Inter-Arm Blood Pressure Difference in Diabetes Mellitus and Its Preferential Association with Peripheral Artery Disease.

CONCLUSION: Thus, diabetes mellitus itself was not an independent factor associated with IAD. A larger IAD was preferentially associated with the presence of PAD, and this association was modified by age. PMID: 31813900 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research

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WEST NILE VIRUS INFECTION WITH NEUROLOGICAL DISORDERS: A CASE REPORT AND A BRIEF REVIEW OF THE SITUATION IN BULGARIA. Acta Clin Croat. 2019 Sep;58(3):546-549 Authors: Baymakova M, Christova I, Panayotova E, Trifonova I, Chobanov A, Daskalov I, Popov GT, Plochev K Abstract A case of a 66-year-old man with West Nile neuroinvassive disease manifested with fever, weakness, fatigue, consciousness disorders and underlying diabetes mellitus type 2 and cardiovascular diseases is presented. Laboratory data showed elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate and fibrinogen. Serological tests revealed West Nile virus ...
Source: Acta Clinica Croatica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Clin Croat Source Type: research
We describe a case of aggressive progression of TA in an infant. This child was the youngest to be affected with the disease as reported in the literature. A 3.5-month-old boy presented with cyanosis of both legs, tachycardia and antithrombin III deficiency. Computed tomography angiography (CTA) revealed thrombosis of distal aorta and both iliac arteries. Thrombectomy was performed at the level of both common femoral arteries. In addition, thigh amputation of the left leg had to be performed. TA was diagnosed postmortem with thrombosis of the distal aorta, its branches and upper mesenteric artery which was not occluded on ...
Source: Acta Clinica Croatica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Clin Croat Source Type: research
This study has been carried out to examine the effect of SSF by Rhizopus oryzae on the bioactive content, bioactivity, bioaccessibility and bioavailability of 4 different varieties of rice bran. In vitro digestion with dialysis was carried out to assess the bioavailability and bioaccessibility of rice bran bioactives. Methanolic extracts and digested fractions of fermented and unfermented rice brans were analyzed for total phenolic (TPC), flavonoid (TF), carotenoid (TC), and total anthocyanin content (TAC). Additionally, antioxidant activity, anti-inflammatory property and the anti-diabetic property was also evaluated. The...
Source: Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 January 2020Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Irshad Ahmad, Muddasarul HodaAbstractResveratrol is an important phenolic phytochemical from the therapeutic perspective. It has therapeutic impacts over wide range of diseases, especially the ones related to oxidative stress. Resveratrol, being primarily a potent anti-oxidant phytochemical, has significant impact against major diseases as inflammatory disorders, diabetes, and cancer. In the current review article, we intend to highlight the molecular aspects of the mechanism of action of resveratrol against major diabetic implications, namel...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated different bioactive compounds in marine resources that may be potentially useful in treating or managing diabetes, as well as describe the various therapeutic mechanisms affecting diabetes and its complications, including inhibition of α-amylase, α-glucosidase, β -glucosidase, glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK-3β), lipase, aldose reductase, protein tyrosine phosphatases 1B (PTP1B) and dipeptidyl peptidase IV   (DPP-4), prevention of insulin resistance, increased phosphorylation of the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and adjusting the metabolism of glucose ...
Source: Process Biochemistry - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
In conclusion, the present study identified canagliflozin as a potent inhibitor of human EC proliferation. The anti-proliferative action of canagliflozin is observed in ECs isolated from both the venous and arterial circulation, and is partly due to the blockade of cyclin A expression. In addition, this study found that canagliflozin inhibits tube formation in cultured ECs and mouse aortic rings. Notably, these actions are specific for canagliflozin and not seen with other SGLT2 inhibitors. The ability of canagliflozin to exert these pleiotropic effects on EC function may contribute to both the adverse and salutary actions...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Abstract Leptin, an adipokine that is implicated in the control of food intake via appetite suppression, may also stimulate oxidative stress, inflammation, thrombosis, arterial stiffness, angiogenesis and atherogenesis. These leptin-induced effects may predispose to the development of cardiovascular diseases. In the present review we discuss the evidence linking leptin levels with the presence, severity and/or prognosis of both coronary artery disease and non-cardiac vascular diseases such as stroke, carotid artery disease, peripheral artery disease (PAD) and abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) as well as with chroni...
Source: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Acta Pharmacol Sin Source Type: research
Conclusions—Mild acutely presenting stroke patients are more likely to receive thrombolysis if they are young, white, or Hispanic and arrive early to the hospital with more severe neurological presentation. Identification of predictors of thrombolysis is important in design of future studies to assess the use of thrombolysis for mild stroke.
Source: Stroke - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) Original Contributions Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to report on the effect of using CHA2DS2VASc (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age ≥75 years [doubled], type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus, stroke or transient ischemic attack or thromboembolism [doubled], vascular disease [prior myocardial infarction, peripheral artery disease, or aortic plaque], age 65-75 years, sex category [female]) rather than CHADS2 (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age ≥75 years, diabetes mellitus, and prior stroke) to determine candidacy for anticoagulant prophylaxis in insured patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). M...
Source: Clinical Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Clin Ther Source Type: research
Miramontes JP, Mata P, SAFEHEART Investigators Abstract OBJECTIVE: Heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is the most common premature atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD)-related monogenic disorder, and it is associated with ischemic heart disease. There is limited information whether FH increases the risk of peripheral arterial and cerebrovascular disease. Our aim was to analyze ASCVD prevalence and characteristics in different arterial territories in a large FH population, to compare them with an unaffected control population and to determine which factors are associated to ASCVD. APPROA...
Source: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol Source Type: research
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