiology and Biometry, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany 3Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany 4Department of Neurology, Kantonssptial St. Gallen, St. Gallen, Switzerland Background and Purpose: Internal carotid artery stenosis (ICAS)≥70% is a leading cause of ischemic cerebrovascular event...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 4 April 2019Source: Journal of NeuroradiologyAuthor(s): Michele Porcu, Michele Anzidei, Jasjit S. Suri, Bruce A Wasserman, Nicoletta Anzalone, Pierleone Lucatelli, Federico Loi, Roberto Montisci, Roberto Sanfilippo, Vasileios Rafailidis, Luca SabaAbstractIntraplaque hemorrhage (IPH) is one of the main factors involved in atherosclerotic plaque (AP) instability. Its recognition is crucial for the correct staging and management of patients with carotid artery plaques to limit ischemic stroke. Imaging plays a crucial role in identifying IPH, even if the great variability of intraplaque vascu...
Source: Journal of Neuroradiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 4 February 2019Source: Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical SciencesAuthor(s): Ting Huang, Ni Li, Jianqing GaoAbstractThrombus formed in blood vessel is a progressive process, which would lead to life-threatening thrombotic diseases such as ischemic stroke. Unlike other diseases, the recognition of thrombus is usually in the late stage where blood vessels are largely blocked. So acute thrombotic diseases have a narrow therapeutic window, and remain leading causes of morbidity and mortality, whereas current thrombolysis therapy has limited therapeutic effects and bleeding complications. Th...
Source: Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
The lytic recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) is the only drug approved by the Food and Drug Administration for treating ischemic stroke. Less than 40% of patients with large vessel occlusions who are treated with rt-PA have improved blood flow. However, up to 6% of all patients receiving rt-PA develop intracerebral hemorrhage. Predicting the efficacy of rt-PA treatment a priori could help guide therapeutic decision making, such that rt-PA is administered only to those individuals who would benefit from this treatment.
Source: Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Original Contribution Source Type: research
Rationale: Intravenous thrombolysis is the primary therapy for acute ischemic stroke (AIS), but it has some complications, including symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage, orolingual angioedema, and extracranial bleeding. However, thyroid disorders associated with thrombolysis are very rare. Patient concerns: A 56-year-old man developed acute pain and neck swelling after thrombolysis with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator. Diagnoses: Ultrasound revealed a diffusely enlarged thyroid with linear hypoechoic areas throughout the entire gland, resembling a “cracked” appearance. Interventions: The pat...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Publication date: March 2018Source: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska, Volume 52, Issue 2Author(s): Marta Skowronska, Anna Piorkowska, Anna CzlonkowskaAbstractObjectivesThere is little data about sex differences in carotid atherosclerosis in the early phase after an ischemic event. The aim of this study was to examine the carotid artery atherosclerosis differences between men and women in early phase after TIA or stroke.MethodsConsecutive patients with recent ischemic event, admitted during the first week after symptom onset were examined with ultrasound. Sex differences in degree of stenosis, number of plaques and plaque...
Source: Polish Journal of Neurology and Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
Background and Purpose—Diagnostic transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD) is commonly used in patients with acute stroke before or during treatment with intravenous thrombolysis (IVT). We aimed to assess how much TCD delays IVT initiation and whether TCD influences outcomes.Methods—We analyzed data from the SITS-ISTR (Safe Implementation of Thrombolysis in Stroke–International Stroke Thrombolysis Register) collected from December 2002 to December 2011. Outcomes were door-to-needle time, symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage, functional outcome per the modified Rankin Scale, and mortality at 3 months.Results&...
Source: Stroke - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Ultrasound, Health Services, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research
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