Coronary artery size in North Indian population – Intravascular ultrasound-based study

Publication date: Available online 5 November 2019Source: Indian Heart JournalAuthor(s): Sreenivas Reddy, Suraj Kumar, Jeet Ram Kashyap, Raghavendra Rao, Vikas Kadiyala, Hithesh Reddy, Naindeep Kaur, Vadivelu Ramalingam, Jaspreet KaurAbstractObjectiveThe coronary artery dimensions have important diagnostic and therapeutic implications in management of coronary artery disease (CAD). There is paucity of data on the coronary artery size in the Indian population as measured by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS).MethodsA total of 303 patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with intravascular ultrasound underwent analysis along with quantitative coronary angiography (QCA). Of the 492 proximal coronary segments; 221 relating to left main (LM), 164 to left anterior descending artery (LAD), 45 to left circumflex artery (LCX), and 62 to right coronary artery (RCA) were considered.ResultsPatient's mean age was 53.37 ± 3.5 years; men 80%; hypertension 35% and diabetes 24.8%. On IVUS, mean minimal lumen diameter as compared to QCA in LM (4.60 mm versus 4.50 mm, p
Source: Indian Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

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ConclusionP. karwinskii leaf extract inhibited reactive oxygen species and exerted an anti-inflammatory effect. Moreover, this extract did not induce gastric damage in the animals. The bioactivity of the species was found to support its traditional use in traditional medicine. This orchid could be used to treat inflammatory diseases without causing the side effects associated with Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. It can also be employed to treat other pathological conditions associated with oxidative stress. The findings herein form the basis for the future discovery of natural products that may serve as safe alternat...
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 January 2020Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Basis of DiseaseAuthor(s): Lu Han, Stefanie Bittner, Dachuan Dong, Yuan Cortez, Alex Bittner, Jackie Chan, Meenakshi Umar, Wen-Jun Shen, Richard G. Peterson, Fredric B. Kraemer, Salman AzharAbstractIn recent years, the prevalence of obesity, metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes is increasing dramatically. They share pathophysiological mechanisms and often lead to cardiovascular diseases. The ZDSD rat was suggested as a new animal model to study diabetes and the metabolic syndrome. In the current study, we have furthe...
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Molecular Basis of Disease - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
This article reviews the state of the art and major unanswered questions related to ocular vascular anatomy and physiology, ocular imaging techniques, clinical findings in glaucoma and other eye diseases, and mechanistic modeling predictions, while laying a path for integrating clinical observations with mathematical models and artificial intelligence. Viable alternatives for integrated data analysis are proposed that aim to overcome the limitations of standard statistical approaches and enable individually tailored precision medicine in ophthalmology.
Source: Progress in Retinal and Eye Research - Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research
Publication date: March 2020Source: Journal of Functional Foods, Volume 66Author(s): Gisela Gerardi, Mónica Cavia-Saiz, Raquel del Pino-García, María D. Rivero-Pérez, María L. González-SanJosé, Pilar MuñizAbstractVascular remodeling in hypertension and diabetes is characterized by a low-grade inflammation of the arterial wall and enhanced oxidative stress. Wine pomace products attenuate hyperglycemia and hypertension through reduction of oxidative stress and inflammation by their polyphenol composition. The aim of the study was to assess the influence of the wine poma...
Source: Journal of Functional Foods - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Conclusion: Incidence and risk of postoperative AKI were significantly higher in PA patients after surgical treatment. High ACR on the tumor side and high LI were associated with higher risk of AKI in PA patients compared to pheochromocytoma patients. PMID: 31969923 [PubMed]
Source: Electrolyte and Blood Pressure - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Electrolyte Blood Press Source Type: research
We report the epidemiological, clinical, laboratory, and radiological characteristics and treatment and clinical outcomes of these patients.MethodsAll patients with suspected 2019-nCoV were admitted to a designated hospital in Wuhan. We prospectively collected and analysed data on patients with laboratory-confirmed 2019-nCoV infection by real-time RT-PCR and next-generation sequencing. Data were obtained with standardised data collection forms shared by the International Severe Acute Respiratory and Emerging Infection Consortium from electronic medical records. Researchers also directly communicated with patients or their ...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions: The relationship between LDH and in-hospital mortality in AAD patients is nonlinear. LDH was positively related with in-hospital mortality when LDH is more than 557. PMID: 31969993 [PubMed]
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research
Conclusions: Given that Latinos in the United States are at higher risk for obesity, diabetes, and hypertension, understanding the patterns of sleep among this population can help identify strategies to improve sleep habits in order to reduce disease burden. PMID: 31969791 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Ethnicity and Disease - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ethn Dis Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The influence of traditional cardiovascular risk factors on cIMT and carotid plaque is similar in RA and SLE. PMID: 31969232 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionMetabolic syndrome (MetS) is a risk factor for cardiovascular-related morbidity and mortality. Although the risk factors for MetS are well documented, differences in gender-based demographics among Kenyan adults with central obesity are lacking.AimDetermine gender differences in the pattern of socio-demographics relevant to metabolic syndrome among Kenyan adults with central obesity at a mission hospital, Nairobi.MethodsA cross-sectional baseline survey involving adults (N  = 404) with central obesity aged 18–64 years, as part of a community-based lifestyle intervention study. R...
Source: High Blood Pressure and Cardiovascular Prevention - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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