Long‐Term Experience of Chemoradiotherapy Combined with Deep Regional Hyperthermia for Organ Preservation in High‐Risk Bladder Cancer (Ta, Tis, T1, T2)

Conclusion.The multimodal treatment consisted of a maximal TUR‐BT followed by RT; concomitant platinum‐based chemotherapy combined with RHT in patients with high‐grade bladder cancer improves local control, bladder‐preservation rate, and OS. It offers a promising alternative to surgical therapies like radical cystectomy.Implications for Practice.Radical cystectomy with appropriate lymph node dissection has long represented the standard of care for muscle‐invasive bladder cancer in medically fit patients, despite many centers reporting excellent long‐term results for bladder preserving strategies. This retrospective analysis compares different therapeutic modalities in bladder‐preservation therapy. The results of this study show that multimodal treatment consisting of maximal transurethral resection of bladder tumor followed by radiotherapy, concomitant platinum‐based chemotherapy combined with regional deep hyperthermia in patients with Ta, Tis, T1–2 bladder carcinomas improves local control, bladder‐preservation rate, and survival. More importantly, these findings offer a promising alternative to surgical therapies like radical cystectomy. The authors hope that, in the future, closer collaboration between urologists and radiotherapists will further improve treatments and therapies for the benefit of patients.
Source: The Oncologist - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Radiation Oncology, Genitourinary Cancer Source Type: research

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Conditions:   Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma;   Stage III Bladder Cancer AJCC v8;   Stage IIIA Bladder Cancer AJCC v8;   Stage IIIB Bladder Cancer AJCC v8 Interventions:   Drug: Carboplatin;   Drug: Cisplatin;   Drug: Doxorubicin;   Drug: Doxorubicin Hydrochloride;   Biological: Durvalumab;   Drug: Fluorouracil;   Drug: Gemcitabine;   Drug: Gemcitabine Hydrochloride;   Drug: Methotrexate;   Drug: Mitomycin;  ...
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Authors: Naito T, Higuchi T, Shimada Y, Kakinuma C Abstract Nonmuscle-invasive (superficial) bladder cancer is generally treated via surgical removal, followed by adjuvant therapy (bacillus Calmette-Guerin). However, bladder cancer can often recur, and in a substantial number of recurrent cases, the cancer progresses and metastasizes. Furthermore, residual microtumors following excision may lead to an increased risk of recurrence. An in vivo model mimicking the pattern of urinary bladder microtumor regrowth may provide an effective experimental system for improving postsurgical treatment outcomes. A mouse bladder c...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Ericson KJ, Murthy PB, Bryk DJ, Ramkumar RR, Broughman JR, Khanna A, Mian OY, Campbell SC Abstract Bladder-sparing therapies for the treatment of nonmetastatic muscle-invasive bladder cancers are included in both American and European guidelines. Numerous treatment approaches have been described, including partial cystectomy, radiation monotherapy, and radical transurethral resection. However, the most oncologically favorable and well-studied regimen employs a multimodal approach that consists of maximal transurethral resection of the bladder tumor followed by concurrent radiosensitizing chemotherapy and r...
Source: Clinical Advances in Hematology and Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Clin Adv Hematol Oncol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Frozen section exams were useful to the urologist during radical cystectomy for urothelial carcinoma. The performances of the frozen section exams carried out were excellent. The information of the urologist of the positive frozen section leeds to modify its management during the intervention in all the studied cases with the exception of one case. PMID: 31843294 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Progres en Urologie - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Prog Urol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: pT and pN stages were identified as independent predictors of CSM after RC. The administration of ADJ in our series behaved as a protective factor reducing the risk of CSM, although only pN+ patients were benefited in the stage analysis. PMID: 31866159 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Actas Urol Esp Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: We investigated the relationship between timing of adjuvant chemotherapy on overall survival following radical cystectomy. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the National Cancer Data Base for patients with newly diagnosed pT2-T4, N0, M0 urothelial cell carcinoma who received no treatment prior to radical cystectomy. Patients who received no adjuvant chemotherapy or who received adjuvant chemotherapy more than 45 days after radical cystectomy were propensity matched to patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy within 45 days of radical cystectomy. Selection bias was assessed by comparing ...
Source: Urologic Oncology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Urol Oncol Source Type: research
Conclusions: Pretreatment NLR is a useful biomarker for disease aggressiveness, oncological outcome, and treatment response in the management of patients with urothelial carcinoma. More evidence is needed to clarify these results.
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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