Pain without gain?: Impact of school rationalisation in India

Publication date: January 2020Source: International Journal of Educational Development, Volume 72Author(s): Ambrish Dongre, Vibhu TewaryAbstractAlarmed by declining enrolment in government schools and potentially adverse academic, administrative and fiscal consequences associated with it, policy makers in India have initiated experimenting with closure of government schools with low enrolments (‘small’ schools), an exercise commonly referred to as ‘school rationalisation’. However, the impact of this policy on access to schooling and learning remains empirically unexplored. Utilising ASER 2014 data, this paper asks three key questions: (a) what are the characteristics of villages in which ‘small’ schools are located?, (b) what options would students have if ‘small schools’ were to be closed, and finally (c) what are the differences in characteristics of ‘small’ and non-‘small’ schools? Results indicate that the villages which have ‘small’ schools are more disadvantaged in terms of essential public services such as all-weather roads leading to village, availability of government health facilities or banks and post offices. Additionally, these villages are less likely to have an alternative to the ‘small’ school, either government or private. Results also show that ‘small schools’ are much more likely to have multi-grade teaching. They are less likely to have basic infras...
Source: International Journal of Educational Development - Category: Child Development Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 15 January 2020Source: Neuroscience &Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Anna Xu, Bart Larsen, Erica B. Baller, J. Cobb Scott, Vaishnavi Sharma, Azeez Adebimpe, Allan I. Basbaum, Robert H. Dworkin, Robert R. Edwards, Clifford J. Woolf, Simon B. Eickhoff, Claudia R. Eickhoff, Theodore D. SatterthwaiteAbstractCharacterizing a reliable, pain-related neural signature is critical for translational applications. Many prior fMRI studies have examined acute nociceptive pain-related brain activation in healthy participants. However, synthesizing these data to identify convergent patterns of activa...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Agromedicine - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: research
Link N suppresses interleukin-1β-induced biological effects on human osteoarthritic cartilage. Eur Cell Mater. 2020 Jan 15;39:65-76 Authors: Alaqeel M, Grant MP, Epure LM, Salem O, AlShaer A, Huk OL, Bergeron SG, Zukor DJ, Kc R, Im HJ, Anbazhagan AN, Antoniou J, Mwale F Abstract Osteoarthritis (OA) is a disease of diarthrodial joints associated with extracellular matrix proteolytic degradation under inflammatory conditions, pain and disability. Currently, there is no therapy to prevent, reverse or modulate the disease course. The present study aimed at evaluating the regenerative potential of Link...
Source: European Cells and Materials - Category: Cytology Tags: Eur Cell Mater Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 January 2020Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Kathleen Gali, Ruth Narode, Kelly C. Young-Wolff, Mark L. Rubinstein, Geoffrey Rutledge, Judith J. ProchaskaAbstractCannabis has been legalized, decriminalized, or medicalized in over half the U.S. states. With restrictions on cannabis research, accepted standards to guide clinical practice are lacking. Analyzing online communications through a digital health platform, we characterized patient questions about cannabis use and provider responses. Coded for content were 4579 questions posted anonymously online between March 2011 through J...
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Want to ask people's opinion on this. Has been a follower on this forum and have found the input and discussion valuable Recently I have a few patients came to me, some by referral, but they don't have insurance, they want to pay cash for their visits but only want me to manage their opioid. Sometime I just don't know what to do with these patients, if I recommend procedures, it's probably too costly and they won't be able to afford or no interest in pursuing. I just don't like the optic of... Cash pay for narcotics
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Pain Medicine Source Type: forums
ConclusionPathological fracture in young adult should always be properly investigated. A high index of suspicion is necessary to diagnose unusual presentation of Primary Hyperparathyrodism.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of reviewHigh resolution esophageal manometry (HRM) has expanded understanding of esophageal motor function. The Chicago Classification scheme has allowed systematic categorization of the myriad of manometric parameters identified during HRM. Multichannel intraluminal impedance pH has enhanced ambulatory reflux monitoring through complete assessment of esophageal content transit. However, the clinical implications of identified minor esophageal functional disorders remain unclear.Recent findingsEsophagogastric junction outlet obstruction is defined by esophagogastric junction obstruction with preserved peri...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
AbstractA systematic review was conducted to provide an overview of the efficacy and safety of125I irradiation stent placement for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and main portal vein tumor thrombosis (MPVTT). Six studies with 406 patients were included in the final analysis. The median overall survival for patients treated with125I irradiation stent placement was 10.3  months. The most common radiation-related adverse event was leukopenia. The stent-related adverse events consisted of fever, abdominal pain, hemorrhage, and anorexia. No stent or seed migration was reported. Overall, the use of an125I irra...
Source: CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 January 2020Source: Personality and Individual DifferencesAuthor(s): Arianna Vecchio, Vilfredo De PascalisAbstractPain is an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential damage to the body. The experience of acute pain reflects the continuous processing of a complex hierarchical system of motivations to act that incorporates expectations and beliefs serving to limit the impact of adverse events. Research on placebo analgesia highlights that placebo analgesia can be modulated by dispositional characteristics that interact with environmental and persona...
Source: Personality and Individual Differences - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
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Source: The Back Letter - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Articles Source Type: research
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